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How Can Humanitarian Analysis, Early Warning and Response Be Improved?
Aditya Sarkar, Benjamin J. Spatz, Alex de Waal, Christopher Newton, and Daniel Maxwell

exited from a context where they believed they were doing more good than harm – such as the Goma refugee crisis ( Terry, 2001 ) – there have always been plenty of other agencies willing to step in and fill the gap left behind, which simply removes those principled actors from the arena and replaces them with (presumably less principled) actors. But PM analysis likewise shines a new light on this issue as well – not simply the diversion of aid and funnelling it to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Hakim Khaldi

‘revolution’. With all the official channels closed, MSF went through a foreign journalist to make contact with the president of a local Syrian non-governmental organisation (NGO) that was providing assistance to Iraqi refugees. This NGO, which cannot be named here as it is still operating in Damascus, was part of a network supporting both official medical establishments (like Shifa Hospital in Hama) and clandestine facilities via the tansikiyats (coordination committees

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Law and Politics of Responding to Attacks against Aid Workers
Julia Brooks and Rob Grace

Introduction ‘ I remember [years ago] being in a refugee camp in Syria, and when there were demonstrations and people picked up sticks and were throwing stones, and we were like, ‘Alright, that’s it, we’re withdrawing until they settle down.’ We withdrew for two days until they came and apologised and then we went back in again. Sticks and stones are a piece of cake compared to what we face now. ’ 1 Relayed by a humanitarian worker interviewed for this article, the quote paints a vivid portrait of the way that many humanitarians view the shifting nature

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe

years later, you don’t find many people who claim to have been formed by the Nigeria experience in the field. You find them already quite high up in organisations ( Taithe, 2016 ). So it’s interesting that they do exist, but they are already, in the space of 10 years, regarded as old hands. Quite a few of them are in decisional roles or in major positions. For example the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees from 1986 until 1989, Jean-Pierre Hocké, was an ex

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Jeffrey Flynn

and Rodogno (2016) extend their analysis up to recent images of 3-year-old Syrian refugee Alan Kurdi, whose body washed up on a Turkish beach in September 2015. 2 For a trenchant analysis of race and humanitarian imagery, see Benton (2016) . 3 On the general problem with images of ‘innocent’ suffering, see Ticktin (2020) and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Dominique Marshall

organizations’ legitimacy, and gave strength and knowledge to international advocacy and diplomacy. The massive success of the early 1980s aid campaigns to alleviate famine in Ethiopia, and to aid refugees from dictatorships in Latin America, gave a new impetus to the creation of public institutions that would sustain the popular appeal for development aid between times of emergencies ( Ermisch, 2015 ; Hutchinson, 1997 ). Among CIDA officials, efforts to ‘insert foreign aid into the collective consciousness of Canada’ ( Cogan, 2018 : 177) were also, and more immediately

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Valérie Gorin

exactly what happened to refugees at sea who drown. That kind of evidence is powerful as an advocacy tool, but it is also used in court. MD: The access campaign was essentially about shaming and making people feel guilty about what they do, the profit margins in the pharmaceutical market. It had a logic, like removing a law. What’s interesting in some of that naming and shaming is that it’s a way of getting people to act in certain ways. I heard feedback from someone who was passing on to me information that he had heard directly from high level Sudanese for that

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Politics of ‘Proximity’ and Performing Humanitarianism in Eastern DRC
Myfanwy James

need for operational ‘proximity’ to, as well as performative distance from, everyday social and political dynamics. Background MSF in North Kivu In North Kivu, international aid organisations installed themselves en masse after the influx of Rwandan refugees in 1994. The urban landscape of its capital, Goma, has been dramatically reshaped in consequence, while a range of NGOs have established projects in rural areas. The medical humanitarian organisation, MSF, has a long history in the region, having opened its first project in DRC in 1977. Today, three

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

both the need to be ‘where it’s happening’ (whether a refugee camp, the scene of killings or an Ebola treatment centre) and the need to limit the financial cost of such travel. Access problems are not unique to the DRC. ‘If, as a journalist, I want to know more of what is going on inside Angola or Sudan – because I smell a good story – I have no alternative but to draw on the resources of an aid organisation involved,’ noted William F. (Bill) Deedes, a

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Arjun Claire

to resist or change social or political wrong through either ‘contained or transgressive tactics, excluding political violence’ (Global Activism, Ruth Reitan, 2007). 2 Re-assertion of state sovereignty was also linked to the fact that pre-1989 MSF often worked on the margins of conflicts/refugees, as opposed to directly inside, thus bringing our public critiques and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs