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C. E. Beneš

Part eight offers three chapters of advice for good citizenship: citizens ought to be thoughtful and mature in making decisions; they ought to be virtuous rather than slaves to vice; and they ought to have the greatest zeal for the commonwealth.

in Jacopo Da Varagine’s Chronicle of the city of Genoa
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C. E. Beneš

walls—fostered the development among these cities’ inhabitants of a particularly urban group identity or civic consciousness: a sense of collective identity focused on citizenship in, or at least belonging to, the urban community; a sense of ownership pertaining to the city, including its physical space and monuments; and a sense of the importance of one's own city on the broader stage of human history. 15

in Jacopo Da Varagine’s Chronicle of the city of Genoa
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Gervase Rosser

this group became freemen in late fourteenth-century York [ 19 ]; only between a fifth and a third in the case of Exeter. 6 The admission of individuals to the freedom, or full citizenship, was influenced by the fiscal policies of town councils which collected fees from those admitted. The pattern in detail therefore varied between towns and over time, making it difficult or impossible to perceive general trends

in Towns in medieval England
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Gervase Rosser

[ 94 ], [ 95 ] – were schools of citizenship. Without idealising their goals, it is reasonable to suggest that these urban charities helped to cultivate in their participants a sense of moral responsibility for the larger body of the townspeople. 79 While there were certainly different degrees of vulnerability, it is important to realise the extent to which everyone living in medieval towns was at risk

in Towns in medieval England
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Gervase Rosser

and the limitation of distractions for courtiers and soldiers: hence the curious pairing in the ordinances of pigs and prostitutes. Registers of admissions to the freedom (or citizenship) of a town can also beguile us, if we do not question the motives of their compilers. The York freemen’s register [ 19 ] ostensibly gives, year by year, a statistical account of the presence and relative importance of the

in Towns in medieval England
Samuel K. Cohn, Jr

petition does it specify the consequences of the failed revolt of the Eight of Santa Maria Novella at the end of August – the outlawing of the third revolutionary guild, that was variously called of the carders, the Ciompi, or Popolo di Dio , and their prohibition to join any other guild or have guild or citizenship recognition. On behalf of the councillors of the two newly created guilds described below

in Popular protest in late-medieval Europe
Samuel K. Cohn, Jr

wool industry, leather manufacturing, and hardware gained guild recognition and thereby citizenship and the right to elect the highest officers of the state, the priors. It was harbinger of the changes to come twenty-three years later in Florence as a consequence of the Revolt of the Ciompi. In addition, the upper-class guild of bankers, the principal profession of the previous members of the Nine, was

in Popular protest in late-medieval Europe
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P. J. P. Goldberg

creditors can likewise provide some information on the level of female involvement in trade in addition to providing names of women traders. 55 Women’s entry into employment was constrained by their limited access to training, wealth, or citizenship in its widest sense. Few women served apprenticeships, the extended term of recognised training that could act as a stepping stone to

in Women in England c. 1275–1525
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Trevor Dean

(1342) , vol. 2, pp. 328–9. We establish and ordain … that no contadino or person of the contado of Perugia can be received as a citizen of Perugia on grounds of any statute of the popolo of Perugia … nor enjoy the privilege of citizenship nor be regarded as a citizen on grounds of residence or habitation completed up to now or in the

in The towns of Italy in the later Middle Ages
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I. S. Robinson

celebration of his virtues as a prince ‘entirely outstanding among secular men’. Mindful of the negative judgement of Godfrey in Herman’s chronicle, Berthold wrote that ‘he became a new man by means of penitence so perfect … that there is no reason to doubt that he happily departed from here to citizenship of the court of highest heaven’. 85 The longest and most elaborate obituary in the chronicle is that

in Eleventh-century Germany