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Caroline Sturdy Colls and Kevin Simon Colls

July 1941, Sector Group I/14 of the Fortress Engineers ( Abschnittgruppen I/14 , Festungspionierstab ) came to Alderney to undertake construction works. 12 Accompanied by a contingent of Belgian forced labourers, they were tasked with the construction of camps (described in Chapters 3 – 6 ) to house the large number of workers set to arrive on the island. A group of Moroccan and Algerian labourers given over to the Germans by the French Vichy government also arrived in a poor state of dress

in 'Adolf Island'
Caroline Sturdy Colls and Kevin Simon Colls

artillery to the guns, and for propaganda’. For this, they were reportedly starved, tortured, and made to live in damp cells for six and ten months respectively. 67 Beatings appear to have been common. Ivan Makarenko provided information on his mistreatment which took the form of ‘very little food’ and being regularly ‘beaten by warders’. 68 Algerian prisoners were also physically abused. 69 At least four men housed in the prison were from the neighbouring Channel Islands – Eric Charles Kibble

in 'Adolf Island'
Abstract only
Into the ‘tunnel of death’
Caroline Sturdy Colls and Kevin Simon Colls

, its inmate demographic changed dramatically. In August, September and October 1943, more than 800 individuals were sent to the camp. 36 This included French citizens and individuals from other countries who were arrested in France, including a group of North African prisoners (from Morocco, Tunisia and especially Algeria) ( Chapter 1 ). 37 Benoit Luc provides a comprehensive review of the French prisoners sent to Norderney in his book Les Déportes de France vers Aurigny: 1942–1944 and has

in 'Adolf Island'

. 66 The men comprised Germans from the army, navy, air force, as well as prison officials and four men believed to be SS guards. A total of 137 Georgian auxiliaries belonging to the East Legion of the German army were also present, fifteen of whom were found incarcerated in the island prison along with a number of former labourers – a Frenchman, two Algerians, three Moroccans and three Italian POWs – all accused of stealing food. Also present were 47 ‘Russian’ POWs, 30 Spaniards, 27 Italians

in 'Adolf Island'
Jes Wienberg

1973, was the US, which had also played a central role in the whole process (cf. Batisse & Bolla 2003 (French): 32, 89; 2005 (English): 29, 85) – as one of the world’s two superpowers at that time, serving as a model for others. In 1974, a further nine countries followed – Egypt (7 February), Iraq (5 March), Bulgaria (7 March), Sudan (6 June), Algeria (24 June), Australia (22 August), Democratic Republic of the Congo (23 September), Nigeria (23 October), and Niger (23 December). By the end of 1974, 10 (7.2 %) of the UN’s then 138 member states had ratified the

in Heritopia