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Mark Olssen

This chapter starts by considering Ella Myers’s critique of the relevance of Foucault for democracy and disagrees with her assessments, noting the senses in which Foucault can be considered pertinent for democracy today. The chapter moves to examine the implications of a Foucauldian ethic for education and global politics to seek to ascertain what might be considered the first steps of a Foucauldian agenda for a global politics and ethics. The chapter concludes by exploring the possibilities of a global ethics inspired by the work of Foucault and argues for the

in Constructing Foucault’s ethics
On late modernity and social statehood
Author: Darrow Schecter

Populism, neoliberalism, and globalisation are just three of the many terms used to analyse the challenges facing democracies around the world. Critical Theory and Sociological Theory examines those challenges by investigating how the conditions of democratic statehood have been altered at several key historical intervals since 1945. The author explains why the formal mechanisms of democratic statehood, such as elections, have always been complemented by civic, cultural, educational, socio-economic, and, perhaps most importantly, constitutional institutions mediating between citizens and state authority. Critical theory is rearticulated with a contemporary focus in order to show how the mediations between citizens and statehood are once again rapidly changing. The book looks at the ways in which modern societies have developed mixed constitutions in several senses that go beyond the official separation of legislative, executive, and judicial powers. In addition to that separation, one also witnesses a complex set of conflicts, agreements, and precarious compromises that are not adequately defined by the existing conceptual vocabulary on the subject. Darrow Schecter shows why a sociological approach to critical theory is urgently needed to address prevailing conceptual deficits and to explain how the formal mechanisms of democratic statehood need to be complemented and updated in new ways today.

Rainer Forst in dialogue
Series: Critical Powers
Author: Rainer Forst

Rainer Forst's Toleration in Conflict (published in English 2013) is the most important historical and philosophical analysis of toleration of the past several decades. Reconstructing the entire history of the concept, it provides a forceful account of the tensions and dilemmas that pervade the discourse of toleration. In his lead essay for this volume, Forst revisits his work on toleration and situates it in relation to both the concept of political liberty and his wider project of a critical theory of justification. Interlocutors Teresa M. Bejan, Chandran Kukathas, John Horton, Daniel Weinstock, Melissa S. Williams, Patchen Markell and David Owen then critically examine Forst's reconstruction of toleration, his account of political liberty and the form of critical theory that he articulates in his work on such political concepts. The volume concludes with Forst’s reply to his critics.

A poststructuralist moral theory for the twenty-first century
Author: Mark Olssen

To understand how subjects are constructed socially and historically in terms of power, and how they act through power on others and on themselves, but not to see this as a purely random process or activity where ‘anything goes’, or conversely, portray ethical actions in terms of fixed universal rules or specified teleological ends, constitutes the objective of this book. What a normative Foucault can offer us, I claim, is a critical ethics of the present that is well and truly beyond Kant, Hegel. and Marx, and which can guide action and conduct for the twenty-first century.

Some questions for Rainer Bauböck
Joseph H. Carens

. Bauböck has many illuminating things to say about these three principles, including the ways in which they are derived from different but compatible conceptions of democracy. I agree with him that it is important for many of the purposes of collective democratic decision-making to have stable political units with clear jurisdictional authority over a wide range of issues within a specific territorial space; and that for this reason AAI, at least

in Democratic inclusion
David Miller

Rainer Bauböck has offered us a fascinating and wide-ranging analysis of a question that is often now referred to as “the democratic boundary problem”. 1 How does this problem arise? Before we can begin to discuss how a democracy might function, what decision rules it should use, and so forth, we have to decide how it should be constituted. But on closer inspection, this turns out to raise two questions rather than one. The first is

in Democratic inclusion
Looming constitutional conflicts between the de-centralist logic of functional diff erentiation and the bio-political steering of austerity and global governance
Darrow Schecter

find ways of coexisting with socially constituted statehood. One likely objection can be immediately anticipated:  how is statehood possible without relying on the modern state as its foundation? The short answer, which will be developed in some detail below, can be summarised as follows: according to a line of argument often associated with certain strands of early modern republicanism and social contract theory, it is frequently FD AND MEDIATED UNITY IN QUESTION 107 supposed that liberal democracies are founded on intensive, deliberative citizen participation

in Critical theory and sociological theory
Open Access (free)
Rainer Bauböck

democracy That brings me straight to Joseph Carens's response. Carens's main question is what my question is. Clarifying this is really important for a good conversation. In a nutshell, my question is: Which principles should guide citizens of a democratic polity and their representatives when considering whose interests should count in their political decisions, whom to offer protection, and whom to include in their midst as citizens

in Democratic inclusion
Open Access (free)
A pluralist theory of citizenship
Rainer Bauböck

other reason for revisiting the democratic boundary problem after forty years of debate 3 is that it simply does not go away in democratic politics even if philosophers try to conjure it away in democratic theory. Boundary and inclusion questions are among the most contested practical problems in contemporary democratic states. The rise of these problems on political agendas is arguably a result of democracies becoming more liberal and less

in Democratic inclusion
Peter J. Verovšek

the German middle class, the credibility of the Weimar Republic, and German faith in democracy in the aftermath of the First World War. The lessons of German collective memory contained within these experiences were institutionalised within the conservative, inflation-fighting mandate of the ECB. However, despite its historical grounding, the deployment of this narrative has been highly strategic. Like most uses of negative memory, it takes historical events out of context and deploys the lessons of the past in a divisive way to pin the blame on out-groups (Greece

in Memory and the future of Europe