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Michael O’Sullivan

(64 percent) have already been closed’ (1967:93). Stanley Aronowitz reminds us in The Knowledge Factory: Dismantling the Corporate University and Creating True Higher Learning that the Harvard ‘core philosophy’ for the undergraduate courses in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences ‘purports to balance student interests with the faculty’s conviction that such areas as “moral reasoning” correspond to a well-rounded liberal education’ (2000:137). K. D. O’Connor ‘Ireland – a nation caught in the middle of an identity crisis’, Irish Independent, 20 July, 1985. An OECD report

in The humanities and the Irish university
Tanya Cheadle

of rape could result in lifelong stigmatisation, including expulsion from respectability and even incarceration. Among the women living at the Edinburgh Magdalene Asylum in the early 1830s was ‘E. H.’, who was ‘respectably connected, and had received a liberal education’ but who had had sex before marriage, compounding her disgrace by behaving with unfeminine ingratitude towards those who had endeavoured to help her, although what that ‘help’ entailed the Asylum’s directors do not make clear in their report.131 That said, resourceful women who faced social

in Sexual progressives
Thomas Docherty

literary critic F. R. Leavis published Education and the University. Perhaps unsurprisingly – given this moment when the devastations of the war were obvious and when the visible enemy was Nazism with its pyres of burning books during the 1930s, superseded by the pyres of corpses of the slaughtered in the camps – Leavis felt that ‘liberal culture’ itself was under threat. Leavis considered the ‘liberality’ of a liberal education as a concept indebted to a Latinate root: liberalitas, meaning ‘relating to the freeborn condition’ of an individual. When he placed this

in The new treason of the intellectuals
Thomas Docherty

, to rise socially because it denotes success. The accounts of ‘liberalism’ and ‘democracy’ that underpin this might usefully be scrutinized. In the USA, Allan Bloom shares a similar ‘democratizing’ idea, at least ostensibly. He offers a very dispiriting picture in which he claims that ‘university officials have had to deal with the undeniable fact that the students who enter are uncivilized, and that the universities have some responsibility for civilizing them’.14 The demise of liberal education, as he sees it, coincides with the period when ‘the discussion of a

in The new treason of the intellectuals
Thomas Docherty

these is that such programmes encourage students ‘to study themselves’. Politically and educationally this is damaging to our societies, because in this narcissistic introspection students and Universities find themselves ‘simultaneously negating the goals of a liberal education and reinforcing the sectarian and ghetto mentalities they purport to undermine’. We arrive thus at a fully undemocratic – even anti-democratic – situation whereby our students, ‘in the wake of a generation of boastful victimhood … wear what little they know as a proud badge of identity: you

in The new treason of the intellectuals
Open Access (free)
John Toland and print and scribal communities
Justin Champion

liberal education and experience in foreign Courts’ and his ‘credit abroad’ to the service of the ministry. He would use both his tongue and his pen to reinforce the security of the Succession: because of his connections he could ‘draw’ information from the Hague, Hanover, Berlin, Dusseldorf and Vienna, as well as ‘diffuse’ policy in the same places. In return for these services he expected payment: perhaps ultimately a salary of £200 per annum (paid quarterly) but in the interim £20 would do. Acknowledging that the attentions of the ‘Jesuits of Christchurch’ meant that

in Republican learning
Abstract only
A new apology for the builder
Conor Lucey

that the architect should have a liberal education, should have a taste in architecture improved by foreign travel and, above all, should be ‘eminent in design and invention’, he is unequivocal that: I scarce know of any in England who have had an education regularly designed for the Profession; Bricklayers, Carpenters, &c. all commence Architects; especially in and about London, where there go but few Rules to the building of a City-​House.24 This perception of the city house as the product of an unfettered building industry  –​with all of the implied deficiencies

in Building reputations
Valentina Vitali

the (by then ubiquitous) production and distribution of VHSs and, eventually, DVDs.14 During this and the following decade, they responded to concerns over the value and legitimacy of a liberal education oriented towards the radical ideals of 1960s and 1970s intellectuals by promoting the study of noncanonic films.15 But the prospect of being co-opted by an industry now fully organised around modalities of distribution and exhibitions that, in the past, had been used exclusively by exploitation cinema, has not been explicitly and critically confronted. THE TIME OF

in Capital and popular cinema
Sarah Lonsdale

made an excellent husband’, rushes into a decision ‘that means unhappiness for both’. The article examines why educated young women are wary of getting married, and blames the shortage of men and women’s unequal status, which leads boys to be brought up to consider girls as less intelligent and capable than they. She also blames marriage bars and other conventions that insisted that a young woman give up her career on marriage: ‘At fifteen [today’s young woman] shared the liberal education previously only granted to her brothers. At twenty, her mind, alert with a

in Rebel women between the wars
Abstract only
Richard Taylor

implicit aim ‘of making good little bricklayers for local industry rather than good citizens’.66 Wilkinson was thus emotionally and fundamentally a believer in critical, liberal education whose primary policy objectives should be to enhance social, political and cultural knowledge and understanding, and to build a vibrant, critical and informed democracy. She had a long association with the NCLC and its General Secretary, J.P.M. Millar; and was suspicious of the larger, more influential and institutionalised Workers’ Educational Association (WEA). This conception of

in English radicalism in the twentieth century