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Alan Ford

4 • Scottish Protestant clergy and the origins of dissent in Ireland alan ford ‘The origins of dissent’ is in many respects an old-fashioned title, redolent of the innumerable articles in Victorian Baptist journals with titles like ‘Pioneers of Congregationalism’. Such scholarship is readily classifiable: it represents what has been labelled ‘vertical history’ – the history of a particular church, usually written by an ‘insider’ ‘which has been all about origins, title-deeds, pedigree and descent’.1 It is a notable feature of those religious traditions that

in The Scots in early Stuart Ireland
‘For spirit and adventure’
Author: Angela McCarthy

Between 1921 and 1965, Irish and Scottish migrants continued to seek new homes abroad. This book examines the experience of migration and settlement in North America and Australasia. It goes beyond traditional transnational and diasporic approaches, usually focused on two countries, and considers a range of destinations in which two migrant groups settled. The book aims to reclaim individual memory from within the broad field of collective memory to obtain 'glimpses into the lived interior of the migration processes'. The propaganda relating to emigration emanating from both Ireland and Scotland posited emigration as draining the life-blood of these societies. It then discusses the creation of collective experiences from a range of diverse stories, particularly in relation to the shared experiences of organising the passage, undertaking the voyage out, and arriving at Ellis Island. The depiction at the Ellis Island Museum is a positive memory formation, emphasising the fortitude of migrants. Aware that past recollections are often shaped by contemporary concerns, these memories are also analysed within the broader context in which remembering takes place. The book then examines migrant encounters with new realities in New Zealand, Australia, and Canada. The formal nature of ethnic and national identities for Irish and Scottish migrants, as exhibited by language, customs, and stereotypes, is also explored. The novelty of alleged Irish and Scottish characteristics emphasised in accounts presumably goes some way to explaining the continued interest among the children of migrants. These ongoing transnational connections also proved vital when migrants considered returning home.

David Edwards

1 • Scottish officials and secular government in early Stuart Ireland1 david edwards It is an established fact that the accession to the English throne in March 1603 of James Stuart, king of Scotland, was marked by the emergence of a new political rhetoric in the British Isles, one emphasising the communal bonds that existed between English and Scots. As historians have shown, in London and Edinburgh the air was filled with talk of Anglo-Scottish union.2 Building on a shared language, English, and a common religious culture, Protestantism, senior figures in

in The Scots in early Stuart Ireland
The Scottish Isles and the Stewart empire
Martin MacGregor

A monograph on Gaelic Scotland and James VI and I remains a desideratum, for all the evident richness of the theme. Donald Gregory’s old narrative is still remarkably serviceable, but raises immediately the problem of the west Highlands and Islands standing proxy for the whole. 1 Gregory’s focus on the west means that, to cite two obvious examples, he barely discusses the major Acts of Parliament of 1587 and 1594, which sought to ensure the answerability of clan society before the law, or the repression of the MacGregors. The strength of the scholarly

in The plantation of Ulster
The case of Sir Frederick Hamilton
Aoife Duignan

8 • The Scottish response to the 1641 rebellion in Connacht: the case of Sir Frederick Hamilton1 aoife duignan Sir Frederick Hamilton encapsulates the complexities of the Scottish presence in early seventeenth-century Ireland. Despite a strong Catholic strain in his immediate family background, Hamilton staunchly defended Protestant interests in a politico-military career that spanned the Irish, British and European stages. The current focus is one episode in a colourful public life – Hamilton’s military response to the outbreak of violence in north Connacht

in The Scots in early Stuart Ireland
A reconsideration
Craig Smith

Since the 1970s the Scottish Enlightenment has become the subject of study across a range of branches of intellectual history. The development of this scholarship occurred alongside the moves in the history of political thought that stressed the need to recover the republican or civic humanist vocabulary of politics that had been obscured by an excessive focus on the natural law

in The many lives of corruption
Martha McGill and Alasdair Raffe

For early modern Scots, the doctrine of providence – the claim that God actively governed his Creation – expressed basic truths about the universe. God was both creator and maintainer, legislator and executive. He defined the goal or end of human existence, while intervening in the daily lives of his creatures. He oversaw the affairs of princes and armies, and was also responsible for the most mundane of occurrences. As Scottish preachers reminded their congregations, Matthew’s gospel taught that even the most insignificant sparrow ‘shall not fall on the ground

in The supernatural in early modern Scotland
Shiona Chillas, Melinda Grewar, and Barbara Townley

This chapter analyses culture and enterprise with reference to the Scottish textiles, tartan and tweed. These cloths juxtapose the culturally infused heritage of indigenous textiles with the seasonal rhythms of fashion and enterprise. Although the fashion industry operates in highly structured and differentiated markets, ordered around the symbolic value of garments produced, the distinctive features of the industry render it highly uncertain. 1 It is time-sensitive, notoriously fickle, and increasingly fragmented. 2 By contrast, notions of tradition and

in European fashion
Jane Ridder- Patrick

During the early modern period in Scotland, as in Europe and beyond, the concepts and symbolism of astrology were tightly woven into the prevailing world view. Astrology can be defined as any theory, practice or belief that draws inferences from, or parallels between, events and patterns in the sky and events and circumstances on earth. Its use of the sky – the ‘heavens’ in contemporary parlance – meant that it linked the supernatural and natural worlds. There was scarcely an aspect of contemporary life that astrology did not inform. Its imagery was found in

in The supernatural in early modern Scotland
Julian Goodare

What would it feel like to be visited frequently by a companion from another world? Or even to be taken away to visit another world? In early modern Scotland, there is a good deal of evidence for visionaries who experienced relationships with spirits. These visionaries were ordinary people who had extraordinary experiences, and who often gained special powers as a result. Most of the visionaries, though not all, were women. Most of the spirits were fairies or ghosts. The ghosts were usually experienced as male, while the fairy queen was important to several

in The supernatural in early modern Scotland