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Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

in 1859, leaving more than 30,000 dead and wounded in a single day of combat. Henry Dunant, a Swiss citizen who was trying to get in contact with Napoleon III to request a concession in Algeria, came upon the battlefield and the dying, and the spectacle shocked the fervent evangelical (he was one of the founders of the Young Men’s Christian Association, later known as the YMCA). Dunant took an active part in organising first aid for the wounded, regardless of nationality

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Emmanuelle Strub

available. It wasn’t until 2013, when two ACTED employees were kidnapped in an area of Syria where we were also present, that the directorate and Board of Directors met to set up a crisis unit. Task Two: Developing a Risk-Management Methodology for the Field From 2012, I organised one-day risk-analysis workshops during each of my visits (be it Colombia, Myanmar, Algeria, the Sahel or the Democratic Republic of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

and the Congo, or the British and Mau Mau, or the French in Algeria. As the Americans joined the fray post World War II (after Nazi Germany’s attempt to exterminate the Jews, and after the US dropped two atomic bombs on civilians without warning), we can fast-forward to the use of nerve agents in Vietnam, the mass bombing of civilians in Cambodia, the giving of a green light to the government in East Pakistan to commit genocide in what is now Bangladesh or the political support the US gave to Pinochet and the Khmer Rouge. We can go back to the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Amikam Nachmani

politician led the country – appointed, ruled, and ended his tenure through democratic and parliamentary procedures. True, Necmettin Erbakan stayed in office for less than a year, and the democratic procedures were of the Turkish democratic kind in which the military is the shield defending democracy. Still, neither the country’s politics nor its ambience were Islamically altered when Turkey chose a Muslim politician for Prime Minister. Predictions are a precarious business; still, Turkey is not going to be Islamized à la Iran, Algeria or Afghanistan. Neither does the

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Abstract only
The retreat of the Serbian army and civilians in 1915–16
Danilo Šarenac

Factory retreated to Corfu from where, at the request of the French government, they were sent to France in order to replace French workers who had been ­mobilised. Other workers were also in great demand.49 A group of 29 young men and boys worked in a mine in Algeria where they were ­ relatively well paid. When conditions deteriorated they looked for work elsewhere, but the French administration prevented them from leaving strategically important employment.50 Many refugees opposed being sent to Africa in the first place, but their complaints fell on deaf ears. Dozens

in Europe on the move
Open Access (free)
Amikam Nachmani

-dweller – yesterday’s villager – is less drawn to Islam and its attractions. 18 A review of the history and nature of political Islam in Turkey – for example, the rise to power of the Welfare Party under Necmettin Erbakan and its brief tenure there – reveals that the threat the Islamic parties posed to Turkey’s identity was significantly less than the authorities feared. There was a huge difference between Turkey’s Islamic parties and the radical militant Muslim parties of Iran and Algeria, and it is not by chance that Turkey is rarely mentioned in surveys

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Helen Thompson

heavy for the Fourth Republic to bear. In trying to finance industrial growth, a welfare state and wars in Vietnam and Algeria, successive governments took inflationary risks and ran significant budget deficits, ensuring persistent balance-of-payments problems and swelling illegal capital flight. By 1957, the state’s finances were in crisis as ministers struggled to agree a budget with the Assembly whilst currency reserves were exhausted. In January 1958, the government, led by Félix Gaillard, procured a new American loan. The next month, French bombers destroyed a

in Might, right, prosperity and consent
Amikam Nachmani

the continuation of French rule in Algeria. In 1958, when the American marines landed in Beirut, one of the objectives of the operation was to remove a pro-Soviet Syrian-Nasserist threat to Turkey’s south. At the time, Turkey looked on in dread at the Soviet takeover of the Middle East. There were no lack of examples: the July 1958 coup in Iraq led by Abdul Karim Kassim; the Soviet penetration of Syria and Egypt by means of the Czech–Egyptian arms deal and Soviet financing of the Aswan Dam; the instability of pro-Western regimes in Jordan and

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Garret FitzGerald

and Algeria, and in Portuguese Africa amongst other areas, European colonial powers at first sought vainly to hang on to colonial power that in some of these cases gave them control of important natural resources, but eventually they reluctantly came to terms with a new kind of world composed exclusively of independent sovereign states. Gradually Europeans came to accept that their future role outside their own continent would be one no longer of domination and exploitation. Instead they came to accept MUP_Hume_Peacemaking.indd 113 11/10/2013 15:25 114 Garret

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
Ahmad H. Sa’di

protect newly established Jewish settlements that were physically and organizationally weak by preventing Palestinians from passing through their lands. (ibid.:7–8) Another goal to which Shoham alluded but did not elaborate upon was the transfer of Palestinians should an opportunity for such a move emerge: They know that we shall not act like the Mandatory government in the 1937 events or similar to the way the French act in Algeria. Our way will be either us or them, therefore they are very cautious. (The Arab Affairs’ Committee, 14 August 1958:4) Indeed, in line

in Thorough surveillance