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Adrian Millar

] time and time again. Conclusion Members of the Catholic community wish to believe that Protestantism is not an issue for them in contrast with Protestants whom they wish to present as being obsessed with Catholicism, fearful of this and bigoted against Catholics to the extent that they instil this bigotry into their children. Claims that subjects

in Socio-ideological fantasy and the Northern Ireland conflict
Abstract only
Adrian Millar

loyalists typically describe them, e.g. hypocrites taking the half-crown but not the Crown, pan-nationalists who support the IRA unreservedly, backward, etc., this still would not have anything to do with the real roots of anti-Catholicism. Why? Because the real roots of such anti-Catholicism have to do with the trauma or deadlock that loyalists unconsciously experience in themselves. The fact that people

in Socio-ideological fantasy and the Northern Ireland conflict
James W. Peterson

Yugoslavia turned in a highly centralist direction that also included Montenegro for some years. There was a real fragility or “shatter-belt” effect in terms of “attributed” cultural characteristics. Christian Orthodoxy, Islam, and Roman Catholicism all emerged as strong ideological forces that were in conflict through their political leaders. This was especially true during the Balkan wars of the

in Defending Eastern Europe
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Kings, wars and an interstate system
Torbjørn L. Knutsen

Catholicism, confiscated Church lands, seized large landed properties and gained unprecedented economic influence. This argument hardly provides the whole answer. For the evolution of a strong state was particularly marked in France, which remained a staunchly Catholic country and where no confiscation of Church lands occurred. Other authors propose that the evolution of strong states was a function of the increased power of monarchs, Protestant as well as Catholic. In the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, the kings of Europe became commanders

in A history of International Relations theory (third edition)
Adrian Millar

’s perceptions of the overall relationships between Protestants and Catholics and their political and constitutional preferences’ ( ibid ., p. 61). 32 English claims that the IRA has been shaped by Catholicism. The Irish nationalist tradition and the Irish State it produced after 1922 ‘were deeply coloured by the religious

in Socio-ideological fantasy and the Northern Ireland conflict
Stuart Kaufman

Bosnian Muslims as ‘Islamic fundamentalists’, raising fears for the survival of the Serbian community in Bosnia. Croatian mythology paints the Croats as a single tribe, distinguished by their Catholicism and location as the ‘outer wall’ of Christian Europe’s defence against the early modern Ottomans. It also emphasises over a millennium of Croatian ‘statehood’, and as a result is ambivalent about the Ustashe interlude: as Franjo Tudjman put it, the Ustashe regime was simultaneously ‘a Fascist crime’ and an authentic expression of Croatian nationalist aspirations.23 The

in Limiting institutions?
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Adrian Millar

opposition to Catholicism that Protestantism has greatest importance, confirming his view that social and political identities are constructed around a negative pole, the Other. Finlayson claims that ethnic and national identity claims involve a solipsism: we are a homogeneous group because we have always been so, and we have always been so because we are. He notes that this essential-ising of identity

in Socio-ideological fantasy and the Northern Ireland conflict
A philosophical and practical understanding
Elena Chebankova

politically, culturally, and morally attractive to ensure free choice. Despite Russia's adherence to the general idea of a ‘polyphony of narratives’, it is significant that it does not offer any substantial ideological alternative to the contemporary Western world. This is also despite the fact that Russia's evolution has always rested on the role of a provider of a cultural-political alternative. This was first seen with Russia's embrace of Eastern Orthodox Christianity and its decisive rejection of Catholicism. Russia's distinct imperial organisation had a particular

in National perspectives on a multipolar order
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Tim Aistrope

-breaking examination of the way American national identity has often emerged in relation to discourses of danger and radical otherness, for instance, in the puritan jeremiad, which located perceived threats, and even unfamiliar circumstances, as the work of Satan and his minions, out to bring down the ‘new Jerusalem’ – be it native Indians, hysteria, Catholicism, or simply the hostility of

in Conspiracy theory and American foreign policy
Adrian Millar

conditions of an uneven and changing balance of power. Relationships are marked by dimensions of difference, structures of dominance, dependence and inequality and a tendency towards communal polarisation. There are five dimensions of difference at play in the conflict. These are ethnic (Gaelic-Irish/Scottish), religious (Calvinism and Roman Catholicism), colonialist (settler and native), progressiveness

in Socio-ideological fantasy and the Northern Ireland conflict