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In the 1940s, the British king, the Dutch queen and the Japanese emperor reigned over colonial possessions in Asia, whose ‘protected’ indigenous monarchs included Indian and Himalayan maharajas, Shan princes in Burma, and sultans in the Malay states and the Dutch East Indies, as well as the Vietnamese emperor and the Cambodian and Lao king in the French republican empire, and the ‘white raja’ of Sarawak. Decolonisation posed the question about the form of government to be adopted in successor states to the colonial empires and about the fate of local dynasties. As their possessions gained independence, the European and Japanese monarchies also had to adapt to a post-imperial world. This collection of original essays by an international group of distinguished historians argues that the institution of monarchy, and individual monarchs, occupied key roles in the process of decolonisation. It analyses the role of monarchy (both foreign and indigenous) in the late colonial period and with decolonisation. It examines the post-colonial fate of thrones buffeted and sometimes destroyed by republicanism and radicalism. It assesses the ways that surviving dynasties and the descendants of abolished dynasties have adapted to new social and political orders, and it considers the legacies left by extant and defunct dynasties in contemporary Asia.

Abstract only
John M. MacKenzie

Imperial museums in Asia were unquestionably distinctive compared with those of the territories of white settlement. Despite similarities in foundation, cultural and historical, social and economic differences produced contrasting characteristics. In the first place, western-style Asian museums developed out of the foundation of the Asiatic(k) Society of Bengal in Calcutta

in Museums and empire
Donald F. Lach and Theodore Nicholas Foss

as backdrops for their compositions and to decorate their fictitious characters and imaginary places with mysterious, enchanting or comical names of Asian origin. To writers of fiction, the travel books offered between two covers ideas and sources on many peoples and places. The literary man could travel from Calicut, to Peru, to Zipangu without leaving his chair. The first of the great travel

in Asia in Western fiction
Robert Aldrich and Cindy McCreery

Monarchies and Decolonisation in Asia is the third volume we have edited for Manchester University Press’s ‘Studies in Imperialism’ series around the previously understudied theme of monarchy – the institution of the crown, the activities of individual sovereigns and other members of royal families, and the culture of royalty – in colonial contexts. The chapters in Crowns and Colonies revealed some of the ways European and non-European monarchies came into contact around the world in the colonial age, particularly at the time that imperial powers were

in Monarchies and decolonisation in Asia
Decolonisation and imperial legacy
Shompa Lahiri

While empire in India formally ended in 1947, the migration of South Asians to Britain in the decades that followed continues to be an enduring reminder of Britain’s imperial past. This chapter explores how the legacies of empire became manifest in British attitudes and policies towards South Asians in their midst, as well as South Asian responses to the British and Britain

in British culture and the end of empire
Some insights into a provincial British commercial network
Anthony Webster

Liverpool and the Asian trade: a neglected field of study? The lasting historical image of Liverpool is of the great Atlantic port, the gateway to Africa, the West Indies and the Americas, importing sugar, tobacco and raw cotton for the households and mills of the industrial north, and exporting the yarn and piece goods of Manchester and the textile towns of Lancashire

in The empire in one city?
Daniel Owen Spence

Part III Southeast Asia

in Colonial naval culture and British imperialism, 1922–67
Abstract only
Daniel Owen Spence

Part IV East Asia

in Colonial naval culture and British imperialism, 1922–67
John M. MacKenzie

The international agreement of 1933 marked an important stage in the transformation of reserves into national parks. It was also a marker for the translation of African policies into Asia. The conservation movement gathered pace at a rather later date in Asia, for a number of reasons

in The Empire of Nature
Georgina Sinclair

Threatening the survival of the British Empire during the post-war years was the spread of communism and the growth of the cold war. Southeast Asia appeared to be the immediate communist target, with British rule in Malaya, Singapore and Hong Kong coming under threat. By the late 1940s, Malaya had become one of Britain’s highest dollar earners, producing high-calibre tin and

in At the end of the line