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Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

in 1859, leaving more than 30,000 dead and wounded in a single day of combat. Henry Dunant, a Swiss citizen who was trying to get in contact with Napoleon III to request a concession in Algeria, came upon the battlefield and the dying, and the spectacle shocked the fervent evangelical (he was one of the founders of the Young Men’s Christian Association, later known as the YMCA). Dunant took an active part in organising first aid for the wounded, regardless of nationality

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Emmanuelle Strub

available. It wasn’t until 2013, when two ACTED employees were kidnapped in an area of Syria where we were also present, that the directorate and Board of Directors met to set up a crisis unit. Task Two: Developing a Risk-Management Methodology for the Field From 2012, I organised one-day risk-analysis workshops during each of my visits (be it Colombia, Myanmar, Algeria, the Sahel or the Democratic Republic of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

and the Congo, or the British and Mau Mau, or the French in Algeria. As the Americans joined the fray post World War II (after Nazi Germany’s attempt to exterminate the Jews, and after the US dropped two atomic bombs on civilians without warning), we can fast-forward to the use of nerve agents in Vietnam, the mass bombing of civilians in Cambodia, the giving of a green light to the government in East Pakistan to commit genocide in what is now Bangladesh or the political support the US gave to Pinochet and the Khmer Rouge. We can go back to the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Author: Sara De Vido

The book explores the relationship between violence against women on one hand, and the rights to health and reproductive health on the other. It argues that violation of the right to health is a consequence of violence, and that (state) health policies might be a cause of – or create the conditions for – violence against women. It significantly contributes to feminist and international human rights legal scholarship by conceptualising a new ground-breaking idea, violence against women’s health (VAWH), using the Hippocratic paradigm as the backbone of the analysis. The two dimensions of violence at the core of the book – the horizontal, ‘interpersonal’ dimension and the vertical ‘state policies’ dimension – are investigated through around 70 decisions of domestic, regional and international judicial or quasi-judicial bodies (the anamnesis). The concept of VAWH, drawn from the anamnesis, enriches the traditional concept of violence against women with a human rights-based approach to autonomy and a reflection on the pervasiveness of patterns of discrimination (diagnosis). VAWH as theorised in the book allows the reconceptualisation of states’ obligations in an innovative way, by identifying for both dimensions obligations of result, due diligence obligations, and obligations to progressively take steps (treatment). The book eventually asks whether it is not international law itself that is the ultimate cause of VAWH (prognosis).

International humanitarian law in war movies
Martyna Fałkowska-Clarys and Vaios Koutroulis

civilian casualties. Although IHL and the principle of distinction are not discussed in the movie (the second part focuses on the criminal trial and procedure), it is clear that these are the rules underlying the conduct of the Danish forces during combat. The justifications pointing to military necessity are directly linked to IHL and used in order to excuse its violation. The same element is found in Gillo Pontecorvo’s The Battle of Algiers 38 on the Algerian War of Independence against France. The movie carefully illustrates the methods used by the Algerian

in Cinematic perspectives on international law
Serge Sur

US film knows, more and better than others, how to criticize some excessive uses of force, either in their principle or in their methods. For instance, the Vietnam war gave rise, very quickly after defeat, to a rush of US films showing the vacuity and the cruelty of this conflict. 39 Compared to the relative scarcity of French cinema about the Algerian war – a film such as La battaglia di Algeri 40 had to be produced in Italy and was censored in France for a long time – there is, here, an undeniable superiority of US democracy, founded on the First Amendment

in Cinematic perspectives on international law
Maurice Kamto

. ARB/00/4, Decision on Jurisdiction 52. 12 Consortium Groupement L.E.S.I.-DIPENTA v. People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria (10 January 2005) ICSID Case No. ARB/03/8, Award 3. 13 Mr. Patrick Mitchell v. Democratic

in African perspectives in international investment law
Hilary Charlesworth and Christine Chinkin

occupation of the Western Sahara has forced many Saharawi people into refugee camps in Algeria. The refugees are predominantly female. 102 Through their role in the liberation struggle as played out in the camps, Saharawi women have made considerable political, social and educational progress. 103 The National Union of Saharawi women was created in 1979 on the initiative of the

in The boundaries of international law
Jean-Baptiste Merlin

comes to activities related to natural resources undertaken by an administering Power, also recognising that such aspect remained controversial. 66 As part of the negotiation process under United Nations auspices, the reactions of Morocco and Algeria to the legal opinion 67 and the subsequent practice of the United Nations, in particular the Secretary-General and the Security Council, seem to have followed the findings of the Legal Counsel, 68 and thus the legal opinion can arguably be counted as contributing to the consolidation and clarification of the principle

in International organisations, non-State actors, and the formation of customary international law
Hilary Charlesworth and Christine Chinkin

often has particularly deleterious consequences for women. Successful wars of ‘liberation’ or self-determination, for example, often result in the assertion of a new national identity that may relegate women to a limited, private sphere, as occurred in Algeria in the 1950s 64 and is most evident in the 1990s in Afghanistan. The prolonged fighting in Afghanistan from the mid-1980s produced, in 1997, an

in The boundaries of international law