concerning charters and charter studies see Acts of Welsh Rulers , ed. Pryce, pp. xxiii–xlv, 1– 2, and notes to individual documents. 5 Griffiths, ‘Native society’; D. H. Williams, The Welsh Cistercians (2 vols, Caldey Island, Tenby: Cyhoeddiadau Sistersiaidd, 1984); Llandaff Charters ; J. Beverley Smith, ‘Land endowments of the period of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd’, BBCS , 24 (1970 – 72), 77 – 93. 6 David B. Crouch, ‘The slow death of kingship in Glamorgan’, Morgannwg , 29 (1985), 20 – 41; idem , ‘The March and the
. 4 J. E. Lloyd, rev. David E. Thornton, ‘Rhys ap Tewdwr (d. 1093), ruler in Wales’, ODNB . For more on Rhys, see Robert S. Babcock, ‘Rhys ap Tewdwr, king of Deheubarth’, ANS , 16 (1993), 21– 35; see also Huw Pryce, ‘In search of a medieval society: Deheubarth in the writings of Gerald of Wales’, WHR , 13 (1987), 265 – 81. 5 The extent to which this applied is controversial, especially following J. Beverley Smith’s reappraisal, ‘Dynastic succession in medieval Wales’, BBCS , 33 (1986), 199 – 232. 6 J. Wyn Evans
been reported in various media, including BBC local radio, and local and regional press, such as, for example, The Leader , a local paper which serves Flintshire. This paper’s version of her story featured as a lead headline on its front page under the headline ‘Our lost princess’, complete on one side of the headline with a misty, romantic-focus photograph of a girl and on the other a photograph of the commemorative headstone at Sempringham for Gwenllian. Inside, the paper described Gwenllian’s life and incarceration in the nunnery at Sempringham at the orders of
and Early Modern Studies , 31 (2001), 39 – 56, at p. 54. 21 Gerald of Wales, The Autobiography of Giraldus Cambrensis , ed. H. E. Butler (London: Jonathan Cape, 1937), pp. 35, 79. 22 J. Beverley Smith, ‘Dynastic succession in medieval Wales’, BBCS , 33 (1986), 199 – 232, at p. 208; D. Simon Evans, A Mediaeval Prince: The Life of Gruffudd ap Cynan (Felinfach: Llanerch, 1990), p. 5, note 36. 23 Davies, Age of Conquest , p. 115; T. M. Charles-Edwards, Early Irish and Welsh Kinship
of the BBC Radio Wales Millennium History series, The People of Wales (1999); idem , ‘Medieval experiences: Wales 1000 –1415’, in Gareth Elwyn Jones and Dai Smith (eds), The People of Wales (Llandysul: Gwasg Gomer, 2000).
Historians have argued that after 1179 Henry II spent a significant amount of money on Dover castle to turn it into the ‘show home’ of the English king. It certainly seems to have been used specifically for important visitors after this date. John Gillingham, ‘The King and the Castle: How Henry II Rebuilt His Reputation’, BBC History Magazine , August