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In search of political leadership
Shizuka Oshitani

number of successes. The EST, however, soon faced a financial crisis. The government originally intended to finance it until the gas and electricity markets were fully liberalised in 1998,4 with contributions from British Gas and the RECs, which in turn would impose a levy on gas and electricity bills in the form of an ‘E’ factor. The ‘E’ factor was a brainchild of the first Director-General of Ofgas, the regulator for the gas industry, Sir James McKinnon. The levy would be passed onto consumers only when the Director-General judged that the energy efficiency programmes

in Global warming policy in Japan and Britain
Aeron Davis

dinners, you speak at conferences, and you build up a network. As you build your network up, the value of a network is working that network. And for these wider business networkers, the links spread across government too. They came into frequent contact with ministers, civil servants and regulators. This would be for direct lobbying or regulator negotiations but also as invited contributors for government task forces or policy discussion forums. Sir Ian Cheshire of B&Q, who seemed to know

in Reckless opportunists
Global prospects for the development of co-operatives as instruments of consumer- centred health care
Vern Hughes

infirm members, assisting in transport for the immobile, and assisting in ­home-care s­upports. The Society’s desire to self-regulate in developing consumer well-being was constrained, however, by inappropriate external regulators. For eighty years, the Society combined a general membership ­subscription covering medical and pharmacy services, and an insurance membership subscription covering hospital services. The two functions could never be fully integrated because of external regulatory impediments. The Australian health insurance regulator from the 1940s insisted

in Mainstreaming co-operation
Jonathan Benthall

Ireland, but that was regularly accused of spending some of the funds on weapons until the Irish Republican Army accepted the peace process in 1996. Violent movements will continue to find ways to equip themselves with weapons, but the charity sector is under increasing scrutiny by watchdog organizations such as the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), by national regulators and by

in Islamic charities and Islamic humanism in troubled times
Derek Paget

-transmission’. Calling this ‘one of the liberal­isings of regulation’, he told me: the new situation is a huge bonus to us, it avoids what lawyers used to call prior restraint – at the same time you do have to second guess as you go along what the regulator’s position might be two months down the track. But, although the print media have tended to call the new system ‘self-regulation’, McBride demurs from this view, alleging that some of the problems with docudrama have simply been moved elsewhere: There is an independent regulator who can visit substantial sanctions on you. So some

in No other way to tell it
Open Access (free)
Duncan Wilson

should move to the Care Quality Commission, while its research licensing work and the functions of the HTA were to be absorbed by ‘a new super-regulator’.55 After the coalition approved the Rawlins report in its March 2011 budget, it announced that this super-regulator would be a new Health Research Authority, which was established in December 2011 and began work on creating ‘a unified approval process’ for biomedical research (after concerted appeals, the HFEA was ultimately saved from this ‘bonfire of the quangos’ in 2013).56 The government’s ‘simplification’ of the

in The making of British bioethics
The rise and fall of the Standards Board for England
David Hine and Gillian Peele

would be referred up to it by the SBE.2 The Act in its initial form did not last long. By 2008, the SBE was no longer a direct regulator but a strategic one. Originally it was the first destination for all complaints of breaches of the code. From 2008 it lost this role to the local standards committees. The moment of greatest centralisation passed quickly, and with it, after a delay, the SBE itself. In 2011, under the Localism Act, the SBE was abolished by the new coalition government as part of its ‘bonfire of the quangos’. The story is a story of failed institution

in The regulation of standards in British public life
Jonathan Bignell and Stephen Lacey

’ authored series ran up against the limits of this kind of ‘progressive’ intervention. The withdrawal of the programme’s sponsor, regulators’ investigations of complaints from interest groups about its sexual explicitness, and the question of who its audience may have been and how the programme may have addressed that audience, are considered. While Queer As Folk remains a landmark television drama in the ventilation of questions of sexuality and representation, attention to the text itself is insufficient without an understanding of the conditions that brought it to

in Popular television drama
Abstract only
Wyn Grant

about the impact of fracking for shale gas, after Britain’s advertising regulator found that the claims made could not be backed up with evidence. The Advertising Standards Authority ruling related to a fundraising leaflet that said that fracking increased the risk of cancer and asthma for local residents and would cause water contamination, plummeting house prices and higher insurance bills. The Charity Commission dropped an investigation into the claims after the environmental group told the regulator they had been made by its non-charitable arm. Does lobbying

in Lobbying
Open Access (free)
Oonagh McDonald

meeting at 7.15 am New York time, Diamond had discovered problems with its regulators, the Financial Services Authority (FSA). Less than an hour later, Diamond and Varley informed Geithner, Christopher Cox and Paulson that they had just discovered that the FSA would not support the deal. Barclays, Paulson pointed out, had assured them that they were keeping in touch with their regulators. Subsequently, Geithner and Cox conferred with Callum McCarthy, then the FSA chairman, who provided a cautious statement of the FSA's position. The FSA had neither approved nor

in Lehman Brothers