Introduction One of the goals of the photographers hired by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) during the 1990s and 2000s was to create images for the education of children and youth. For twenty years, CIDA sent these reproductions of images to schools in a multitude of formats, from magazines to videos, slide shows, games, picture books, and maps, produced in collaboration with academic specialists in education and the National Film Board of Canada (NFB). The attention and resources the international agency invested in the dissemination
the first industrial region 3 uneven development Uneven development: geographical specialisation and inter-dependency New discoveries in metals, mines and minerals, new undertakings in trade, engines and manufactures . . . make England especially show a new and different face in many places.1 If England was, to use Peter Mathias’s phrase, the ‘First Industrial Nation’, then north-west England can lay strong claim to be the first industrial region. There are many English regions with a longer industrial history, some of which led in terms of certain key
4 Economic development: from importsubstitution industrialization to economic liberalization When India became independent in 1947 Indian leaders were aware that India was a developing country even though the concept of development was not given sufficient international recognition before the launch of the UN Development Decades in 1961. This chapter will comment on the diversity of approaches to development, although its main focus will be the Indian government’s policies. However, one cannot understand these policies without some knowledge of their antecedents
belongings the assessors rated at less than £ 1. And by definition such records omit altogether those, unquestionably present in significant number, with nothing. Of all the fault-lines which are evident in our sources, it is not easy to identify a single one which had primacy in determining social development. It is hard, not only because the lines of tension were so diverse but because the life
Drawing on nearly a decade of wide-ranging, multidisciplinary research undertaken with young people and adults living and working in urban communities in Zambia, this jointly-authored book extends existing understandings of the use of sport to contribute to global development agendas has burgeoned over the last two decades. The book’s locally-centred and contextualized analysis represents an important departure from both the internationalist and evaluation-orientated research that has predominated in global sport for development. Offering wide-ranging historical, political, economic and social contextualization, it examines how a key period in the expansion of the sport for development sector unfolded in Zambia; considers the significance of varying degrees of integration and partnership practices between sport for development and development agencies at different levels; and outlines approaches to the provision of sport for development activities in various communities. Detailed examination of the lives, experiences and responses of young people involved in these activities, drawn from their own accounts, is a key feature of the book. Concluding reflections identify possibilities for enhancing understanding and improving research and evidence through methodologies which ‘localise global sport for development’. The book’s unique approach and content will be highly relevant to academic researchers and students studying sport and development across many different contexts.
At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the European Union (EU) stands out as an important regional organization. This book focuses on the influence of the World Bank on the EU development cooperation policy, with special emphasis on the Lomé Convention. It explains the influence of trade liberalisation on EU trade preferences and provides a comparative analysis of the content and direction of the policies developed towards the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP), the Mediterranean, Asia, Latin America and Eastern Europe. It looks at the trade-related directorates and their contribution to the phenomenon referred as 'trade liberalisation'. This includes trends towards the removal or elimination of trade preferences and the ideology underlying this reflected in and created by the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade/World Trade Organisation (GATT/WTO). The book examines the role of the mass media because the media are supposed to play a unique role in encouraging political reactions to humanitarian emergencies. The bolting on to development 'policy' of other continents, and the separate existence of a badly run Humanitarian Office (ECHO), brought the lie to the Maastricht Treaty telling us that the EU really had a coherent development policy. The Third World in general, and Africa in particular, are becoming important components in the EU's efforts to develop into a significant international player. The Cotonou Agreement proposes to end the preferential trade margins accorded to non-least developed ACP states in favour of more liberal free trade agreements strongly shaped by the WTO agenda.
Introduction Substantial evidence across disciplines – from neuroscience to economics – indicates that the early years of a child’s life are critical for building the foundation for optimal development. In settings affected by crisis, conflict, disaster and displacement, children are at particular risk. Primary caregivers often have fewer resources and less time to provide children with attention and necessary socio-emotional and cognitive stimulation ( Masten and Narayan, 2012 ). Risk factors for children are often multiplied in crises and conflict
15 Peace, multiculturalism and development Professor Kader Asmal Introduction Professor Kader Asmal spoke on the 4 February 2008 about the preoccupation of a lifetime of academic study, activism, work on constitutional ideals and public service – which was a passion for and commitment to human rights, equality, justice and development. He spoke from his own experience of life in a system that had lacked basic justice and equality: apartheid South Africa; he spoke as one who had been obliged to leave in order to find opportunity and where he worked diligently to
6 Alternative approaches to ‘development’ This chapter explores the argument that ‘development’ is much more than economic growth and involves a process of democratization that promotes the welfare of the people. Chapter 2 focused on the Indian constitution and political system and argued that, although British colonial rule led to the end of feudalism and to modernization in the area of government and politics, the British Indian state was not a democratic state. The democratization of Indian politics began with the birth of the Indian National Congress in 1885
EUD1 10/28/03 2:38 PM Page 1 1 EU development cooperation: from model to symbol? Karin Arts and Anna K. Dickson At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the European Union (EU) stands out as an important regional organisation. It entertains formalised relations with almost all other (groups of ) states. Although much of its attention is devoted to internal integration, obviously the European Union cannot and does not wish to be an isolated entity. Instead it has expressed the desire and ambition to take up a prominent place in the working of