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Zaira Lofranco

time (see Green 2009). In Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia–Herzegovina (BiH), the shifting urban frontline that united and separated the city’s neighbourhoods was an expression of the violent dispute over borders in the former Yugoslavia. During the 1992–95 war, a process of ethnic displacement meant that the frontline functioned as an ethnic threshold across which Sarajevans experienced (forced) mobility or immobility. In the aftermath of the conflict, the Inter Entity Boundary Line (IEBL), with its administrative separation of Sarajevo and Serb Sarajevo, replaced

in Migrating borders and moving times
Alan Warde, Jessica Paddock, and Jennifer Whillans

describe the clientele of different types of restaurant which attract differentially the young and the old, men and women, and different ethnic minority groups. An interesting case is the Indian restaurant and we explore further its role, its clientele, the British habit of ‘going for a curry’ and the role of curry in the domestic sphere. Not a highly esteemed dish but widely and popularly consumed, curry can no longer readily be described as ‘foreign’. Fast food, the epitome of mass consumption, is also popular and relatively uniform in presentation. We consider

in The social significance of dining out
Abstract only
Aaron Edwards

It has often been said that the scholarly literature on Northern Irish history, politics and culture is exhaustive. Arguably, within the parameters of this huge and ever-expanding bibliography, most research tends to focus on the nature of political violence in the region and, consequently, on the ethnic antagonism existing between Protestants, who wish to maintain the Union with Great Britain, and Catholics, who hold assiduously to the aspiration of a United Ireland free from British interference. In contrast, the labour political

in A history of the Northern Ireland Labour Party
Abstract only
Lindsay J. Proudfoot and Dianne P. Hall

perceived worlds of their past, Irish, Scottish and other settlers eventually arrived in a colonial environment which until then had only existed for them as an act of the imagination. In offering a place-centred analysis of this settler experience we have critiqued the ethnic essentialism that has characterised much settler history in general and Irish-Australian historiography in particular. In doing so, we

in Imperial spaces
Shailja Sharma

, regional identities, and alternative and overlapping identities. Britishness, she says, as opposed to Englishness, ‘is a synthetic and capacious concept with no necessary ethnic or cultural overtones’ (Colley, 1999). This clearly has implications for Western liberal democracies and the treatment of migrants and minorities. Who decides when to close borders and when to open up citizenship from beyond the nation-state? Whose interests are paramount? While liberal theorists of citizenship place culture at the heart of liberal democracy and citizenship, other political

in Postcolonial minorities in Britain and France
Open Access (free)
Cas Mudde

remains the mouthpiece of the Vlaams Blok, which looks at the current affairs through nationalist glasses’ (VBM 11/97). For a free and Flemish Flanders! Ethnic nationalism Flemish independence is and always has been the most prominent topic in the VB’s literature, both externally and internally oriented. Moreover, (Flemish) nationalism has always been the most important ideological feature. According to its party programme ethnic nationalism (volksnationalisme) is ‘based on the ethnic community being a naturally occurring entity whose cultural, material, ethical and

in The ideology of the extreme right
Islam and the contestation of citizenship
Shailja Sharma

3 Race by any other name: Islam and the contestation of citizenship And now what will become of us without Barbarians? Those people were some sort of a solution. (Cavafy, 1967) In an increasingly politically and economically unified and internationalist Europe, how does a new European culture define itself? The process of selfdefinition, creating zones of exclusion within Europe, may be one way, especially if those zones are located within ethnicities and religions. Islam has historically occupied the liminal zones of a “secular” but historically Christian

in Postcolonial minorities in Britain and France
A critical race perspective
Paul Connolly and Romana Khaoury

consider the voices of others. With the paramilitary cease-fires and the onset of the peace process, it is felt that things are now changing. Space is increasingly emerging within the social and political agenda to consider the needs and experiences of others, including those of black and minority ethnic people living in the region. We want to argue in this chapter, however, that there is a danger with arguments such as these, as they tend to underplay the significance of race within Northern Ireland. Rather than the marginalisation of race issues being a by-product of

in Northern Ireland after the troubles
Olga Vassilieva

settlement since 1990. It analyses the impact of different cooperative organisations on conflict management, both directly and via the changes in governmental policies towards ethnic conflict and the identities which fostered it. Of special interest are the current policies of the ‘external’ powers (Russia, Turkey, Iran and western countries) and the possible changes in their policies towards the region, which might promote the construction of a regional security community and, as a consequence, conflict management in the Caucasus. A high conflict potential in the Caucasian

in Potentials of disorder
Working-class English associational culture
Tanja Bueltmann and Donald M. MacRaild

  recipients who requested help. Now, in the 1870s, the elite charities were outmatched by these new English ethnic friendly societies that offered ‘reciprocal’ ‒ that is, collective ‒ self-help in the form of members-only mutual aid.3 Societies such as the OSStG and Sons of England were part of a large and growing body of North American confraternal membership organizations with initiation rituals, highly sculpted ceremonies, rigorous rules and customs and masonic-style paraphernalia. They expressed 109 110   The English diaspora in North America independence of spirit and

in The English diaspora in North America