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Paul Currion

internally but lack any mandate to ensure their adoption across organisational boundaries. Institutional donors do not and should not have the authority to command implementing organisations to adopt specific innovations, since they themselves lack any mechanism to decide which innovations should be adopted; and the capacity of implementing organisations to innovate will continue to be limited by the fact that they have no metric to determine the allocation of resources to those innovations

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Military Tactic or Collateral Damage?
Abdulkarim Ekzayez and Ammar Sabouni

remanent health infrastructure and equipment and the humanitarian health resources – adopted a new bottom-up approach to build a hybrid and kinetic health system that is currently functioning as an autonomous local health authority in the region. For example, Idleb Health Directorate was able to maintain its role as the main health authority in Idleb governorate without being affiliated with the Interim Syrian government that operate from Turkey, nor with the Salvation Government that is affiliated with Hayat Tahrir Al Sham. The military actors have been avoiding major

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The Politics of Information and Analysis in Food Security Crises
Daniel Maxwell and Peter Hailey

X X Data are frequently missing from analyses – in particular nutrition/mortality data, population data and displacement data. Mortality information is the most politically charged kind, and very frequently not available because authorities do not permit its collection, especially in conflict-driven crises, such as Yemen, South Sudan

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Law and Politics of Responding to Attacks against Aid Workers
Julia Brooks and Rob Grace

the NGO for which he worked had a policy against the use of military escorts. Yet, in a context where, due to the insecure nature of the field environment, the use of military escorts was ‘the only way authorities would accept movement’, they reached a creative solution by which the NGO travelled behind the armed convoy, ten minutes later. Another interviewee described similar dynamics at play during a hostage situation. The NGO he worked for had a policy precluding payment to secure hostages’ release, but in practice during hostage negotiations, the organisation

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Megan Daigle, Sarah Martin, and Henri Myrttinen

the racialised ‘other’ of the ‘local’ man. The ratcheting securitisation of aid has brought with it exclusionary security practices that serve to entrench boundaries between humanitarians and the local populations they purport to serve ( Autesserre, 2014 ). Chisholm (2016) notes how whiteness is intimately intertwined with claims to authority in privatised security, which reinforces the colonial model of aid, with ‘international

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe

authorities hired Markpress in spring 1968, and only after Markpress invited foreign journalists to tour the region in April 1968, that the narrative of the crisis was transformed into what we have already discussed. Having said that, I think it is important not to lose sight of how this universalising narrative was interpreted differently in different national contexts. One of the key lessons that Biafra holds for contemporary humanitarian campaigning lies in understanding why and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

provincial authorities in exchange for political posts or posts within the military apparatus’. While such wording is longer and no doubt more tedious, it would at least not lull our readers with magical thinking about ‘peace’ being built. The fact that journalists draw liberally from the diplomatic well when it comes to war contexts was confirmed by a Le Monde veteran who had done some reporting in Goma in 1996, whom I interviewed for a study ( Brabant, 2011 ). As he explained

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Mel Bunce

al-Bashir, had overseen the killing of 400,000 citizens in Darfur – double the 200,000 deaths estimated by other experts ( de Waal, 2007 ). The adverts were ultimately ruled misleading by the British Advertising Standards Authority; this was an embarrassing outcome that played directly into the hands of the Sudanese government and its allegations that Western groups were exaggerating the scale of the conflict ( Mamdani, 2007 ). In addition to their own campaign content, NGOs consistently and actively seek to influence journalists and their

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Brad Evans

), Negotiations: 1972–1990 ( New York : Columbia University Press ). Derrida , J. ( 1992 ), ‘ Force of Law: The “Mystical Foundation of Authority” ’, in Cornell , D. , Rosenfeld , M. and Carlson , D. G. (eds), Deconstruction and the Possibility of Justice ( New York : Routledge ). Duffield , M. ( 2001 ), Global Governance and the New Wars: The Merging of Development and Security ( London : Zed Books ). Duffield , M. ( 2005 ), ‘ Getting Savages to Fight Barbarians: Development, Security and the Colonial Present ’, Conflict, Security

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

problems. There are a great many political sensitivities and widespread opposition to camps, and local authorities may balk at any form of building that suggests permanent settlement ( McConnachie, 2016 ; Turner, 2016 ; UNHCR, 2014 ; van der Borght and Philips, 1995 ). If we look at the response to the civil war in Syria, for example, only a minority of refugees ended up living in purpose-built accommodation or large planned encampments due to such sensitivities

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs