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Overview of conflict and assistance from 2001 to 2014
Eric James and Tim Jacoby

between organizational structure and individual agency, humanitarian ethics and the link between security and development. In Chapter 4 , attention shifted to the case study, examining the history of Afghanistan by deploying the three drivers of the military–humanitarian relationship first discussed in Chapter 2 . The purpose of this chapter is to describe the situation in

in The military-humanitarian complex in Afghanistan
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Philip Hammond

This chapter focuses on Operation Enduring Freedom: the US-led military action in Afghanistan, undertaken in response to the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks on the US. In justifying its military response, the US cited both the authority of the UN Security Council, which passed a resolution on 12 September 2001 describing the terrorist attacks as a ‘threat to international

in Framing post-Cold War conflicts
Eric James and Tim Jacoby

principles were important to most organizations working in Afghanistan but they were heavily influenced by the politically charged environment. Finally, humanitarians understood that they are part of the stability and state-building process in Afghanistan and, for that reason, those issues relating to co-option and politicization are less significant than is commonly assumed

in The military-humanitarian complex in Afghanistan
Authors: Eric James and Tim Jacoby

Over recent years, the relationship between humanitarians and the military has become especially controversial. Concerns over inefficient and duplicated assistance programs and the compromised security of relief workers have been regularly highlighted. Many point to ongoing tensions and polarized positions that seem to leave NGOs a stark choice between “neutrality” and co-option. Using Afghanistan as a case study, this book analyses this apparent duality. It puts forward five basic arguments. First, the history of the relationship extends prior to the birth of modern humanitarianism. Second, inter-organizational friction is common between groups and it does not always have a detrimental impact. Third, working with the military does not necessarily create more dangerous situations for NGOs. Fourth, humanitarian principles are not a fixed set of propositions, but evolve according to temporal and situational context. Finally, humanitarians are generally not co-opted, but rather willingly take part in political-military endeavors. In all, it is suggested that NGOs tend to change their policies and actions depending on the context. The book thus transcends the simple “for” or “against” arguments, leading to a more refined understanding of the relationship between NGOs and the military.

Eric James and Tim Jacoby

Introduction Afghanistan’s experiences with war and resistance, development and crisis, ideology and big-power politics have had powerful influences and serve as a backdrop to the military–humanitarian relationship. The country’s history has been well covered elsewhere and the features of it political history are summarized in Table 4

in The military-humanitarian complex in Afghanistan
Abstract only
Eric James and Tim Jacoby

Humanitarianism and war in Afghanistan On 4 June 2004, five staff members of the international NGO, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), were murdered in northwest Afghanistan. Within a month, the organization had withdrawn after more than two decades of providing assistance to the country. According to a senior MSF

in The military-humanitarian complex in Afghanistan
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A new perspective unfolds
Charlotte Wagnsson

argued that the UK, firmly united with the USA, would not rest until the evil of terrorism was driven from the world. 56 The leaders discussed at length the terrorists’’wickedness’, ‘fanaticism’ and lack of humanity, mercy and justice. 57 In order to provide an underpinning for the active British support of the US-led campaign in Afghanistan – which the UK joined on 7 October together with Australia

in Security in a greater Europe
Memory and security without visibility
Charlotte Heath-Kelly

terrorism on Afghan soil. These ‘horse soldiers’ of the War on Terror have now been immortalised in bronze. Paid for by Wall Street firms whose employees lost friends in the 9/11 attacks, as well as right-leaning celebrity activists and a movie producer, the statue stands at the entrance to the PATH station at the WTC site. The statue was intended to reify the glory of the US military but, I will suggest

in Death and security
Imogen Richards

MAK bureau, funded and supported by the US and its allies in the Afghan–Soviet War (1979–89). Following this, it considers that since the 1990s AQ has benefited from neoliberal partnerships between the US, wealthy Gulf states, and government-aligned individuals. Herein, it explores how the reality of these funding sources for AQ was obscured by the US-directed counterterrorist targeting of alternative remittance. In an account of AQ’s commercial activities, it emphasises the organisation’s exploitation of financial apparatus available in neoliberal environments

in Neoliberalism and neo-jihadism
Andreas Fischer- Lescano

reading: in the early morning of September 4, 2009, an American fighter jet responding to a call by German forces struck two fuel tankers in northern Afghanistan, killing more than seventy people, among them children and women. A number of investigations, including a committee of inquiry of the German Bundestag, subsequently sought to shed light on how the decision to order the airstrike was reached. The protocol of the hearing of Master Sergeant W. (codenamed “Red Baron,” he was in charge of radio communications that night) shows how unwillingly the decision

in Law and violence