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The archaeology and history of an English leprosarium and almshouse
Simon Roffey

tenth century. The curing of leprosy sufferers features regularly in some of the hagiographic and homiletic writings of the late Anglo-Saxon period, 16 and various medical treatises exist from the late ninth and tenth century, including the Old English Herbarium ; the Lacnunga ; and Bald’s Leechbook , a work with possible Winchester connections. More significantly, archaeology is providing a growing body of evidence for the organised burial of leprosy sufferers in the late Saxon period. At Norwich, excavations in the medieval churchyard of Saint John’s Timberhill

in Leprosy and identity in the Middle Ages
Natural science and intellectual disability
Irina Metzler

tenth-century Anglo-Saxon scribe Cild and his recipes, some of which concern herbal concoctions to be drunk, sometimes out of special vessels such as church bells, with similar remedies for the ‘feeble-minded’. 136 Drinking out of a church bell is in Bald’s Leechbook, but is applied for a demoniac and not an idiot as Walker had erroneously claimed. 137 Another recipe by Bald appears to be more promising: ‘Against mental vacancy [ ungemynde ] and against folly [ dysgunge ]; put into ale bishopwort, lupins, betony, the southern or Italian fennel, nepte, water agrimony

in Fools and idiots?