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Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe

; Smith, 2014] . Likewise, French, Portuguese and South Africa interference in the conflict was undertaken with the goal of destabilising Nigeria and weakening its influence in West Africa [ Omaka, 2019 ; Siebert, 2018] . The third element of this story is the on-going transition from empire to the postcolonial era. That change manifested itself in different ways. The Africanisation of the Nigerian Catholic Church, for example, changed the role that expatriate missionaries

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Catholic human rights discourse in Northern Ireland in the 1980s
Maria Power

, human rights has historically been recognised as an important issue in IR with ­important ramifications for peace. Despite the historic concern, definitions of human rights remain contested, with tensions persisting between secular and religious meanings, leading in some cases to clashes between the two.2 This chapter highlights the important role that the Catholic Church has played in conceptualising, defining, and attempting to promote the realisation of human rights around the world, including Northern Ireland. The Catholic Church has long been recognised for

in Theories of International Relations and Northern Ireland
Abstract only
Mary McAleese

reached its summit in 1994 when she became Pro-Vice-Chancellor at Queen’s University, and the first woman to serve in that role. Her academic career did not, however, shut out involvement in public affairs. In 1984, she was a member of the Catholic Church Episcopal Delegation to the New Ireland Forum, set up under the premiership of Dr Garret Fitzgerald (qv). In 1996, in the wake of the widespread disturbances which had broken out over parading, the British government set up the Independent Review of Parades and Marches chaired by Dr (later Sir) Peter North. Here, too

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
Helen Thompson

was Italian democracy. Before the war, the Italian modern state was ineffective, not least because it provided so little internal security over much of its territory. Meanwhile efforts to create a durable sense of Italian nationhood had been largely unsuccessful. The Catholic church still refused to accept the state’s authority, so far as the south had been pacified it was by de facto military occupation, and the Italian state could not sustain imperialism. Now, in 1919, those who wielded power confronted a desperate peasantry and a particularly precarious economic

in Might, right, prosperity and consent
Abstract only
Elizabeth Dauphinée

, the skeletal remains of the National Library, a gutted Catholic church, four bodies under four white sheets. I stopped to buy a brick of white honey halva. I stared into the shops that sold copper džezve, vases, coffee cups, wooden cigarette holders, and plates emblazoned with the skyline of Sarajevo.2 I stopped at a restaurant. I ate ćevape, with peppery onions and soft lepinje. Then I went for an espresso. Even if I didn’t still have my plane ticket from Toronto in my desk drawer, even if my passport was not still marked by the now-dry ink stamp at the Karakaj

in The ethics of researching war
Leonie Murray

2009). 13 Adolf, Peace. A World History, p. 49. 14 Adolf, Peace. A World History, p. 66. 15 Certainly, the Yahweh of the Old Testament could be quite a ruthless and unforgiving god when crossed, and seemed to frequently foment war, and modern Israel maintains strong militaristic conventions. In the Middle Ages, European Christians launched a series of crusades in the name of their belief and warriors of Islam have declared holy war on several occasions in different contexts over the years. The Roman Catholic Church unleashed the bloody Inquisition in a panicked

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
Abstract only
Ahmad H. Sa’di

Yani, Kafr Yassif ’s mayor. They were also highly represented among the younger generation of nationalist activists and leaders, such as Sabri Jiryis and Habib Qahwaji. Consequently, the control–surveillance apparatuses had to rely on the co-option of individual priests, mainly Arabs, as Israelis have been cautious in their treatment of European clergy. The Egyptian-born bishop George Hakim, the head of the Greek Catholic church (1949–67), had been the most conspicuous figure in supporting the state’s policies (Linn, 1999:134). His activities included the

in Thorough surveillance
Helen Thompson

deteriorated. But domestically it had unnecessarily trapped M1218 - THOMPSON TXT.qxp:GRAHAM Q7.3 38 10/3/08 13:10 Page 38 Might, right, prosperity and consent itself over Ireland. The frequently short-lived governments of the French Third Republic took few risks. The Dreyfuss affair during the 1890s revealed bitter, religiously inspired passions that could not be tamed by law, but between 1905 and 1907 successive governments separated the Catholic church from the state, strengthening the state’s grip on education. Running schools devoted to advancing the patriotic

in Might, right, prosperity and consent
Relationships and issues, 1941–45
Andrew Williams

-Germans] politically which could conceivably arouse much enthusiasm for German rule’. It did not even have the appeal of the communist Third International as there was ‘no universal application of its tenets, as did the Catholic Church of the Middle Ages. Its soldiers cannot march through Europe as the bearers of abstract ideals, applicable to all humanity, as did the soldiers of the French Revolution’ and in this situation ‘[i]t is difficult to believe that this sort of situation could produce a happy Europe’, even if Germany could Williams Chapter 5 154 23/10/98, 11:41 am 155

in Failed imagination?
Helen Thompson

- THOMPSON TXT.qxp:GRAHAM Q7.3 108 10/3/08 13:10 Page 108 Might, right, prosperity and consent without any imperialist connotations, and, in dire economic circumstances, safeguard support for democracy from the threat posed to it by the most radical communists and the authoritarian wing of the Catholic church. By 1945, almost all Italy’s old trading markets had vanished. The empire in Africa was gone, and Germany and Britain were in no position to export raw materials on the scale they had done before the war. GNP stood at the level it had done in 1911 whilst real

in Might, right, prosperity and consent