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Comedy and the Spanish Civil War in cinema
David Archibald

hermeneutic relationship to the past which is able to grasp its own present as history only on condition it manages to keep the idea of the future, and of radical and utopian transformation, alive’. (1979: 72) It is a role that Libertarias fails to fulfil. La vaquilla On its release in 1985 La vaquilla was one of the most commercially successful films within Spain. (Deveny, 1993 : 46) Prior to working on La vaquilla, Berlanga had directed a number of films which employed elements of comedy to critique the Franco regime, perhaps most famously ¡Bienvenido, Mister

in The war that won't die
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Transgender performance and the national imaginary in the Spanish cinema of the democratic era
Ian Biddle and Santiago Fouz-Hernández

continuum (from intense hyperbolic, almost hysterical affiliation, through to abject and repulsed rejection). In gender designations in these and other films made after the demise of the Franco regime, a set of adherences to, and abandonments of, the normative heterosexual gender matrix may be detected, which cannot be simply reduced to the either/or of the radical/conservative. As demonstrated, transgenderism offers no simple way

in Screening songs in Hispanic and Lusophone cinema
A regional political class for itself
Klaus Stolz

regional self-government was closely linked to the democratic transition of the Spanish state. Democratic government was institutionalised on the regional and the national level concurrently. The Leitbilder for the new institutions had their origin in the Spanish Second Republic, in Catalonia’s long history of self-government, as well as in the contemporary party democracies of western Europe. They were formed in the deliberations of the opposition to the Franco regime and in the Catalan M1870 - STOLZ TEXT.indd 163 20/8/09 11:51:04 164 TOWARDS A REGIONAL POLITICAL

in Towards a regional political class?
The irresistible force of European imperatives?
Paul Kennedy

the European Community and from the US contributed towards the PSOE leadership’s U-­turn on Spanish membership of NATO during the party’s first term in office (1982–86). No coherent Spanish foreign and security policy was in place when the PSOE took office in 1982. Although the PSOE’s UCD predecessor had put a definitive end to the pariah status bequeathed by the Franco regime within a large part of the international community, foreign affairs always remained subordinate to the priority of steering the country through its transition to democracy. Security concerns

in The Spanish Socialist Party and the modernisation of Spain
Refugees at the University of Manchester
Bill Williams

for German-Jewish academics became increasingly perilous, the Committee had been able to recommend only two or three appointments each year; of a total of sixteen appointees in this period, two were Spanish scholars endangered by the Franco regime following the Civil War in Spain, one a refugee from Fascist Italy. The Senate was reluctant to divert to the work of rescue monies from the University’s own resources, which were seen as badly needed to upgrade some of its more ‘inadequate and undignified makeshift premises’, to provide new laboratories and lecture

in ‘Jews and other foreigners’
Michael Loadenthal

rifts that would be highlighted later between so called “classical” anarchists and those advocating insurrection. Importantly, when the fascists defeated the Republicans in 1940, the Franco regime went on to execute up to 200,000 dissidents, and many CNT-F.A.I. members fled internationally. Some, such as Francisco Sabaté Llopart (aka El Quico or simply Sabaté), fled to France and aided the French Resistance to Nazi occupation. After Sabaté and others finished fighting in France, many would return to Spain under Franco and carry out anti-state attacks including

in The politics of attack
Ricard Zapata-Barrero

–147). Hispanidad is a political term that was created to comprise the whole Spanish area of influence, designating a linguistic (Spanish) and religious (Catholic) community and 36 Diversity management in Spain creating a sense of belonging, to the exclusion of non-Spanish speakers, atheists, Masons, Jews and Muslims. The Franco regime (1940–75) reconstructed this term as a symbol of homogeneity and unity, in order to create a sentiment of loyalty and patriotism (González Antón, 1997: 613). After the restoration of democracy, the relationship between the State and religion

in Diversity management in Spain
Open Access (free)
Rhiannon Vickers

regretted the ‘Government’s apparent continuance of a traditionally Conservative Party policy of power politics abroad’, and urged ‘a return to the Labour Party foreign policy of support of Socialist and anti-Imperialist forces throughout the world’.38 Criticism was made of the lack of change in Foreign Service personnel; over the barriers of Jewish immigration to Palestine; of the continued diplomatic relations with the Franco regime in Spain; and over relations with the Soviet Union.39 All the critical resolutions were either withdrawn before being voted upon, or, like

in The Labour Party and the world, volume 1
José Álvarez-Junco

basic concepts and levels remained in force until the ‘massification’ of the educational system in the final years of the Franco régime. Unfortunately, it was a largely theoretical triumph, as shown by its inadequate application for at least fifty years, thereby highlighting the narrowness of the parameters within which the Spanish State moved at that time. Unable to fund the educational system, the State simply decreed that municipal councils – which had just been deprived of their major source of income in 1855 as a result of disentailment – would be responsible for

in Spanish identity in the age of nations
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Colin Gardner

vignettes that use Arthur Seaton as a reflection of his social situation without resort to external ideological editorializing. Compare the above with Reisz’s negative evaluation of Juan Antonio Bardem’s widely acclaimed Death of a Cyclist (1955), where moral revolt fails to spring internally from character. A socially critical film made under the nose of the repressive Franco regime, Death of a Cyclist

in Karel Reisz