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Laura Cahillane

4 British reaction to the Draft Constitution The draft Constitution presented to the British by the Provisional Government was noteworthy for its emphasis on democratic ideals and popular sovereignty. It was not content to slavishly follow British models and contained a number of striking innovations.1 Introduction: the Collins–de Valera Pact During the period of the drafting of the Constitution, there were discussions as to when the general election required by Article 17 of the Treaty would take place. Collins had made an agreement with de Valera in February

in Drafting the Irish Free State Constitution
The Aid Industry and the ‘Me Too’ Movement
Charlotte Lydia Riley

(characterised by many participants as #AidToo), with a focus on British organisations. I argue that the aid industry exists in a historical, social and political space that is particularly volatile when it comes to sexual abuse, harassment and assault. The power hierarchies of the industry make it difficult to call out this abuse and easy to cover it up – powerful men are protected by their image as humanitarian saviours and enabled by organisations that rely on public goodwill for

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Lachlan McIver, Maria Guevara, and Gabriel Alcoba

( 2021 ), ‘ Our open letter on the UK cuts: A tragic blow for “global Britain” and the world’s most vulnerable people ’, 29 April , https://unitingtocombatntds.org/news/a-tragic-blow-for-global-britain-and-the-worlds-most-vulnerable-people/ (accessed 19 October 2021 ). Weiss , D

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe

March 1968 [ Farmar, 2002] . Canadian engagement with the crisis was reliant on similar, faith-based connections. The links that Presbyterians, for example, had established in the East in the 1950s – including, importantly, with some of the Biafran leadership – were significant in the birth of Canairelief in late 1968 [ Bangarth, 2016] . The major British NGOs – particularly Oxfam and Save the Children – also worked alongside, and provided funding for projects run by

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Fabrice Weissman

to turn it into a political issue, which runs the risk of raising the stakes. On the other hand, by endowing the hostages with greater commercial and political value, mobilisation campaigns may serve to protect their lives and pressure those with the power to facilitate their release. British journalists have noted that the lack of information and public advocacy on behalf of aid workers David Haines and Allan Henning, who were abducted in Syria by

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Mel Bunce

to delineate the two. When the celebrated British philosopher Onora O’Neill gave the 2002 Reith lectures, she predicted these challenges to come: It is quite clear that the very technologies that spread information so easily and efficiently are every bit as good at spreading misinformation and disinformation… [people] may not heed available evidence and can mount loud and assertive campaigns for or against one or another position whether the available evidence goes for or against their views. ( O’Neill, 2002

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

to beg for Emperor Louis Napoleon’s help in saving his colonial investments. We can look at the use by German forces in the 1870 Franco-Prussian war of the Red Cross as a bombing target, or the contrast between The Hague Conventions and the use of poison gas during World War I, or prior to that the creation of a concentration camp system by the British in South Africa. Indeed, we can go back to the famines the British at worst engineered, and at best tolerated, in India, killing millions of people. Or the Germans and the Herero, or the Belgians

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Jeffrey Flynn

nightmarish natural disasters, the suffering of slaves, or the horrors of war. Within weeks of the 1755 Lisbon earthquake that destroyed much of the city and killed thousands, woodcuts and engravings portraying the horrific event were everywhere in Europe. It was one of the ‘first great mass media events’ ( Sliwinski, 2011 : 88). Decades later, British abolitionists would disseminate the disturbing graphic of bodies packed into the hull of a slave ship, often viewed as a 3-dimensional model. Goya did

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Visual Politics and Narratives of Red Cross Museums in Europe and the United States, 1920s to 2010s
Sönke Kunkel

within the humanitarian sector. But this should not blind out the fact that there’s a lively museum scene beyond Geneva which has grown steadily over the last thirty, forty years. In the UK, the British Red Cross showed a small exhibit at its headquarters, then in Surrey, already some time before the Geneva museum opened, and hired a professional archivist by the mid 1980s. A few years later, it added a professional curator to the team, and, over time, developed a new public

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Valérie Gorin

Introduction Humanitarian films in the 1920s served to blame or impel audiences, without naming or shaming perpetrators most of the time. Instead of being proper political advocacy, early humanitarian cinema displayed more educational advocacy, which aims to impose a transformative agenda based on solidarity. Advocacy developed more systematically as a form of humanitarian communication in the 1970s and 1980s. It was influenced by the French and British schools of humanitarianism ( Dolan, 1992 ; Edwards, 1993 ; Gorin, 2018 ). While British NGOs such as

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs