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Michael G. Cronin

. This abuse did not represent a failure of the system but was endemic to it; as Ryan observes, ‘abuse occurred in the Institutions’ and ‘the Institutions in themselves were abusive’.3 Likewise, the three reports on the failure of the Catholic Church to adequately confront the sexual abuse of children by some of its priests, along with the testimony of their victims, have thoroughly discredited the Irish Catholic Church as an authority on human sexuality.4 Throughout the twentieth century, as Ursula Barry and Clair Wills note, ‘the Catholic Church in Ireland played a

in Impure thoughts
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McGahern’s personal and detached reflections
Tom Inglis

rural to urban society and the decline in the importance of the Catholic Church in everyday life. McGahern reveals what it was like to make love and have sex in Ireland during the shift from a Catholic culture of selfdenial to a modern, urban, cosmopolitan culture of self-fulfilment and self-indulgence. love and sex  111 It is possible to think of McGahern as one of the major chroniclers of cultural change in twentieth-century Ireland. However, while he accepted this description of himself, he emphasised that he was not trying to give an objective, detached

in John McGahern
Marie Helena Loughlin

spiritual and political authority of the Roman Catholic Church, English Protestant reformists often seized on sodomy as a highly charged and emotive anti-papal discourse, with female homoerotic sexual acts sometimes appearing as well. Perhaps the most famous of these reformists, the playwright, bishop and controversialist John Bale, attacked Catholicism’s mandatory ecclesiastical celibacy as a trigger and veil for all kinds of sexual excesses; he claimed, as many reformists did, that Catholic celibacy for priests and other religious was unnatural, and encouraged men and

in Same-Sex Desire in Early Modern England, 1550–1735
Martin Ferguson Smith

his wartime experiences, brought him back to the Roman Catholic Church. Mervyn Levy says that this happened in 1945, 19 but the year is much more likely to have been 1946, after Leda’s and his time in France. The later date is supported by his report of her unexpectedly unfavourable reaction to the news: … when I announced my resolve to Leda she flew into a towering rage. I had never spoken to her seriously about my spiritual problems, and although she had known of my

in In and out of Bloomsbury
Marilynne Robinson’s essays and the crisis of mainline Protestantism
Alex Engebretson

,000; the Episcopal Church a decline of 700,000; the United Church of Christ (which incorporates most of the Congregationalists) a decline of 800,000; the Disciples of Christ a decline of 900,000; and the United Methodist Church a decline of over two million members’ (Noll 177). Today, as Lantzer notes, mainline churches do not represent the majority of American Christians. As of 2009, the Seven Sisters had a total membership of 21.2 million, while the Roman Catholic Church is by far the largest American church with 67.1 million members. 5

in Marilynne Robinson
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Treason and betrayal in six modern Irish novels
Author: Gerry Smyth

This book argues that modern Irish history encompasses a deep-seated fear of betrayal, and that this fear has been especially prevalent throughout Irish society since the revolutionary period at the outset of the twentieth century. The author goes on to argue that the novel is the literary form most apt for the exploration of betrayal in its social, political and psychological dimensions. The significance of this thesis comes into focus in terms of a number of recent developments – most notably, the economic downturn (and the political and civic betrayals implicated therein) and revelations of the Catholic Church’s failure in its pastoral mission. As many observers note, such developments have brought the language of betrayal to the forefront of contemporary Irish life. After an introductory section in which he considers betrayal from a variety of religious, psychological and literary perspectives, Gerry Smyth goes on to analyse the Irish experience of betrayal: firstly through a case study of one of the country’s most beloved legends – Deirdre of the Sorrows; and secondly, through extended discussion of six powerful Irish novels in which ideas of betrayal feature centrally - from adultery in James Joyce’s Ulysses, touting in Liam O’Flaherty’s The Informer and spying Elizabeth Bowen’s The Heat of the Day, through to writing itself in Francis Stuart’s Black List, Section H, murder in Eugene McCabe’s Death and Nightingales and child abuse in Anne Enright’s The Gathering (2007). This book offers a powerful analysis of modern Irish history as regarded from the perspective of some its most incisive minds.

Ralph Knevet's Supplement of the Faery Queene (1635) is a narrative and allegorical work, which weaves together a complex collection of tales and episodes, featuring knights, ladies, sorcerers, monsters, vertiginous fortresses and deadly battles – a chivalric romp in Spenser's cod medieval style. The poem shadows recent English history, and the major military and political events of the Thirty Years War. But the Supplement is also an ambitiously intertextual poem, weaving together materials from mythic, literary, historical, scientific, theological, and many other kinds of written sources. Its encyclopaedic ambitions combine with Knevet's historical focus to produce an allegorical epic poem of considerable interest and power.

This new edition of Knevet's Supplement, the first scholarly text of the poem ever published, situates it in its literary, historical, biographical, and intellectual contexts. An extensive introduction and copious critical commentary, positioned at the back of the book, will enable students and scholars alike to access Knevet's complicated and enigmatic meanings, structures, and allusions.

This book is the first ever concordance to the rhymes of Spenser’s epic. It gives the reader unparalleled access to the formal nuts and bolts of this massive poem: the rhymes which he used to structure its intricate stanzas.

As well as the main concordance to the rhymes, the volume features a wealth of ancillary materials, which will be of value to both professional Spenserians and students, including distribution lists and an alphabetical listing of all the words in The Faerie Queene. The volume breaks new ground by including two studies by Richard Danson Brown and J. B. Lethbridge, so that the reader is given provocative analyses alongside the raw data about Spenser as a rhymer. Brown considers the reception of rhyme, theoretical models and how Spenser’s rhymes may be reading for meaning. Lethbridge in contrast discusses the formulaic and rhetorical character of the rhymes.

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Michael G. Cronin

Dublin then in London. In 2003 he returned to Ireland, where he lives in County Wexford with his partner; though he does not write about this in his memoir, they are raising two children of whom they have guardianship.19 In 2007 O’Gorman briefly served as a Senator and unsuccessfully stood as a Dáil candidate for the Progressive Democrats, the now-defunct neo-liberal political party; O’Gorman does not write about his political career in the memoir.20 In the 1990s O’Gorman reported Fortune to the Gardaí, and subsequently took a legal case against the Catholic Church for

in Impure thoughts
The educational vision of John McGahern
Kevin Williams

assessment. Education takes place in multiple contexts and, as will be clear from this essay, McGahern enjoyed many experiences that were educative in a more general sense. So, apart from institutions of formal, organised learning, important sources of informal education were nature and farming, individuals within the community and the Catholic Church. McGahern offers readers a richly realised vision of how all of these sources, formal and informal, shaped his identity. Sensitivity to the multiple contexts in which learning takes place is an important aspect of his writing

in John McGahern