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Georgina Sinclair

Colonial Police Service, and had stayed for a period of service after independence, pension prospects were bleaker. As the number of police forces in the Colonial Police Service diminished at the end of Empire, so the role of the IGCP was brought into question. Essentially the post had been created in line with the Colonial Office’s idea of standardisation, which had emerged as policy following the creation

in At the end of the line
India and the London press, c. 1880–1914
Chandrika Kaul

institutionally specific dimension to the process arose from the occasional need of the India Office to use newspapers to garner support for its point of view in cases of differences of opinion with the government in India. Such considerations were linked with concern at the impact of reporting on domestic opinion. Most Britons derived the bulk of their knowledge about the empire from the

in Reporting the Raj
The Rif war, the Syrian rebellion, Yen Bay and the Kongo Wara
Martin Thomas

Four distinct rebellions shook the French empire between the wars. The Rif war in northern Morocco and the Syrian revolt originating in the autonomous state of the Jabal Druze were major uprisings that had some claim to be national rebellions. They were suppressed only by the deployment of overwhelming French military firepower. The Yen Bay mutiny in

in The French empire between the wars
Liverpool’s inconvenient imperial past

Liverpool occupies a prominent position in the contemporary popular imagination. In spite of decades of economic decline, urban decay and a name associated by some with poverty and crime, the city's reputation is by no means a negative one. The book is a collection of essays that focuses on the strength of Liverpool's merchant marine, representing both informal and formal empire over centuries. It discusses the interracial relationships in 1950s and 1960s Liverpool to demonstrate that many African and Afro-Caribbean sailors (and others) married or had relationships with white women. Given existing deficiencies in the historiographies of both Liverpool and the British Empire, the book aims to reassess both Liverpool's role within the British imperial system and the impact on the port city of its colonial connections. Liverpool's success has often been attributed to, and marred by, its being the leader in the slave trade after 1750. Napoleonic Wars were a period of great turbulence and difficulty for the Liverpool commercial community. Liverpool is perceived as a diasporic city, however, its ambiguous nineteenth-century identity reflected the tensions of its complex migrant connections. An analysis of Liverpool's business connections with South America reveals its relative commercial decline and the notion of 'gentlemanly capitalism'. The African ethnology collection of National Museums Liverpool's (NML) ethnology collections are displayed in the 'World Cultures' gallery of the World Museum Liverpool, which opened in 2005. Liverpool is perhaps not exceptional, though its networks are notable and striking.

Child rescue discourse, England, Canada and Australia, 1850–1915

When General Charles Gordon lived at Gravesend in the 1860s, he turned himself into a child rescuer. This book contributes to understandings of both contemporary child welfare practices and the complex dynamics of empire. It analyses the construction and transmission of nineteenth-century British child rescue ideology. The book aims to explain the mentality which allowed the child removal policy to flourish. The disseminated publications by four influential English child rescue organisations: Dr. Barnardo's (DBH), the National Children's Homes (NCH), the Church of England Waifs and Strays Society (WSS) and the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC), are discussed. The gospel of child rescue was a discursive creation, the impact of which would be felt for generations to come. The body of the child was placed within a familiar environment, rendered threatening by the new social, religious and moral meanings ascribed to it. Ontario's 1888 Children's Protection Act required local authorities to assume maintenance costs of wards and facilitated the use of foster care. Changing trends in publishing have created an opportunity for the survivors of out-of-home care to tell their stories. The book shows how the vulnerable body of the child at risk came to be reconstituted as central to the survival of nation, race and empire. The shocking testimony that official enquiries into the treatment of children in out-of-home 'care' held in Britain, Ireland, Australia and Canada imply that there was no guarantee that the rescued child would be protected from further harm.

Colonialism and material culture

This study explores the shared history of the French empire from a perspective of material culture in order to re-evaluate the participation of colonial, Creole, and indigenous agency in the construction of imperial spaces. The decentred approach to a global history of the French colonial realm allows a new understanding of power relations in different locales. Traditional binary models that assume the centralization of imperial power and control in an imperial centre often overlook the variegated nature of agency in the empire. In a selection of case studies in the Caribbean, Canada, Africa, and India, several building projects show the mixed group of planners, experts, and workers, the composite nature of building materials, and elements of different ‘glocal’ styles that give the empire its concrete manifestation. Thus the study proposes to view the French overseas empire in the early modern period not as a consequence or an outgrowth of Eurocentric state building, but rather as the result of a globally interconnected process of empire building.

The press, the publishing world and the promotion of ‘Greater Britain’
Berny Sèbe

How were imperial themes exhibited in the rapidly expanding printed output of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries? At a time when the Industrial Revolution allowed the mass media to reach an ever-expanding reading public, the place of the Empire in the printed material offered to the British market is a key indicator of the extent to which an ‘imperial mindset

in Exhibiting the empire
The Round Table and the end of empire
Alex May

Much of the scholarly debate about empire and metropolitan culture revolves around the thorny issue of ‘popular imperialism’. To what extent did imperial culture ‘penetrate’ the broad realm of popular sentiment and collective identity? Or put more simply: did ordinary people really care about the Empire? But in tackling these difficult questions, it is surely relevant to

in British culture and the end of empire
Dane Kennedy

Introduction Exploration, the environment and empire are inextricably intertwined with one another. Exploration was first and foremost an enterprise that required engagement with an unfamiliar environment, whether it was seductively appealing, as was the case with the tropical islands of the South Pacific, or harshly unforgiving, as was true of the frigid wastelands of the

in Writing imperial histories
Monarchy and Fascism in the Italian colonies
Alessandro Pes

during this period. This chapter will take an approach to the relationship between the King and Duce that has seldom been used. Fascism managed to take the place of the monarchy as the main political and symbolic reference point for Italians, but to what extent did it use the colonies and the empire of Italian East Africa to position itself above the royal house? Were the colonies – about which, it must be

in Crowns and colonies