The first British Methodist missionaries came to Upper Burma in 1887 and the last left in 1966. They were known as 'Wesleyans' before 1932 and afterwards as 'Methodists'. This book is a study of the ambitions, activities and achievements of Methodist missionaries in northern Burma from 1887-1966 and the expulsion of the last missionaries by Ne Win. Henry Venn, the impeccably evangelical Secretary of the Church Missionary Society (CMS), was the most distinguished and inspiring of nineteenth-century mission administrators. Wesleyan missionaries often found property development more congenial than saving souls. In Pakokku in December 1905, a 'weak' American missionary from Myingyan and a couple of Baptist Burman government officials began 'totally immersing' Wesleyans. Proselytism was officially frowned upon in the Indian Empire. The Wesley high schools were extraordinarily successful during the early years of the twentieth century. The Colonial Government was investing heavily in education. A bamboo curtain descended on Upper Burma in May 1942. Wesley Church Mandalay was gutted during the bombing raids of April 1942 and the Japanese requisitioned the Mission House and the Girls High School soon afterwards. General Ne Win was ruthlessly radical in 1962. By April 1964 Bishop was the last 'front-line' Methodist missionary in Upper Burma and the last European of any sort in Monywa. The book pulls together the themes of conflict, politics and proselytisation in to a fascinating study of great breadth.
subject peoples. Missionary societies built hospitals, clinics and schools as practical
expressions of their Christian love, although critics dismissed them as instruments of
cultural domination. 8
Henry Venn, the impeccably evangelical Secretary of the ChurchMissionarySociety (CMS), was the most distinguished and inspiring of nineteenth-century mission
administrators. In 1865 he formulated a radical ideology based on the premise that Western
missions were transitional phenomena. Venn saw beyond the current scramble for
J. Clark, ‘CMS and Mission in Britain:
The Evolution of a Policy’, in K. Ward and B. Stanley (eds),
The ChurchMissionarySociety and World Christianity
1799–1999 (Grand Rapids, Michigan and Cambridge:
Eerdmans, 2000), pp. 319–343.