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Tracing sources of recent neo-conservatism in Poland
Agnieszka Kościańska

Catholic church. But when on the therapist's shelf he saw a two-volume-collection, which I co-edited, entitled, Gender: An Anthropological Perspective , he thundered with outrage: ‘Why are you promoting gender ideology here!’ Not only is the church against ‘gender ideology’, some secular experts have likewise argued against the concept. For instance, Zbigniew Lew-Starowicz, a major Polish sexologist, who in the 1970s and 1980s was already sceptical about gender equality in relationships and in social life (for more, see Kościańska 2016 ), stressed

in Intimacy and mobility in an era of hardening borders
Politics, values, and in/exclusionary practices in assisted reproduction
Izabella Main

their bodies) ‘leave the nation’ to reside in an another country. The subsequent parts of the chapter comprise a discussion, based on fieldwork, of how easy or difficult it is access to ARTs abroad, how migrating Polish women think about reproduction in cases of ARTs, and whether they are aware of and influenced by the discourse on moral governmentality promoted by the Catholic church in Poland (Mishtal 2015 : 13). Overall, women have more reproductive choices and rights in most other European countries than in Poland. For example, access to

in Intimacy and mobility in an era of hardening borders
Polish and Italian mothers in Norway
Lise Widding Isaksen and Elżbieta Czapka

welfare regime is described as Catholic, conservative, and corporative (Esping-Andersen 1990 ). This means that conservative family values promoted by the Catholic church influence local cultures. The social norms promoted by Catholicism support a male breadwinner model, and the idea that mothers’ occupational activities can be harmful for children is widespread (Esping-Andersen 1996 , Emmenegger 2010 ). During the financial crisis in Italy, several social, economic, and political processes which aimed to support more gender equality in society were halted

in Intimacy and mobility in an era of hardening borders
Regnar Kristensen

death of Beltrán Leyva and the disfiguration of his corpse could also have influenced how people view the afterlife of his soul. Before continuing with this analysis, I have to clarify that the idea of purgatory as a physical place is not part of the Roman Catholic Church’s doctrine; however, gang members (and others) often believe that it is a place, as the noun grammatically indicates. This adds a spatial dimension to the purification process in purgatory, which becomes crucial to the ‘lives’ of the ‘bone-trapped’ souls who cannot leave earth because of their ‘bad

in Governing the dead
Struggles for power over a festival soundscape
Lorenzo Ferrarini

forms of establishing a direct rapport with the divinity. In some cases it becomes a token of exchange as part of a vow, so that the faithful give their continued sounding presence at the festival in exchange for a grazia (divine favour) – often healing from serious illness or sometimes safe return from a migration experience. 3.1 Madonna del Pollino Sanctuary, June 2014. Devotional music in front of the statue. Some forms of sonic devotion are controversial practices for certain representatives of the Catholic Church, who see them as backward forms

in Sonic ethnography
The disposal of bodies in the 1994 Rwandan genocide
Nigel Eltringham

cent Twa) and issued with an ID card upon which the label was inscribed. Following patrilineal custom, children would inherit the identity inscribed on their father’s ID card.12 Until 1997, the French term ethnie and the Kinyarwanda term ubwoko appeared on the ID card. For the colonial authorities, both terms were ‘synonyms for race in the biologically determinist sense’.13 As possible independence drew near, both a newly emergent Hutu elite (trained by the Roman Catholic Church) and the Tutsi court deployed the Hamitic hypothesis to argue, respectively, that the end

in Human remains and mass violence
José López Mazz

and, creole (gaucho) forms of resistance were 86   José López Mazz criminalized as illegitimate behaviour that was above all a product of the primitiveness of indigenous and African life. For centuries there was a profound social crisis involving economic and political tensions that were strongly linked to the ‘colonial order’. The colonial order was also characterized by daily political and social violence against Indians and African slaves. It was controlled by colonial institutions and the Catholic Church. Authoritarian and deterrent practices provoked a strong

in Human remains and identification
Ideology, physical destruction, and memory
Rémi Korman

extremities that were supposedly characteristic of a Tutsi body. Noses and little fingers were thus cut off, from the dead as well as the living. This ideology drove some killers to attack objects and even animals. The most striking examples of this involved religious objects, and in particular statues which, in the minds of the killers, bore ‘the marks of a Tutsi body’. Militias thus broke the nose off DHR.indb 232 5/15/2014 12:51:28 PM The Tutsi body in the 1994 genocide  233 a statue of the Virgin Mary in Kibeho, an important site for the Catholic Church in Rwanda

in Destruction and human remains
Open Access (free)
The politics of exhumation in post-genocide Rwanda
Rémi Korman

particular problem. In some cases the killers had left bodies scattered over a wide area, while in others they had used Caterpillar earth-movers to dig huge mass graves.4 In the latter case, exhumation would only be possible with a similarly vast logistical effort. Politics of exhumation in post-genocide Rwanda   205 Immediately after the genocide, the resources necessary for this operation were first provided through the assistance of churches, and the Catholic Church in particular. Despite the heavy losses it had sustained during the genocide, it remained, along with

in Human remains and identification
Open Access (free)
A war of extermination, grave looting, and culture wars in the American West
Tony Platt

public history and public education, where a generally benevolent and simplistic narrative prevails. A battle of ideas is taking place as the Catholic Church seeks to canonize Junipero Serra (architect of the mission system) in celebration of his 300th birthday. T. Platt, ‘The result would have been the same’,, January 2012. R. H.  Kévorkian, ‘Earth, fire, water: how to make the Armenian corpses disappear’, in Anstett & Dreyfus (eds), Destruction and Human Remains, pp. 89–116. T. Platt, ‘I am here for our history’, http

in Human remains and identification