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Catherine L. Benamou
Leslie L. Marsh

activities to mobilise others to join or collaborate in their efforts. Owing to the possibility of its circulation outside mainstream venues, small-format video was seen as especially effective in its ability to reach lower-income and regionally isolated (sometimes illiterate) audiences. Hence, video quickly played a vital role in expanding the discourses of citizenship during the 1980s. Spotlight on

in Hispanic and Lusophone women filmmakers
BBC television and Black Britons

This book provides an institutional case study of the BBC Television Service, as it undertook the responsibility of creating programmes that addressed the impact of black Britons, their attempts to establish citizenship within England and subsequent issues of race relations and colour prejudice. Beginning in the 1930s and into the post millennium, the book provides a historical analysis of policies invoked, and practices undertaken, as the Service attempted to assist white Britons in understanding the impact of African-Caribbeans on their lives, and their assimilation into constructs of Britishness. Management soon approved talks and scientific studies as a means of examining racial tensions, as ITV challenged the discourses of British broadcasting. Soon after, BBC 2 began broadcasting, and more issues of race appeared on the TV screens, each reflecting sometimes comedic, somewhat dystopic, often problematic circumstances of integration. In the years that followed, however, social tensions, such as those demonstrated by the Nottingham and Notting Hill riots, led to transmissions that included a series of news specials on Britain's Colour Bar, and docudramas, such as A Man From the Sun, which attempted to frame the immigrant experience for British television audiences, but from the African-Caribbean point of view. Subsequent chapters include an extensive analysis of television programming, along with personal interviews. Topics include current representations of race, the future of British television, and its impact upon multiethnic audiences. Also detailed are the efforts of Black Britons working within the British media as employees of the BBC, writers, producers and actors.

The documentary legacy of Sara Gómez in three contemporary Cuban women filmmakers
María Caridad Cumaná González
Susan Lord

of cultural citizenship, diaspora, revolutionary legacy and globalisation, and they do so through what we call ‘deterritorialised intimacies’. These intimacies are afforded by their documentary practices of decolonised ethnography: a set of aesthetic and ethical documentary strategies that are expressive of historical and emotional geographies of belonging and non-belonging for the filmmaker, subject

in Hispanic and Lusophone women filmmakers
Normative masculinity and disciplined gun violence
Justin A. Joyce

of conveying a ‘certain image of a man, a style, which expresses itself most clearly in violence.’18 As I argue, the inverse is equally true: the Western exhibits a style of violence that expresses itself most clearly as masculinity. I contend in this chapter that the Western genre’s masculine style functions as a ‘technology of citizenship,’ a disciplinary apparatus that seeks to tame the exercise of personal gun violence. I draw the term ‘technology of citizenship’ from Barbara Cruikshank, which she defines in The Will to Empower: Democratic Citizens and Other

in Gunslinging justice
Tom Whittaker

, the film seeks to appeal to our emotions. As I will show, the affective structure of Miró’s film is a particularly revealing framework for exploring the ways in which female citizenship and identity were renegotiated during the transition. Although the Spanish Constitution recognised women as ‘equal’ citizens, women were still not socially and

in Hispanic and Lusophone women filmmakers
Abstract only
‘The best of both worlds’
Hollie Price

with images of home that proliferated in magazines, advertisements, colour books, furniture catalogues and exhibitions as part of interwar, suburban culture. In looking back to interwar modes of address, these films also re-imagined cultural constructions of modernity. Tea table politics, pastoral images, dream palaces and private visions of home onscreen embodied a debt to an interwar culture in which picturing home was a means of conveying modern ideals of social reform, national identity, comfort and citizenship. Such prewar forms of suburban, domestic modernity

in Picturing home
Open Access (free)
An allegory of imperial rapport
Deirdre Gilfedder

Mother Country. While their sacrifice was behind the push to make Britain abolish colonial status for its Dominions, 15 imperial belonging coloured Australian politics for the whole of the interwar period. Torn between conservative imperial loyalty and growing nationalism, Australia was scarred by the events of the war and some began to doubt the wisdom of a citizenship so directly linked to Britain. 16

in The British monarchy on screen

Screening the Hollywood Rebels in 1950s Britain explores the relationship between classic American films about juvenile delinquency and British popular youth culture in the mid-twentieth century. The book examines the censorship, publicity and fandom surrounding such Hollywood films as The Wild One, Blackboard Jungle, Rebel Without a Cause, Rock Around the Clock and Jailhouse Rock alongside such British films as The Blue Lamp, Spare the Rod and Serious Charge. Intersecting with star studies and social and cultural history, this is the first book to re-vision the stardom surrounding three extraordinarily influential Hollywood stars: Marlon Brando, James Dean and Elvis Presley. By looking specifically at the meanings of these American stars to British fans, this analysis provides a logical and sustained narrative that explains how and why these Hollywood images fed into, and disrupted, British cultural life. Screening the Hollywood Rebels in 1950s Britain is based upon a wide range of sources including censorship records, both mainstream and trade newspapers and periodicals, archival accounts and memoirs, as well as the films themselves. The book is a timely intervention of film culture and focuses on key questions about screen violence and censorship, masculinity and transnational stardom, method acting and performance, Americanisation and popular post-war British culture. The book is essential reading for researchers, academics and students of film and social and cultural history, alongside general readers interested in the links between the media and popular youth culture in the 1950s.

Piers Robinson
Peter Goddard
Katy Parry
Craig Murray
, and
Philip M. Taylor

the notion of public service broadcasting, in which news is seen as a crucial democratic resource for citizenship, with its reliability underpinned by a robust system of regulation. As a consequence, British broadcasters are required to report with ‘due accuracy and impartiality’ concerning ‘matters of political or industrial controversy; and matters relating to current public policy’ (Broadcasting Act, 1990: 6(b) and (c)).1 As a result, broadcast news differs from press news in two important ways: first, it is subject to a specific tier of legislation beyond the

in Pockets of resistance
Parvati Nair
Julián Daniel Gutiérrez-Albilla

this film probes the uncertain borders between official history and the effort to make sense of memory that is necessarily piecemeal. The complexities of experiencing dictatorship and then emerging into democracy also inform Catherine Benamou and Leslie Marsh’s chapter ‘Women filmmakers and citizenship in Brazil, from Bossa Nova to the retomada ’. The chapter considers the work of several women

in Hispanic and Lusophone women filmmakers