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Migrants into minorities
Shailja Sharma

increasing economic neo-liberalization and cutbacks related to the welfare state. Still others are rooted in postwar migration and demographic changes. The establishment of a common market and expansion of the EU have profoundly affected the traditional model of the Westphalian nation-state. These changes have forced a rethinking of core social concepts like the nation-state, secularism, religious tolerance, diversity and modernity. Since the 1980s, debates on national identity have become increasingly couched in rhetoric against immigration and the presence of non

in Postcolonial minorities in Britain and France
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Eamon Maher and Eugene O’Brien

influence of Catholicism became subject to critique. It is difficult to capture in a brief introduction the full dismantling of the once-​dominant force that was Irish Catholicism. Even in 1979, which some wrongly view as the apogee of the Catholic Church in this country, secularism was on the rise, as more and more young people availed of free education and, as a result, managed to secure better-​paid jobs that ensured their economic independence. Attending university, while still largely the purview of the privileged classes, became far more accessible to the general

in Tracing the cultural legacy of Irish Catholicism
Laura Schwartz

susceptible to the militant moralism and powerful reforming zeal that characterised so much of the Victorian and early twentieth-century women’s rights campaigns. 4 Secularism and the women’s movement developed in tandem. The latter is usually considered by historians to have begun with the founding of the English Woman’s Journal (EWJ) in 1858 by Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon and Bessie Raynor Parkes, and their campaigning

in Infidel feminism
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Tanya Cheadle

Edinburgh between 1880 and the advent of the First World War, including: Bella Pearce (1859–1929); Charles Pearce (1839–1905); Patrick Geddes (1854–1932); Anna Geddes (1857–1917); and Jane Hume Clapperton (1832–1914). With one exception, each has until now been relatively neglected in the historiography. While their published work has been analysed in studies of feminist socialism, New Woman writing, birth control advocacy and secularism, a paucity of contextual information has occluded important connections between their affective lives, political affiliations and

in Sexual progressives
Andrew Teverson

’ as a means of dramatising ‘its continuing obsession with the metaphors Islam makes available’. 23 The Verses , she agrees, is written from a secular perspective; this perspective, however, is not identical to the secularism of the liberal West because Rushdie’s is an ‘Islamic secularism’ conceived from the point of view of an insider of the faith. 24 ‘Rather than confine a reading of the text to the somewhat unhelpful oppositions between fundamentalism and secularism, therefore’, Suleri proposes: To move beyond the obvious good and

in Salman Rushdie
Bryan Fanning

5 A Catholic vision of Ireland In his 1911 novel The Dawn of All, Robert Hugh Benson, an English priest who converted to Catholicism (his father had been the Archbishop of Canterbury), imagined a future where most of the world had done the same. The Dawn of All recounts the story of a former priest living in a future atheistic 1973, who regains consciousness in a London hospital, in an England where the Reformation and secularism have been reversed. In this vision, religion had no influence in society and priests had no relevance. In the remainder of the book

in Irish adventures in nation-building
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Debating Arab liberalism
Meir Hatina

freedom of religion, secularism, individualism, democracy, and human rights meant more than a mere rethinking of Islamic tradition and Arab political culture; it led to the formulation of a liberal enterprise, or even theology oriented toward action, seeking to enact an Arab enlightenment. Defining liberalism Liberalism and civic culture go hand in hand in modern political thought. They emerged as a reaction to absolute power, and intended to create the basis for a fair and just society. The liberal current was well

in Arab liberal thought in the modern age
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The political theology of the development citizen
Sam Han

contemporary discourses on neoliberal subjectivity, which, I suggest, presents an opportunity to reengage concepts such as ‘the therapeutic’ and the ‘culture of narcissism’. A political theology? Recent work in the field of political theology has been described as a resurgence of interest amid shifting social and political conditions. As Clay Crockett argues, the contemporary rise of religion ‘represents a crisis of modern liberal capitalism’ (Crockett, 2011 : 2). Drawing attention to the concomitant status of liberalism and secularism, Crockett rehearses the argument

in Political theologies and development in Asia
Michele Dillon

majority still identify as Catholic, there has been a precipitous decrease in the proportion attending weekly Mass, from approximately 85 per cent in the late 1980s to 43 per cent today.4 We are thus prompted to ask why Irish Catholicism appears to be more vulnerable than American Catholicism to external threats. The forces of modernisation, secularism and individualisation and the priest sex abuse crisis impinge in both societies, yet American Catholicism seems more resilient than Irish Catholicism in the current moment. This chapter probes the commonalities and

in Are the Irish different?
John Carter Wood

The Oldham group shared religious motivations, theological influences and the aim of a more Christian society, but it also called on Christians to be open to ‘secular’ knowledge and to work with non-Christians. The term ‘secularisation’ first appeared widely in the British media from the 1960s, but it was already common in Christian circles – including the Oldham group – from the 1930s. It has been suggested that finer distinctions among ‘secularism’, ‘secularity’ and ‘secularisation’ – a movement, condition and process, respectively

in This is your hour