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Paul Currion

. , Seem , M. and Lane , H. R. ( Minneapolis, MN : University of Minnesota Press ). Eisenstein , E. ( 2005 ), The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe ( Cambridge : Cambridge University Press ). Frontier Economics

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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International Relations theory and Germany
Richard Ned Lebow

development or evidence in support of or against particular theories. My data indicate that not all paradigms have an equal interest in the empirical world. Realists, liberals and constructivists are very interested in history. They refer extensively to countries and events mostly, but by no means exclusively, from 1914 up to the present day. The Western world gets more attention than the non-West. Some realists and constructivists engage early modern Europe or the ancient world. Liberals understandably have little interest in the pre-industrial and pre-democratic era

in Prussians, Nazis and Peaceniks
Poland, Romania, and Moldova
Jacek Lubecki and James W. Peterson

Republic is not under threat for the first time in a few centuries. Poland is safer than in any time of its modern and early modern history … However, indivisibility of security means that efforts to improve Poland’s security must start far away from the borders of the Republic. We firmly strive to assure that in the 21st century Poland will be not only a consumer, but also creator

in Defending Eastern Europe
Stuart Kaufman

Bosnian Muslims as ‘Islamic fundamentalists’, raising fears for the survival of the Serbian community in Bosnia. Croatian mythology paints the Croats as a single tribe, distinguished by their Catholicism and location as the ‘outer wall’ of Christian Europe’s defence against the early modern Ottomans. It also emphasises over a millennium of Croatian ‘statehood’, and as a result is ambivalent about the Ustashe interlude: as Franjo Tudjman put it, the Ustashe regime was simultaneously ‘a Fascist crime’ and an authentic expression of Croatian nationalist aspirations.23 The

in Limiting institutions?
Abstract only
Iver B. Neumann

the Chinese emperor, the human sacrifices in Mesoamerica and so on (Debord [1967] 1983 ). We often use theatre metaphors when we think of and speak of these things (Goffman [1959] 1990 , Cohen 1987 ), and with good reason: ethnologist Dorothy Noyes ( 2014 : 209) draws attention to how theatre was ‘the true public sphere of early modern Europe’. The theatre, a spectacle if there ever was one, may be seen as the further institutionalization of the public sphere, for contrary to ritual, it happened independently of (and often in opposition to) cultic religion, and

in Diplomatic tenses
The case of Harry Potter’s realms
Iver B. Neumann

research on the matter; Neumann 2016 ) that historically, English, German, French, Russian and Scandinavian literatures seem to treat the diplomat as a vain, over-sexed dipsomaniac. Paradigmatic examples include Albert Cohen’s Belle du Seigneur (1968) and William Boyd’s A Good Man in Africa (1981). We need research that may confirm or disconfirm this hunch, as well as disclosing other representations and regional variation around the world. An exemplar in this regard would be the work that has been done on early modern Europe (Hampton 2009 ). Painting is yet

in Diplomatic tenses
Lauren Wilcox

Butler, Puar, and others 34 who argue that imperialist power in the War on Terror works through racialised configurations of sexuality and sexual difference as enacted through violence, I suggest that drone warfare draws upon, and reproduces, sexual difference as a means towards racialisation. If we don’t take the drone as a sui generis technology of surveillance and death-dealing, nor other technological forms of detection, tracking, and targeting as purely late twentieth- and early twenty-first-century phenomenon, we can recognise precursors from the early modern

in Drone imaginaries
Humour, subjectivity and the everyday
Alister Wedderburn

. To consider humour as a ‘way of operating’, then, facilitates an engagement with the anxieties to be found at the limits (or in the ‘cracks’) of the political sphere. It is for this reason that Roland Bleiker cites early-modern carnival as an example of the sorts of ‘everyday forms of resistance’ that de Certeau takes as his objects of analysis ( Bleiker, 2000 : 203). Bleiker’s analysis demonstrates how carnival’s ‘popular culture of laughter’ was, on the one hand, productive and socially transformative, and yet on the other also reproduced particular (gendered and

in Humour, subjectivity and world politics
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Clowning and mass protest
Alister Wedderburn

tradition of carnival ( Notes from Nowhere, 2003 : 173–183; Bogad, 2016 : 111–154; de Goede, 2005 ; Özden Fırat and Kuryel, 2011b ; Shepard, 2005 ; Jordan, n.d.; cf. Grindon, 2004 ). The parallels between late-medieval/early-modern carnival and the ‘Carnival of the Oppressed’ held in Ogoni, Nigeria in 1999, the ‘Carnival against Capitalism’ held in London at the same time and the ‘Carnival for Full Enjoyment’ held in Edinburgh in 2005 should not be overstated ( Wiwa, 2003 ; Schlembach, 2016 : 124–128; Hodkinson and Chatterton, 2006 : 307). Nevertheless, it remains

in Humour, subjectivity and world politics
Systems and structures in an age of upheaval
Torbjørn L. Knutsen

and Robert P. Thomas who probed the old question of how Europe got rich. Their aim was traditional – it was to identify general conditions for economic growth (a worthy quest in an age when poverty plagued many newly independent nations). Their conclusions were original. As they studied the rise of European states, they discovered that several of the most important preconditions for growth were political and that were formed several centuries ago. North and Thomas (1973) delved into early modern history and compared the relatively rapid development of the United

in A history of International Relations theory (third edition)