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Bergur Þorgeirsson

Columbus’s, Anderson was trying to be a mythmaker as well as a mythbreaker. 22 The 1892 celebrations of the four hundredth anniversary of Columbus’s landing in the Caribbean, as well as the 1893 Chicago World’s Fair, were even stronger catalysts for Leif Eiriksson enthusiasts. In the years around 1890, in fact, several new translations of Snorri’s works and of the Vinland sagas were published, and old ones were reissued as well. In these works, scholars like Anderson often succumbed to the urge to present texts with historical ‘corrections’. In 1889, Anderson thus

in From Iceland to the Americas
Fact, fiction, and film
Kevin J. Harty

Christianity. A subplot involves a conflict over religion between Leif and his pagan father, Eirik the Red, who is fond of killing Viking Christian converts. Leif manages to outwit his father and survives a near mutiny and an attempt on his life when the Vikings sail westward. When land is sighted, Leif comes ashore, planting a huge crucifix on the beach as he kneels in prayer to thank God – a scene more suggestive of a landing by one of the Spanish conquistadors in the Caribbean, or in Central or South America, than of one inspired by an episode in one of the sagas. Then

in From Iceland to the Americas
Remembering the Norse
Tim William Machan

What made a connection to Leif and Vinland so desirable in the nineteenth-century United States was less whimsy than anxiety, however. Specifically, within the context of increased European immigration from eastern and southern Europe and the impending quincentenary of Columbus’s arrival in the Caribbean, apprehension over what might be called the country’s cultural and racial identity roiled issues that otherwise might simply have been absurd. If Columbus had been the first European arrival, then the United States could be stamped as Catholic and, by the racial

in From Iceland to the Americas
Nicola McDonald

. 20v (before 1333); British Library, MS Cotton Julius D. viii, fol. 105v (c. 1450)). 2 Michael Flanders, ‘The reluctant cannibal’, The Songs of Michael Flanders and Donald Swann (London, 1977), pp. 64–6. 3 The word ‘cannibal’ derives from Caniba, a variant of Carib, the term used by the both the islanders and Spanish colonists to designate the natives of the Caribbean islands. Columbus promoted the belief that the Canibales were savage man-eaters; their reputed dietary transgressions were quickly exploited by the colonists as a justification for the decimation of

in Pulp fictions of medieval England
Open Access (free)
The wall texts of a Percy family manuscript and the Poulys Daunce of St Paul’s Cathedral
Heather Blatt

Archaeology plan]). 65 Google’s most well-known virtual tour explores Abbey Road, https:// In a more serious example of the political and historical role virtual imagery like that provided by Google Earth can play: at the time of the writing of this chapter, satellite imagery was used by the UN to assess the state of the late antique ruins at Palmyra, much of which had been overtaken and demolished by the Islamic State (ISIS) in 2016. 66 Mimi Sheller, ‘Virtual islands: mobilities, connectivity, and the new Caribbean spatialities’. Small

in Participatory reading in late-medieval England
Abstract only
Joshua Davies

context: These days travelling great distances by sea is mainly done for luxurious leisure, or as a last resort. It is the last option. How many 200 200 Visions and ruins overfilled open boats fleeing war zones and political oppression have resorted to dangerous, clandestine crossings of the Mediterranean Sea, of the Sicily Channel, of the Aegean Sea, of the Caribbean Sea, of the Red Sea, of the Gulf of Thailand, of the South China Sea.3 The locus of her contemporary reflections is the case of the ‘left-​ to-​die boat’. In March 2012 seventy-​two migrants were

in Visions and ruins
Abstract only
Tony Kushner

of theory, ‘less intimidated by and respectful of the boundaries and integrity of modern nation states’. He thus settled as his starting point on the image of ships in motion across the spaces between Europe, America, Africa and the Caribbean as a central organising symbol … The image of the ship – a living, micro-cultural, micro-political system in motion – is especially important for historical and theoretical reasons. Ships immediately focus attention on the middle passage, on the various projects for redemptive return, on the

in Anglo-Jewry since 1066
Tony Kushner

Hampshire: A Sense of Place generally employs a pluralistic approach to the county’s identity. Hampshire, Mason emphasises, has been enriched by the cultures and traditions of the Black and Asian communities and other ethnic minority groups. The main minority communities are Pakistani, Indian, Bangladeshi, Afro-Caribbean and Chinese. There are also other smaller groups including Polish, Greek, Vietnamese and Cypriots, all contributing to a multi-racial society in Hampshire. 57 Mason, writing in a semi-official capacity

in Anglo-Jewry since 1066