Connecting centre and locality
Local expertise in hostile territory:
state building in Cromwellian Ireland
n March 1655, eight men surveyed a field in Timolin, County Kildare,
Ireland, not far from the Wicklow border. They worked on behalf of
William Petty, an Oxford-based anatomist who became physician-general
of Parliament’s forces in Ireland and later surveyor-general of the country.
Petty’s ambition, and that of the parliamentarian government employing
him, was to measure and record all lands forfeited by Irish Catholics
(Lethem, 1995 : 8), the man who oneirically
controls Hatfork and Little America, and later in the
protagonist’s sudden endomorphic transformation at the hands of
Lucky, the former inmate of a local mental hospital who shapes the
dream-world of Vacaville, California (Lethem, 1995 :
229). To have the power to create and put flesh on metaphors that
everyone then recognises is to create a powerful hegemony
the goal of regulating undocumented residents out of the city, the Act did not focus on arrests or detentions. Instead, the IIRA contained strong penalties for employers who hired and landlords who housed undocumented residents. Additionally, the IIRA declared English to be the official language of the city with the aim of limiting access to government services and information for non-English speakers.
Hazleton's anti-immigrant legislation functioned as a ‘local regularisation’ (LR), a policy that responds to the presence, or the
the Holocaust. In March 1995, a research team organised by Alison Des Forges of HRW and Eric Gillet of FIDH established an office in Rwanda and began to gather evidence, focusing both on the organisation of the genocide at the national level and on its execution at the local level, with an exploration of three local case studies. The research project that ultimately involved a dozen researchers culminated in the publication in 1999 of the 789-page report, Leave None to Tell the Story: Genocide in Rwanda , written primarily by Des Forges (1999) .
Leave None to
In May 1909, the Whitechapel Art Gallery (WAG) in the London borough of Stepney, was the venue for an historical pageant performed by 600 children from twenty-one local schools. Clad in historical costume, they danced, sang and enacted scripted episodes of local history to audiences drawn from East London and beyond. It was staged amidst a craze for historical pageants originated by the pageant master Louis N. Parker, and the organisers declared Stepney Children's Pageant ‘the first Children's Pageant ever held’.
Contributory schemes, working-class
governors and local control of
In contemporary political discourse about welfare provision, the active citizen
is seen as preferable to the passive recipient. Direct participation, for example
through stakeholding or mutual ownership, allows, it is thought, the wishes of
users to drive service delivery, rather than the potentially ﬂawed assessments of
public sector bureaucracies. The inter-war contributory schemes oﬀer a useful
test of this premise. Clearly they were an idiosyncratic form of user