Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe
; Smith, 2014] . Likewise, French, Portuguese and South Africa
interference in the conflict was undertaken with the goal of destabilising Nigeria
and weakening its influence in West Africa [ Omaka, 2019 ; Siebert, 2018] .
The third element of this story is the on-going transition from empire to the
postcolonial era. That change manifested itself in different ways. The
Africanisation of the Nigerian CatholicChurch, for example, changed the role that