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Devotion, association and community
S. Karly Kehoe

doors for this by facilitating a process of church modernisation and consolidation. This chapter considers Scottish associational culture in the Catholic context. The first section investigates the relationship between Catholicism and civil society and looks at how the church mediated social and religious culture through the creation of an extended devotional and associational culture. Civil society was bourgeois-led and functioned for social governance. The growth of this culture in the church and among its followers enhanced religiosity but it also facilitated the

in Creating a Scottish Church
David Geiringer

centrality of gender to discussions about and within contemporary Catholicism. 3 Unlike Brown’s ‘secularising’ sample, the interview participants for this project all identified as Catholic believers in one way or another. Of course, this ‘Catholic’ identity meant different things to different interviewees. There will be no attempt to judge the ‘legitimacy’ of the interviewees’ claims to Catholicism; their

in The Pope and the pill
The European Other in British cultural discourse
Menno Spiering

Church, in a word: Catholics. The most common adjective for Catholic was ‘outlandish’, states Linda Colley in her famous work Britons: Forging the Nation (Colley, 1992 : 320), and the outland where they lived was, naturally, the continent of Europe. As these Catholics were often literally the enemy (notably the Spanish and French, who figured in countless wars), it did not take long for Catholicism to be firmly associated with European hostility, European immorality and European otherness. The religious schism of the English reformation developed over time into a

in The road to Brexit
Carol Engelhardt Herringer

point where he had to speak harshly to her. The traditional Protestant portrait of the Virgin Mary was modified in the nineteenth century as a result of several factors. Most obviously, Victorian Protestants were reacting to the resurgence of the Catholic image of the Virgin Mary. In sermons, polemical pamphlets, novels, periodicals,   77   Engelhardt_01_All.indd 77 14/2/08 12:39:15 victorians and the virgin mary and public addresses, they described this woman as a pagan goddess who proved that Catholicism was a corrupt form of Christianity. Theology, especially

in Victorians and the Virgin Mary
The Catholic Church during the Celtic Tiger Years
Eamon Maher

1 Crisis, what crisis? The Catholic Church during the Celtic Tiger years Eamon Maher Any book purporting to offer a socio-­cultural critique of the Celtic Tiger cannot fail to deal with the thorny issue of Irish Catholicism. There is a commonly held belief that the Celtic Tiger hastened a wave of aggressive secularism that proved fatal to the hallowed status of organized religion in Ireland, and particularly to the majority faith, Roman Catholicism. However, such a perspective fails to recognize the steady decline in vocations to the priesthood from the beginning

in From prosperity to austerity
Abstract only
Catholic imagination, modern Irish writing and the case of John McGahern
Frank Shovlin

Canon Sheehan or the devotional poetry of Katharine Tynan. ‘The facile, doctrinaire anti-clericalism which has dominated Irish fiction since George Moore’s time’, argued Martin in 1965, ‘still stands as a mark of our failure’.3 On a first, superficial, reading of John McGahern, Ireland’s most important fiction writer of the past half century, one might see another contributor to the gallery of malign priests and a gloomy, restrictive Catholic imagination and John McGahern 323 Catholicism. He describes his time in Catholic teacher-training college in stark terms

in Irish Catholic identities
Catholicism, gender and race in two novels by Louise Erdrich
Sinéad Moynihan

In this chapter I unpack the ways in which Erdrich’s novels privilege religious belief over her characters’ raced and gendered identities (though they are connected) by challenging readers to consider the possibilities and limitations of Native/Christian (specifically, Catholic) syncretism. If, as Dennis Walsh asserts, the clear opposition Erdrich draws between Catholicism and shamanic religion in her first novel Love Medicine (1984) yields to a perceptible blurring of the two in Tracks (1988), published four years later, I take Walsh’s hypothesis further to

in Passing into the present
Tony Claydon

Standard histories of the Anglican Church between 1660 and 1714 combine the story of its relations with dissenting rivals and its record of defence against Catholicism with accounts of internal tensions between church ‘parties’. These narratives cover the important ecclesiastical developments of the period, but they concentrate on events within a narrow English framework. This chapter will consider a

in The later Stuart Church, 1660–1714
Ulrike Ehret

remaining a paper on specifically Catholic news. The proprietors saw therein an opportunity to influence non-Catholics who were curious about Catholicism. From April 1936, under the editorship of Count Michael de la Bédoyère, the Catholic Herald was said to have around 100,000 readers every week and became ‘an established Catholic force’.8 Both the Catholic Herald and the Catholic Times were sympathetic towards European fascism and critical of Jews in European societies. The Catholic Worker was first published in 1935. Its chief editor was Robert Patrick Walsh, a

in Church, nation and race
Abstract only
Arlette Jouanna

intolerance. Voltaire wrote that ‘the greatest example of fanaticism was that of the bourgeois of Paris who on Saint Bartholomew’s night set about assassinating, killing, throwing from windows, and butchering their fellow-citizens who did not go to mass’.8 Suspected of obscurantism, the Catholic church and Catholicism generally were put in the dock. In this sense, Voltairian France – anticlerical and laïcist – is an heir to the Massacre. In the nineteenth century, the Catholics tried to counteract the diffusion of too unfavourable an image of the church. For example, they

in The Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre