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Geographical specialisation and inter-dependency
Jon Stobart

the first industrial region 3 uneven development Uneven development: geographical specialisation and inter-dependency New discoveries in metals, mines and minerals, new undertakings in trade, engines and manufactures . . . make England especially show a new and different face in many places.1 If England was, to use Peter Mathias’s phrase, the ‘First Industrial Nation’, then north-west England can lay strong claim to be the first industrial region. There are many English regions with a longer industrial history, some of which led in terms of certain key

in The first industrial region
Abstract only
Gervase Rosser

belongings the assessors rated at less than £ 1. And by definition such records omit altogether those, unquestionably present in significant number, with nothing. Of all the fault-lines which are evident in our sources, it is not easy to identify a single one which had primacy in determining social development. It is hard, not only because the lines of tension were so diverse but because the life

in Towns in medieval England
Chloe Campbell

In this chapter, the effects of biological thinking on attitudes towards African development and social policy in Kenya will be explored using juvenile delinquency, intelligence testing and mental health as examples. Debates about juvenile delinquency and criminal insanity were domestic aspects of a wider eugenic debate about African educability and social progress, but

in Race and empire
Gordon Pirie

The Secretary of State’s flight to India aboard an Imperial Airways aeroplane in 1926/27 was only one step toward the creation of Empire airways. Empire route development took place in stages. The network was not laid out in one grand sweep even though the guiding dream was always two imperial trunk lines, one to South Africa, and one to India and Australia (a commercial

in Air empire
A necessary dialogue

The substantive and methodological contributions of professional historians to development policy debates was marginal, whether because of the dominance of economists or the inability of historians to contribute. There are broadly three ways in which history matters for development policy. These include insistence on the methodological principles of respect for context, process and difference; history is a resource of critical and reflective self-awareness about the nature of the discipline of development itself; and history brings a particular kind of perspective to development problems . After establishing the key issues, this book explores the broad theme of the institutional origins of economic development, focusing on the cases of nineteenth-century India and Africa. It demonstrates that scholarship on the origins of industrialisation in England in the late eighteenth century suggests a gestation reaching back to a period during which a series of social institutional innovations were pioneered and extended to most citizens of England. The book examines a paradox in China where an emphasis on human welfare characterized the rule of the eighteenth-century Qing dynasty, and has been demonstrated in modern-day China's emphasis on health and education. It provides a discussion on the history of the relationship between ideology and policy in public health, sanitation in India's modern history and the poor health of Native Americans. The book unpacks the origins of public education, with a focus on the emergency of mass literacy in Victorian England and excavates the processes by which colonial education was indigenized throughout South-East Asia.

Jan Broadway

Chapter 3 . The development of regional networks I n his description of the decline of the Elizabethan Society of Antiquaries, Sir Henry Spelman referred to ‘many of the chief Supporters hereof either dying or withdrawing themselves from London into the Country’.1 Despite the importance of contacts on a national level for individual local historians, it was within the regions that the shape and content of local history was forged. These were works that grew out of the gentry society in which their authors lived; they described a largely idealised and

in ‘No historie so meete’
Anthony Musson and Edward Powell

problems of local justice was found in the development of the county circuits of assize and gaol delivery. Groups of commissioners hearing actions concerning landownership and property right (the petty or possessory assizes) and trying prisoners charged with felony held in royal (and privately owned) gaols had been sent into the provinces since Henry III’s reign supplementing the responsibility of the eyre for

in Crime, Law and Society in the Later Middle Ages
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Sue Wheatcroft

1 PREWAR DEVELOPMENTS Special education By 1939 disabled children had, for the purpose of determining their educational requirements, been divided into five official categories which were used by the evacuation authorities when arranging suitable accommodation in ‘safe’ areas. Before we discuss these evacuation arrangements, a clarification of each group of children should be made, along with a brief history of each category.1 The five groups were: • Blind • Deaf • Physically Defective (PD) • Epileptic • Mentally Defective (MD) The blind and the deaf Out of

in Worth saving
Health and medicine in the planning and politics of British Tanganyika
Walter Bruchhausen

Whereas health care is an important part of contemporary development co-operation with independent African nations – both in finances and in staff – the same cannot be said of the development discourses in late colonialism. The relationship between health and development was various and changing, thus inviting a closer look. This chapter

in Developing Africa
Sciences of development in Rhodesia's Native Affairs Department
Jocelyn Alexander

activity relied on the elaboration of new scientific practices and expertise, and in the institutionalisation of cadres of experts. It heralded an unprecedented intervention into the ways in which Africans lived and farmed. In Southern Rhodesia, this was the era of ‘technical development’. The bright promise of technical development did not, however, last long. Its rejection in favour of what was dubbed

in Science and society in southern Africa