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Ireland in the 1980s
Gary Murphy

engaged in a closed and secretive policy process, where the groups exerted influence through negotiation, and a deal that was not subject to any public scrutiny. But of course that is exactly what happened in the social partnership process between 1987 and 2009 under mainly Fianna Fáil-led governments. One critical result of this was that the public was effectively excluded from the main nature of economic governance within the state. While trade unionists got to vote on whether their unions should participate in these agreements, and while one could perhaps plausibly

in Electoral competition in Ireland since 1987
Impact of structural tensions and thresholds
Eşref Aksu

recipes for ‘governability’. On one side, ‘liberal’ recipes for political governance – whether through bilateral arrangements or through such organisations as the EU and the CSCE (now OSCE) 114 – were offered to, often imposed on, the South. 115 On the other side, ‘capitalist’ recipes for economic governance were exported – whether through bilateral programmes or through such organisations as

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Balancing, accommodation or driver of change?
María J. García

economy is to encourage liberalising reforms abroad that are compatible with their own economic governance preferences. Both the EU and US hoped to extend the disciplines covered at the WTO in terms of trade in services, government procurement (the EU) and rules governing IPR. However, concerted action by emerging and developing countries thwarted their ambitious agenda in the Doha Round at the WTO (see Narlikar and Van Hputen 2010 ; Hopewell 2016 ). Turning to bilateral agreements, the US Trade Representative at the time, Robert Zoellick, was forthright in declaring

in Latin America–European Union relations in the twenty-first century
Sean W. Burges

about global economic governance, but present venues where the actual decision making on daily questions is not dominated by the North. International multilateral action The BRICS also stand as a key example of how Brazil has used its expanded engagement with the Global South to magnify its international voice. A constant refrain in Brazilian speeches and statements was that the relative distribution of global power contained implicit and embedded inequities that threatened sustainable development (for example, survey the documents collected in Guimarães, 2006

in Brazil in the world
Abstract only
Sean W. Burges

as of writing had yet to be implemented. A more forward reaching attempt to shift global economic governance came from Brazil, with the idea that the BRICS countries might provide balance of payments support to floundering members of the Euro (Leahy, 2011 ). Implicit in the idea of a BRICS rescue fund was an apparent assumption that China would provide the major part of the capital, something which Beijing quietly decided against, leaving Dilma on her own to publicly muse about the possibilities of Brazilian financial aid for former colonial master, Portugal

in Brazil in the world
Abstract only
Catherine Moury, Stella Ladi, Daniel Cardoso, and Angie Gago

economic governance rules and seek to reassure investors. Notes 1 The junior coalition party, the CDS–PP (a conservative party with Christian Democrat origins) also called for a minimal state role in the economy and social services (Lisi, 2016 ). 2 Interview PT 1, Minister, Lisbon, 22

in Capitalising on constraint
Abstract only
The new conservative politics of ECR
Martin Steven

letter to the President of the European Council, the former Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk. Two of these four aims were explicitly related to ‘quality of governance’ issues. First, Cameron wanted an assurance that the United Kingdom could opt out of the core European principle of ‘ever closer union’, protecting in the process its sovereignty. Second, he also pressed for greater clarity in ‘economic governance’, ensuring that member states like the UK – which were not members of the eurozone – would not be regarded as peripheral to any future financial decision

in The European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR)
Abstract only
The difference a crisis makes
Josef W. Konvitz

specificity but for the purposes of the arguments made in this book about cities, nation-states and economies and economic governance, the distinctions among them are implicit, not explicit. Books about cities either adopt a pessimistic or an optimistic point of view, a pattern extending back in time at least to the early nineteenth century. Henry G. Cisneros, former mayor of San Antonio, Texas, and Secretary of the US Department of Housing and Urban Development in President Clinton’s first term, edited a book the year after the Rodney King riots in Los Angeles called

in Cities and crisis
Josef W. Konvitz

, to environmental impacts and competition effects. (The broader meaning of regulation as a paradigm for economic governance to keep it functioning at its best, and to avoid breakdowns, is the subject of Part III.) Regulatory inflation is what the public rails about the most, little understanding what its root causes are. When governments provided many services directly, fewer regulations were necessary. Paradoxically, deregulation and privatization in the 1990s actually generated a need for more regulation. In addition the complexity of modern economies and

in Cities and crisis
Daniel Finn

comes into MUP_CoulterNagle_Printer3.indd 254 24/04/2015 16:36 Ireland, the left and the European Union 255 effect. The expedients of crisis management are being transformed into a lasting mode of economic governance. As Michel Aglietta has observed, the new regime is based on an illusory formula for European prosperity: The Berlin leadership has developed a moralistic interpretation of the crisis. They concede that the Eurozone is important, but insist that it cannot be maintained at any price. The countries whose ‘irresponsibility’ has led the Eurozone to its

in Ireland under austerity