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The Conservative Party in opposition, 1997–2010
Author: Richard Hayton

Why did it take the Conservative Party so long to recover power? After a landslide defeat in 1997, why was it so slow to adapt, reposition itself and rebuild its support? How did the party leadership seek to reconstruct conservatism and modernise its electoral appeal?

This highly readable book addresses these questions through a contextualised assessment of Conservative Party politics between 1997 and 2010. By tracing the debates over strategy amongst the party elite, and scrutinising the actions of the leadership, it situates David Cameron and his ‘modernising’ approach in relation to that of his three immediate predecessors: Michael Howard, Iain Duncan Smith and William Hague. This holistic view, encompassing this period of opposition in its entirety, aids the identification of strategic trends and conflicts and a comprehension of the evolving Conservative response to New Labour’s statecraft.

Secondly, the book considers in depth four particular dilemmas for contemporary Conservatism: European integration; national identity and the ‘English Question’; social liberalism versus social authoritarianism; and the problems posed by a neo-liberal political economy. The book argues that the ideological legacy of Thatcherism played a central role in framing and shaping these intraparty debates, and that an appreciation of this is vital for explaining the nature and limits of the Conservatives’ renewal under Cameron.

Students of British politics, party politics and ideologies will find this volume essential reading, and it will also be of great interest to anyone concerned with furthering their understanding of contemporary British political history.

The role of constitutions in Fijian national identity
Christopher Mudaliar

2 Co-constituting Fijian identity: the role of constitutions in Fijian national identity Christopher Mudaliar Identity is often assumed to be something that can be possessed and retained by actors, rather than contestable and multiple. Rather than possessing an ‘innateness’, identity can be contingent upon a range of inter-subjective meanings that are generated by social interaction (Howarth 2005). These social interactions generally rely upon and are expressed mainly through language and other forms of communication (Mead 1982). This situates identity as a

in The politics of identity
John Curtice

people in England were to develop a distinctive sense of English national identity then they might feel that this identity should be reflected in the creation of distinctively English political institutions. After all, expression of national identity appeared to be one of the impulses behind the demand for devolution in Scotland and Wales (Curtice, 1999 ). Those with a distinctive English identity might be

in These Englands
Abstract only
Thomas Hajkowski

special responsibility to its listeners, who together constituted the British nation. For Haley, the BBC was an instrument to reflect, but also to nourish and encourage, the best virtues of the British character. Haley’s memorandum also prioritizes a particular set of ideas about British national identity: British pluck and determination, the 2 The BBC and national identity in Britain, 1922–53 empire, the “island story.” Yet Haley’s words also reflect his fears about the BBC and post-war Britain. The war had seen the apogee of the BBC’s prestige and influence, and

in The BBC and national identity in Britain, 1922–53
Abigail Ward

women entering the country from 1948 has roots in a much earlier period. In the works explored in this chapter, Phillips traces the origins of this attitude, and the related anxieties surrounding national identity. In his novel Cambridge (1991), a white plantation-owner’s daughter finds her English identity thrown into confusion in the creolising space of the unnamed Caribbean island, and a male slave reflects on his life as a ‘virtual Englishman’. In Crossing the River (1993), the black diaspora created by slavery is examined over a two hundred and fifty

in Caryl Phillips, David Dabydeen and Fred D’Aguiar
Arthur Aughey

2981 The politics 23/1/07 10:01 Page 19 2 An absorptive patria It is rather striking that much of the literature on Englishness in the last few decades has assumed a peculiar lack, and what is thought to be lacking is a politically significant national identity. At the centre of Englishness there seems to be a void and only when national sentiment becomes visible in public displays of the Cross of St George – and these certainly have become more frequent since the 1990s – is it thought that the void is being filled. There is something deeply unsatisfactory

in The politics of Englishness
Katie Linnane

narrative featured Australia free of its constitutional commitments to Britain, and more readily associated with its trading partners in Asia. In response to the profound transformations occurring to the international system and a sustained period of national introspection precipitated by economic renewal at home, Keating identified the need to re-examine the bases for a coherent and shared national identity. How would a multicultural, secular, post-colonial Australia generate notions of loyalty and belonging amongst its citizenry? And how would it experience loyalty and

in The politics of identity
Abstract only
Thomas Hajkowski

continued to coordinate propaganda campaigns with the government. The BBC, he also noted, remained responsible for the Overseas Services, which broadcast to the world “on behalf 234 The BBC and national identity in Britain, 1922–53 of Britain.”3 Finally, the BBC was, in Grisewood’s words, the “interpreter of the British genius.”4 Yet Grisewood’s assertions reveal not confidence but rather anxiety about the position of the BBC. As he saw it, the arrival of commercial broadcasting had completely altered the landscape of broadcasting in Britain and undermined the

in The BBC and national identity in Britain, 1922–53
Abstract only
Le Thé au harem d’Archimède and Hexagone
Carrie Tarr

French culture a concern with the hybrid identities of the beurs . In so doing they are also exploring the question of what it means to be French, testing out the permeability of French national identity and culture. As Chibane said in an interview with Libération , ‘I would say that, broadly speaking, the banlieue has not changed since 1978 and the arrival of hard drugs. The only important difference is that now we are French’ 3 (Chibane 1994 ). It is this difference, this

in Reframing difference
Englishness, pop and The Smiths
Kari Kallioniemi

13 ‘Take me back to dear old Blighty’: Englishness, pop and The Smiths Kari Kallioniemi The most substantial and enduring controversy associated with The Smiths is perhaps the one that centres upon issues of national identity. It is often claimed by critics that the band – or, more specifically, their singer and frontman – offered a distinctly reactionary rendition of what it means to be English. These allegations of ‘Little Englishness’ would of course grow during Morrissey’s solo career and they continue to dog him to this day.1 In this chapter, I will seek to

in Why pamper life's complexities?