15 Tales of two tigers The term ‘Celtic Tiger’ was first coined on 31 August 1994 by the author of an article in the newsletter of the American investment bank Morgan Stanley that suggested comparisons with the East Asian tiger economies.1 It was quickly adopted by Irish financial journalists and economists and soon became ubiquitous within media and political debates. In Inside the Celtic Tiger: The Irish Economy and the Asian Model (1998) Denis O’Hearn argued that the few widely agreed characteristics of tiger economies were largely descriptive and superficial
partnership, as in John's case, or with the help of intermediaries or as part of a self-organised journey, moving abroad is evidently a key node in their career trajectory and, as outlined in Chapter 5 , marks the moment when a young person's dream of ‘becoming a somebody’ seemingly materialises. However, arriving in Europe, South-East Asia or elsewhere is far from the end point of a player's journey. Rather, reaching what is often perceived in young players’ imaginations as the football Eldorado is seldom the ticket to a smooth and successful future career trajectory
7 Crystallising the ‘Nordic turn’ in Japan and patriarchal decline in China Introduction Peng and Wong explained that ‘exceptionalism’ or ‘welfare laggardness’ within the East Asian model of welfare regimes was blamed on shared Confucian heritages and legacies of patriarchal fatherhood, which held back welfare state development: respect for education, filial piety, deference to authority, patriarchy, and above all the centrality of the family and kinship ties in social organisation – constrained the development of more western conceptions of the welfare state
-events in very different and contrasting Western and non-Western contexts, to illustrate and reflect on them. Thus Chapter 7 focuses on the main non-Western region of East Asia, and specifically on its core, the People’s Republic of China. It looks into China’s economic development, its associated new and massive urbanisation processes, and the associated staging of a number of first- and second-order mega-events by Chinese cities. By contrast Chapter 8 focuses on a traditional and familiar Western mega-event host city, namely London, looking in particular at the 2012
of the Milo tin and its place in a small country in South-East Asia, Malaysia. Kereta tin Milo Putting aside the physical and chemical qualities of tin, among Malaysian laypeople the perception of tin often comes with a rather negative connotation. Specifically, tin is perceived as a low-quality metal. The reason for this has much to do with the Milo tins themselves. Besides feeding the people of Malaysia, Milo has also made a fascinating cultural mark on a
the norm among African players in Europe and South-East Asia (Poli, 2010a ; Büdel, 2013 ; Ungruhe and Büdel, 2016 ). Even reaching a modest level in a professional league abroad remains out of reach for most. Yet, at first glance, players’ mere presence in Europe or South-East Asia appears to open doors and increases their chances of carving out a career. Playing in these territories typically enables access to professional infrastructures, such as modern training facilities, highly qualified coaching staff and physiotherapists. This infrastructure can help
levels of the professional European game had increased to almost one thousand (Ricci, 2000 ). As the export trade in African players gathered pace in the 1980s and 1990s, the mobilities of these footballers increasingly encompassed markets beyond Europe. For example, intra-continental migration saw players move to other African states that were considered to be feeder nations to the European market (Alegi, 2010 ). African footballers also moved to South and South-East Asia in this period. For example, the Nigerian David Williams was the first
The spectacle of major cultural and sporting events can preoccupy modern societies. This book is concerned with contemporary mega-events, like the Olympics and Expos. Contemporary twenty-first-century macro-social changes are different from these first-phase modernisation processes, and thus they pose different problems of interpretation in relation to the mega-events they contextualise. The contemporary changes include the digital revolution, the global ecological crisis and qualitatively new and more complex forms of globalisation. Media related aspects of contemporary mega-events, particularly sports mega-events, in the context of the wider social impacts of the digital revolution are discussed in the first part of the book. The second part talks about urban and environmental aspects of mega-events, in a period of rapid urbanisation in many parts of the world and also of ecological crisis. It outlines how mega-events can be understood as being material as well as performative spectacles which are physically 'embedded' in cities as legacies Looking into mega-events' simultaneous record of creating new public spaces in modern cities. The second part also highlights the association of contemporary mega-events with urban impacts and legacies which are both green and space-making. The final part reflects on the contemporary global shift in mega-event locations and the wider context of this in complex globalisation and the changing geopolitical relations between the West and non-Western world regions. The focus is on main non-Western region of East Asia, and specifically on its core, the People's Republic of China.
This book examines the debates and processes that have shaped the modernisation of Ireland since the beginning of the twentieth century. There are compelling justifications for methodological nationalism using research and analysis focused on the jurisdiction of a nation-state. The nation-state remains a necessary unit of analysis not least because it is a unit of taxation and representation, a legal and political jurisdiction, a site of bounded loyalties and of identity politics. The book argues that nationalism in twenty-first-century Ireland is even more powerful and socially embedded than it was in de Valera's Ireland. It considers what kind of Ireland Pearse wanted to bring about. Pearse proposed a model that was very different from the already dominant Catholic model that did much to incubate modern Ireland. Beyond this, Catholicism offered a distinct response to modernity aimed at competing with the two main secular ideologies: liberalism and socialism. Women have been marginalised in most of the debates that shaped Ireland even where they were directly affected by them. One of the most picked-over episodes in twentieth-century Irish history has been the conflict surrounding the Mother and Child Scheme. The book examines this conflict as a starting point of an analysis of the place of women in post-independence Ireland. It further addresses the rise and fall of the Celtic Tiger, the name given to a period of rapid economic growth that was likened to the performance of East Asian 'tiger' economies.
Beautyscapes explores the rapidly developing global phenomenon of international medical travel, focusing specifically on patient-consumers seeking cosmetic surgery outside their home country and on those who enable them to access treatment abroad, including key figures such as surgeons and facilitators. Documenting the complex and sometimes fraught journeys of those who travel for treatment abroad, as well as the nature and power relations of the transnational IMT industry, this is the first book to focus specifically on cosmetic surgery tourism. A rich and theoretically sophisticated ethnography, Beautyscapes draws on key themes in studies of globalisation and mobility, such as gender and class, neoliberalism, social media, assemblage, conviviality and care, to explain the nature and growing popularity of cosmetic surgery tourism. The book challenges myths about vain and ill-informed travellers seeking surgery from ‘cowboy’ foreign doctors, yet also demonstrates the difficulties and dilemmas that medical tourists – especially cosmetic surgery tourists – face. Vividly illustrated with ethnographic material and with the voices of those directly involved in cosmetic surgery tourism, Beautyscapes is based on a large research project exploring cosmetic surgery journeys from Australia and China to East Asia and from the UK to Europe and North Africa.