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Open Access (free)
Philip Nanton

St Vincent countryside that spread, first, to St Vincent’s urban areas, and then to neighbouring islands, including Grenada, and Trinidad and Tobago. Since the nineteenth century, the community has differentiated itself from the Methodists – the church that, relative to the more mainstream Anglican and Roman Catholic churches, welcomed black social outcasts – by the prominent position it accords to

in Frontiers of the Caribbean
Rainer Forst

Catholic Church recognised a conception of freedom of conscience that no longer involved such restrictions. Thus Locke’s argument that conscience must not be subjected to coercion and also that it is not coercible is problematic, as he later recognised himself 19 – all the more so when one considers the methods that human beings have developed to manipulate conscience and beliefs and to produce convictions in those subjected that the latter regard as true and authentic. The free conscience is not an epistemic fact of nature and, as Augustine’s later theory shows, it

in Toleration, power and the right to justification
Peter J. Spiro

cornerstone fallacy of liberal nationalism. The citizen of a small state who is also a Catholic will find a larger, more inclusive group in the non-state community. The Catholic Church excludes those who aren't church members. But consistent with the boundary condition, states exclude non-members as well. They are not essentially more inclusive. States, it is true, tend to have a greater reach in terms of jurisdiction. They are not issue

in Democratic inclusion
School segregation of Romani children

choice. 2016 report Being Fair, Faring Better: Promoting Equality of Opportunity for Marginalized Roma published by the World Bank (Gatti et al ., 2016 : xix) Introduction Between 31 May and 2 June 2019, Pope Francis paid a visit to Romania and made a historical apology to all Roma in Europe. He apologised for the harm inflicted on Roma by the majority populations and institutions affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church. Prominent international media in

in The Fringes of Citizenship
Abstract only
Rainer Forst and the history of toleration
Teresa M. Bejan

and Ramon Llull), 60 so-called for their desire to restore concord to Christendom by reconciling Protestants to the Catholic Church. These writers distinguished the ‘fundamentals’ of faith from ‘things indifferent’ or adiaphora . While Aquinas and others adapted this initially Stoic distinction to separate actions that were intrinsically evil, like blasphemy, from neutral ones like plucking a blade of grass, after the Reformation Erasmus and others revived the Stoic emphasis on the indifference of ‘externals’ to stress that the fundamenta of Christianity lay in

in Toleration, power and the right to justification
Open Access (free)
The life and times of Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Mads Qvortrup

penetrating, revealing, and at times, pathetic autobiography in the history of Western literature, namely Les Confessions. Having antagonised his former friends among the Encycloplédistes, the Genevan authorities, the Catholic Church, and just about everyone else, Rousseau did himself few favours by writing his Confessions – and his other autobiographical writings, Dialouges: Rousseau juge de Jean-Jacques (1776), Les rêveries du promeneur solitaire (1778), and his letters to the French censor Malesherbes in 1762. As Byron noted about Rousseau, in Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage

in The political philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Paul K. Jones

goes to some lengths to distinguish ‘leaderless’ groups from those with leaders and ‘artificial’ groups – such as the Catholic Church and the army – from primary groups. ‘Artificial’ groups have the capacity for enforcing membership and of course have leaders. They differ from Le Bon's ‘rapidly formed and transient’ groups (crowds) too. Having set aside Trotter's conception of ‘herd instinct’, Freud offers instead his famous informing historico-speculative conception of the archaic ‘primal horde’ led by a single dominant male who is slain by his sons. What is often

in Critical theory and demagogic populism
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Melancholic dispositions and conscious unhappiness
Simon Mussell

that opened the way for demonic influences. Some 150 years later, Pope Gregory I (c. 540–​604), aiming for a more universal readership, merged the temptations of acedia and tristitia (dejection) into a single sin, namely, sloth. From this point on, the seven cardinal sins were consolidated and would form the basis of medieval Christian morality for the best part of a millennium. Acedia faded from view with the advent of Renaissance classicism and Protestantism, both of which undermined the authority of the Catholic Church within Europe. The Italian humanist Marsilio

in Critical theory and feeling