Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 55 items for :

  • "Democracy" x
  • Manchester History of Medicine x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
American colonial and missionary nurses in Puerto Rico, 1900–30
Winifred C. Connerton

6 Working towards health, Christianity and democracy: American colonial and missionary nurses in Puerto Rico, 1900–301 Winifred C. Connerton At the turn of the twentieth century American nurses went to Puerto Rico as members of the Army Nurse Corps, as colonial service workers and as Protestant missionaries. Though the nurses went as members of very different organisations they all espoused similar messages about America, Christianity and trained nursing. This chapter explores the overlapping messages of Protestant missionaries and of the United States (US

in Colonial caring
Abstract only
Popularising psychoanalysis, 1945–68
Richard Bates

encourage liberal, democratic parenting practices and displace the discipline-, obedience- and hygiene-driven approach of earlier behaviourist writers such as Truby King or John B. Watson. In Britain, psychoanalytic ideas transformed judicial policy and social expectations around selfhood, citizenship, mental health and democracy, as Michal Shapira has shown. 2 British psychoanalysts such as Donald Winnicott and John Bowlby intimately connected parenting practices to the survival of democratic societies. In France, magazines

in Psychoanalysis and the family in twentieth-century France
Abstract only
Psychoanalysis in interwar France
Richard Bates

of Reality in Third Republic France’, History of the Present , 1 (2011), 170–93; Philip G. Nord, The Republican Moment: Struggles for Democracy in Nineteenth-Century France (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995); Judith Surkis, Sexing the Citizen: Morality and Masculinity in France, 1870–1920 (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2006). 9 Jack D. Ellis, The Physician-Legislators of France: Medicine and Politics in the Early Third Republic, 1870–1914 (Cambridge

in Psychoanalysis and the family in twentieth-century France
Abstract only
Psychoanalysis in the public sphere, 1968–88
Richard Bates

reflects the progress of family democracy … by democratic and egalitarian values which [the centres] reference, and the respect for difference’. 154 The LAEP staff, too, spoke of the ‘richness’ of their exchanges with parents and children. They were often enthused to be able to transmit Dolto’s wisdom to a wider audience: ‘I’m from a generation which was cradled by Dolto, as mothers we grew up with Dolto … we’re convinced by [her approach], we know it, we can do it.’ 155 The centres’ ability to spread psychoanalytic ideas

in Psychoanalysis and the family in twentieth-century France
Open Access (free)
A history of colonial and post-colonial nursing
Editors: Helen Sweet and Sue Hawkins

Colonial Caring covers over a century of colonial nursing by nurses from a wide range of countries including: Denmark, Britain, USA, Holland and Italy; with the colonised countries including South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Ethiopia, Nigeria, India, Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) and the Danish West Indies. It presents unique perspectives from which to interrogate colonialism and post-colonialism including aspects of race, cultural difference and implications of warfare and politics upon nursing. Viewing nursing’s development under colonial and post-colonial rule reveals different faces of a profession that superficially may appear to be consistent and coherent, yet in reality is constantly reinventing itself. Considering such areas as transnational relationships, class, gender, race and politics, this book aims to present current work in progress within the field, to better understand the complex entanglements in nursing’s development as it was imagined and practised in local imperial, colonial and post-colonial contexts. Taking a chronologically-based structure, early chapters examine nursing in situations of conflict in the post-Crimean period from the Indian Rebellion to the Anglo-Boer War. Recruitment, professionalisation of nursing and of military nursing in particular, are therefore considered before moving deeper into the twentieth century reflecting upon later periods of colonialism in which religion and humanitarianism become more central. Drawing from a wide range of sources from official documents to diaries, memoirs and oral sources, and using a variety of methodologies including qualitative and quantitative approaches, the book represents ground-breaking work.

Suriname under Dutch rule, 1750– 1950

Explaining how leprosy was considered in various historical settings by referring to categories of uncleanliness in antiquity, is problematic. The book historicizes how leprosy has been framed and addressed. It investigates the history of leprosy in Suriname, a plantation society where the vast majority of the population consisted of imported slaves from Africa. The relationship between the modern stigmatization and exclusion of people affected with leprosy, and the political tensions and racial fears originating in colonial slave society, exerting their influence until after the decolonization up to the present day. The book explores leprosy management on the black side of the medical market in the age of slavery as contrasted with the white side. The difference in perspectives on leprosy between African slaves and European masters contributed to the development of the 'Great Confinement' policies, and leprosy sufferers were sent to the Batavia leprosy asylum. Dutch debates about leprosy took place when the threat of a 'return' of leprosy to the Netherlands appeared to materialise. A symbiotic alliance for leprosy care that had formed between the colonial state and the Catholics earlier in the nineteenth century was renegotiated within the transforming landscape of Surinamese society to incorporate Protestants as well. By 1935, Dutch colonial medicine had dammed the growing danger of leprosy by using the modern policies of detection and treatment. Dutch doctors and public health officials tried to come to grips with the Afro-Surinamese belief in treef and its influence on the execution of public health policies.

Teaching medical history to medical students
Frank Huisman

scientific solution for every issue or problem. In short, when we claim to be living in a democratic knowledge society, there is a paradox involved in the relationship between democracy and ‘expertocracy’. 1 Who has the knowledge, and how should it be implemented? Who has the power, and how should it be distributed? To answer these questions, ‘audience’ is an important category. This volume is devoted to the creation of

in Communicating the history of medicine
The moron as an enemy force
Gerald V. O’Brien

means of sweeping them off the earth it would be a very good one.46 Imperiled democracy and eugenic control Many eugenicists were quick to point out that the threat of the growing ‘defective’ population was heightened by concerns that these people would hijack the democratic process itself, thereupon passing social reform measures that would ensure the exacerbation of race suicide. Drawing on earlier arguments by the British population theorist Thomas Malthus, social Darwinistic eugenicists decried the fact that in a republic, politicians would cater to the needs of

in Framing the moron
Eighteenth-century satirical prints
Barbara Stentz

theoretician of the line and an advocate of ‘variety’ in art. The figure of the pot-bellied and self-important physician, for example, was a familiar common target for the sharp stylus of a Hogarth or a Thomas Rowlandson. For them, the excessive plumpness of this figure of authority was most frequently associated with cupidity: in other words, they also linked fat with money. However, a bulging body could also refer to another metaphor of the body in order to describe a mode of political governance. In a print by Richard Newton entitled Aristocracy and Democracy,49 the

in Bellies, bowels and entrails in the eighteenth century
Vaccine scares, statesmanship and the media
Andrea Stöckl and Anna Smajdor

, including patients in hospital’. 17 The message was reinforced when the then Agricultural Minister in the Tory cabinet, John Gummer, attempted to feed his 4-year-old daughter a beefburger while being photographed by the press. 18 As the sociologist of science, Sheila Jasanoff, says, the BSE controversy of 1996 can be seen as an unprecedented illustration of ‘expertise and democracy, technological risk and policy uncertainty’ coming together in one event. 19 The

in The politics of vaccination