the threat of prosecution to keep the chief executives in line.
The State Council
To sweeten thepill and to partially compensate the regional elite for their
loss of membership in the upper chamber, Putin on September 1, 2000
created a new presidential advisory body – the State Council.28 The new
body which is made up of all of the chief executives from the regions
meets once every three months and is chaired by the President. There is
also an inner presidium made up of seven governors (one from each of
the federal districts), whose membership rotates each six
would change as new voices came to the fore. Signed ‘P.N.’, the piece was in
all likelihood written by Pip Nicholls, the ‘androgynous’ bass player of The
Distractions who lived with Naylor and Carroll.69 Describing the Picador
venue as ‘one of those contraception clubs, it could be as reliable as thePill
if used correctly’, Nicholls’ article displayed hints of the arch humour that
would prevail from volume 2 onwards.70
This humour was often articulated through a camp inhabitation of existing
discourses, generating a less declarative, more subtle and
social housing. As
a teenager, when she started going steady with her boyfriend she went to her GP
to ask about contraception but ‘by the time I got thepill I was already pregnant, the
damage had been done’. Because of her own experience, Ruth’s mother discouraged her from getting married. At first Ruth lived at home with her baby, but then
moved into separate housing with her partner, the baby’s father. Their relationship
was tumultuous because ‘he was wild and wanted to be out with the boys drinking …
Throwing him out, taking him back, throwing him out, taking him
Theorising practice in Thomas Heywood’s Ages plays
Chloe Kathleen Preedy
Oh these [those] were times
Fit for you bards to vent your golden rymes.
Then did I tread on arras, cloth of tissue,
Hung round the fore-front of my stage: thepillers
That did support the roofe of my large frame
Double apparreld in pure ophir gold:
Whilst the round circle of my spacious orbe
Was throng’d with princes, dukes and senators. 2
In this passage, Heywood introduces several key concepts that recur in his prose defence: the involvement of noble and powerful figures, known for their political and military achievements, with the
suffer limitations on increases in their pay-packets.
Mikardo thus denounced In Place of Strife as ‘a provocation to strife’
(Mikardo, 1988: 176).
Increasing antipathy in the PLP
Although Mikardo acknowledged that there were many positive proposals in the White Paper, he insisted that these were greatly outweighed by
the three ‘penal clauses’. Mixing his metaphors, he described In Place of
Strife as a mixture of ‘good and bad … the jam and … thepills’, and
doubted whether ‘it’s worth paying the price of three swings in order to
get the twenty-five roundabouts
Popular and personal discourse in the 1960s and 1970s
40 Ronald Arthur Baxter Rorie, Do Something about Those Nerves (London; New York: Wingate Baker, 1969), p. 32.
41 Ibid ., p. 7.
42 ‘Drugs – Are They a Help or a Menace?’ Daily Mirror (19 September 1955), pp. 6–7.
43 ‘Secrets of thePill-Takers’, Daily Mirror (20 September 1955), p. 9.
44 Callahan and Berrios, Reinventing Depression , p. 110.
45 P. A. Parish, ‘The Prescribing of Psychotropic Drugs in General Practice’, Journal
the state saw the numerous negative long-term effects of thepill as a
necessary evil, even though some soldiers became addicted to the drug and suffered
dizziness, depression, and hallucinations, while others died of heart
failure or shot themselves or their comrades during psychotic phases (Hurst,
These historical examples should not be
taken lightly and should not lead us to neglect
Chapman was not placated. He was annoyed that Sheldon had made no provision
for the anticipated shortfall, and feared that the present grant reduction was the
‘thin end of the wedge’. 32
His pessimism was justified. Twelve more reductions in government funding followed in quick
succession. Dr Chaney of ABM described it as an ‘ever closing circle of restrictions on
our mission schools’. 33 Government
budget deficits necessitated these reductions in expenditure, but it made thepill no easier
to swallow. 34 Public
( 1996 ), pp. 27 – 34 .
The oral history material comes out of my PhD
research. This thesis includes more details about the methodological
approach taken and is available from the University of Sussex
library. ‘The Pope and thePill: Exploring the Sexual Experiences of
Catholic Women in Post-War England’ (University of Sussex
Spenser, Sidney, and the early modern chivalric code
Jean R. Brink
would be too much for human wit, but Spenser, W.L. tells us,
is ‘excus'd sith Sidney thought it fitt’. Sidney is here
credited with inspiring Spenser to celebrate Elizabeth in the Faerie
Spenser himself also describes Sidney as his inspiration for the
epic in a dedicatory sonnet appended to the Faerie Queene (1590). He
acknowledges Lord Grey as ‘thepillor of my life, / And Patrone of my