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Regnar Kristensen

Catholicism may prevent the soul from leaving the dead body for purgatory, and that this provides the ground from which ‘bone-trapped’, restless spirits can terrorise the living. The story of Beltrán Leyva’s corpse In the days after the killing of Beltrán Leyva, images of his corpse were broadcast in the Mexican and world media. The blood-covered corpse was shown with bullet holes and a disfigured arm. It was, moreover, stripped naked and covered with pesos and dollar bills soaked in his blood. On his stomach, somebody had placed several religious amulets and a paper slip

in Governing the dead
Struggles for power over a festival soundscape
Lorenzo Ferrarini

of folk religiosity that need to be eradicated from rituals such as the festival of the Madonna del Pollino. The latter is a particularly relevant case not just because of the important dynamics of sonic devotion, but also because of the role that some figures of the Demartinian school of anthropology, with its Marxist approach and marked anti-clericalism, played in separating folk religiosity from official Catholicism. Since the 1990s the festival has been the centre of attempts by the clergy to ‘purify’ it, removing devotional practices that they consider

in Sonic ethnography
Towards atypology of the treatment of corpses of ‘disappeared detainees’ in Argentinafrom 1975 to 1983
Mario Ranalletti

for the massacre Alongside their strictly professional training, Argentine soldiers15 received political and moral indoctrination16 – disguised as a pseudo-religious education – from lay and religious figures belong­ ing to the domestic extreme right and the intransigent domestic form of Catholicism. Constituted as an informal network that had firm roots in the military sector and a prolonged presence in it through talks, courses, conferences, sermons in church, publications, and spiritual retreats, the indoctrinators drummed a work of fiction into the Argentine

in Destruction and human remains
Polish and Italian mothers in Norway
Lise Widding Isaksen and Elżbieta Czapka

welfare regime is described as Catholic, conservative, and corporative (Esping-Andersen 1990 ). This means that conservative family values promoted by the Catholic church influence local cultures. The social norms promoted by Catholicism support a male breadwinner model, and the idea that mothers’ occupational activities can be harmful for children is widespread (Esping-Andersen 1996 , Emmenegger 2010 ). During the financial crisis in Italy, several social, economic, and political processes which aimed to support more gender equality in society were halted

in Intimacy and mobility in an era of hardening borders
Open Access (free)
Finn Stepputat

characterises the protection of the corpse on its journey, a Introduction 9 protection worthy of a head of state. Linking up with Fontein’s focus on the materiality of dead bodies and human remains and discussing the common interpretations emerging in the press coverage of the events, Kristensen relates these excesses to certain ideas in popular Catholicism regarding the spirit of dead bodies, a restless, terrorising force that is ready to attack people. Richard Kernaghan takes as his point of departure the ways in which the Maoist Shining Path movement exploited the

in Governing the dead
Contested narratives of the independence struggle in postconfl ict Timor-Leste
Henri Myrttinen

, drawing especially upon those excombatants who felt sidelined by the official veterans’ compensation programmes. It has taken on a semi-religious character, mixing animism and Catholicism under the spiritual leadership of L-7, though it also has business interests. The movement is also partially congruent with the União Nacional Democrática de Resistência Timorense (UNDERTIM) party, for whom Mr Gama sat in the National Parliament from 2007 to 2012. The party has made veterans’ issues one of its main concerns (Shoesmith 2011: 72). The Sagrada Familia and UNDERTIM have

in Governing the dead
Tracing sources of recent neo-conservatism in Poland
Agnieszka Kościańska

contradictory legacies – those of Catholicism, nationalism, and socialism … The socialist state was seen as based on a traditional family, to which the idea of ‘Polish motherhood’ remained crucial. (Grabowska 2014 : 62) The current war on gender is indeed rooted in the church/state alliance under socialism. But while we should look for historical roots in this period, we should do so not only on the state level, as Grabowska suggested. I would argue that discourses

in Intimacy and mobility in an era of hardening borders
Alexander Korb

people returning home, negotiators or Serbian converts to Catholicism. However, the most gruesome was the violence against people who, from the point of view of the Ustaša, represented everything they were fighting against. The perpetrators invested much time, energy and strength in many of the crimes against Orthodox priests or certain repre­sentatives of the Serbian resistance, and they did so in a manner that is reminiscent of ritual murder. Before killing their victims, they often abused them in the most gruesome manner. This included setting fire to beards

in Human remains and mass violence
The violent pursuit of cultural sovereignty during authoritarian rule in Argentina
Antonius C.G.M. Robben

is essential in this war. Because they want to capture man in body and mind. The struggle of ideas is therefore fundamental in this war’ (La Nación, 29 October 1977). The military’s dual use of bio- and necropower is manifested in the daily practices of state repression. They tried to influence the minds of the Argentine people through a strict control over school and university curricula; the censorship of books, films and music; the fostering of religious faith – especially Roman Catholicism – and the inculcation of patriotism and respect for authority. Torture

in Governing the dead
Massacres, missing corpses, and silence in a Bosnian community
Max Bergholz

movement prior to the German invasion.9 Initially, the leadership of the NDH considered a number of potential policies to deal with the large Serb minority, such as rapidly converting a sizeable part of the Serb population (aside from its educated elite) to Catholicism, to make them ‘Croat’.10 It also sought to quickly expel large numbers of Serbs outside the borders of the state to Serbia, where the German army was ruling with a local collaborationist government. But the policy of transferring the Serb minority east proved difficult to realize in the context of the

in Destruction and human remains