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Coins and the creation of new national identities
Catherine Eagleton

, but also because many countries maintained strong business links with Britain and the sterling area. 5 Moreover, although many have interpreted Nkrumah’s actions in putting himself on the new coins as evidence of resistance and redefinition, and as showing Ghana’s separation from Britain and from colonial rule, there was also opposition within Ghana – more than in Britain or

in Cultures of decolonisation
Roger II’s silver ducalis
Sarah Davis-Secord

across southern Italy, even closing in on the borders of Roman territory. He then retired to Ariano and issued a series of edicts, among them a coinage reform. No great fan of Roger II, Falco particularly disdained the king’s monetary policy. 2 He complained that the king made a twofold error: he both outlawed a good coin (the romesina ) and introduced a bad one (the silver ducat or ducalis ). 3 This ‘terrible edict’ brought poverty, death and misery to the entire population of Italy, according to Falco, and caused the locals to wish for Roger’s deposition or

in Rethinking Norman Italy
A case study from Counter-Reformation Spain
Katrina B. Olds

Local antiquaries and the expansive sense of the past: a case study from Counter-Reformation Spain 8 Katrina B. Olds Local Spanish antiquaries, like their counterparts elsewhere in early modern Europe, collected inscriptions, coins and other evidence of their communities’ origins, conflictive medieval past and glorious present. Yet they also apprehended the past from a comparatively expansive perspective, one that admitted Punic, Ibero-Celtic, Arabic and ‘Gothic’ evidence for consideration alongside Greco-Roman antiquities. During the seventeenth century

in Local antiquities, local identities
The Queen’s currency and imperial pedagogies on Australia’s south-eastern settler frontiers
Penelope Edmonds

For the Aboriginal people that Adeney met that day, probably Wathawurrung peoples of the Geelong area, the visage on the coin was merely that of a white woman. The encounter continued: ‘[W]‌here you quamby [sleep]?’ One of the Aboriginal men asked Adeney. ‘Geelong

in Mistress of everything
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Reading early modern illustrations
Stephen Orgel

Roman printer Giacomo Mazzocchi published a volume of portraits of famous ancients derived from his own coin collection; the book is discussed in an essay by Sean Keilen, who called it to my attention. 2 Each woodcut is provided with a brief biography by the distinguished historian of Roman antiquities Andrea Fulvio. The book, entitled simply Illustrium Imagines , appeared

in Spectacular Performances
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Tommy Dickinson

distribution of the disease. With more than 90 per cent of reported cases coming from intravenous drug users, gay and bisexual men, the community expressed not only its fears about contagion but also its moral judgement. Before the term ‘AIDS’ was first coined in 1982, it had been labelled ‘Gay Cancer’ or ‘GRID’ (Gay-related immune deficiency), and there was a strong sense that the condition was associated with sexual identity rather than sexual practice. Just under a decade after homosexuality had been demedicalised, the power of the medical profession was being brought

in ‘Curing queers’
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Carolyn Steedman

Makers of History161 7 Makers of History Serious historians care for coins and weapons, Not those re-iterations of one self-importance By whom they date them, Knowing that clerks could soon compose a model As manly as any of whom schoolmasters tell Their yawning pupils, With might-be maps of might-have-been campaigns, Showing in colour the obediences Before and after, Quotes from four-letter pep-talks to the troops And polysyllabic reasons to a Senate For breaking treaties. Simple to add how Greatness, incognito, Admired plain-spoken comment on itself By

in Poetry for historians
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Cultures of maritime technology
Frances Steel

national loyalties. Names also referenced the imperial significance of warships and symbolised the familial links between metropole (Sovereign) and colonies ( Good Hope, Dominion, Commonwealth and New Zealand ). When New Zealand commissioned a battle-cruiser in 1910, the Zealandia was coined to rename a ship called New Zealand and release that

in Oceania under steam
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Michael D. Leigh

Politics and religion were two sides of the same coin. Wesleyan missionaries went to Upper Burma for many and complex reasons but their main purpose was to convert Burmans to Christianity. One scholar described it as a ‘corrupting’ task. 1 Another suggested that giving ‘pagan souls the same cast as our own’ was to personalise imperialism. 2 Few missions achieved the conversion targets set for them by their societies. As a result mission histories are often histories of failure. 3 Conversion rates

in Conflict, politics and proselytism
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Louise Hill Curth

modern print culture and medical beliefs and practices, this book is divided into two main sections. The first part, on ‘Setting the Scene’, is meant to provide readers with what might be called ‘background’ information, which will provide a context for the second half. It begins with a discussion of the ‘medical marketplace’, a term coined to describe the vast range of medical options available in early modern England. One of the most important channels for the spread of medical information was through the vast range of easily accessible literature. Therefore, the

in English almanacs, astrology and popular medicine: 1550–1700