Tales of two tigers
The term ‘Celtic Tiger’ was first coined on 31 August 1994 by the author
of an article in the newsletter of the American investment bank Morgan
Stanley that suggested comparisons with the EastAsian tiger economies.1 It was quickly adopted by Irish financial journalists and economists and soon became ubiquitous within media and political debates.
In Inside the Celtic Tiger: The Irish Economy and the Asian Model
(1998) Denis O’Hearn argued that the few widely agreed characteristics
of tiger economies were largely descriptive and superficial
partnership, as in John's case, or with the help of intermediaries or as part of a self-organised journey, moving abroad is evidently a key node in their career trajectory and, as outlined in Chapter 5 , marks the moment when a young person's dream of ‘becoming a somebody’ seemingly materialises. However, arriving in Europe, South-EastAsia or elsewhere is far from the end point of a player's journey. Rather, reaching what is often perceived in young players’ imaginations as the football Eldorado is seldom the ticket to a smooth and successful future career trajectory
Crystallising the ‘Nordic turn’ in Japan and
patriarchal decline in China
Peng and Wong explained that ‘exceptionalism’ or ‘welfare laggardness’ within the
EastAsian model of welfare regimes was blamed on shared Confucian heritages
and legacies of patriarchal fatherhood, which held back welfare state development:
respect for education, filial piety, deference to authority, patriarchy, and above all the
centrality of the family and kinship ties in social organisation – constrained the development of more western conceptions of the welfare state
very different and contrasting Western and non-Western contexts, to illustrate
and reflect on them. Thus Chapter 7 focuses on the main non-Western region
of EastAsia, and specifically on its core, the People’s Republic of China. It looks
into China’s economic development, its associated new and massive urbanisation processes, and the associated staging of a number of first- and second-order
mega-events by Chinese cities. By contrast Chapter 8 focuses on a traditional
and familiar Western mega-event host city, namely London, looking in particular at the 2012
the norm among African players in Europe and South-EastAsia (Poli, 2010a ; Büdel, 2013 ; Ungruhe and Büdel, 2016 ). Even reaching a modest level in a professional league abroad remains out of reach for most. Yet, at first glance, players’ mere presence in Europe or South-EastAsia appears to open doors and increases their chances of carving out a career. Playing in these territories typically enables access to professional infrastructures, such as modern training facilities, highly qualified coaching staff and physiotherapists. This infrastructure can help
levels of the professional European game had increased to almost one thousand (Ricci, 2000 ).
As the export trade in African players gathered pace in the 1980s and 1990s, the mobilities of these footballers increasingly encompassed markets beyond Europe. For example, intra-continental migration saw players move to other African states that were considered to be feeder nations to the European market (Alegi, 2010 ). African footballers also moved to South and South-EastAsia in this period. For example, the Nigerian David Williams was the first
The book reports on a major mixed-methods research project on dining out in England. It is a re-study of the populations of three cities – London, Bristol and Preston – based on a unique systematic comparison of behaviour between 2015 and 1995. It reveals social differences in practice and charts the dynamic relationship between eating in and eating out. It addresses topics including the changing frequency and meaning of dining out, patterns of domestic hospitality, changing domestic divisions of labour around food preparation, the variety of culinary experience for different sections of the population, class differences in taste and the pleasures and satisfactions associated with eating out. It shows how the practice of eating out in the three cities has evolved over twenty years. The findings are put in the context of controversies about the nature of taste, the role of social class, the application of theories of practice and the effects of institutional change in the UK. The subject matter is central to many disciplines: Food Studies, Sociology, Anthropology, Cultural Studies, Marketing, Hospitality and Tourism Studies, Media and Communication, Social History, Social and Cultural Geography. It is suitable for scholars, researchers, postgraduate students and advanced undergraduate students in the UK, Europe, North America and East Asia. Academic interest in the book should be accentuated by its theoretical, methodological and substantive aspects. It will also be of interest to the catering trades and a general readership on the back of burgeoning interest in food and eating fostered by mass and social media.
Beautyscapes explores the rapidly developing global phenomenon of
international medical travel, focusing specifically on patient-consumers seeking
cosmetic surgery outside their home country and on those who enable them to
access treatment abroad, including key figures such as surgeons and
facilitators. Documenting the complex and sometimes fraught journeys of those
who travel for treatment abroad, as well as the nature and power relations of
the transnational IMT industry, this is the first book to focus specifically on
cosmetic surgery tourism. A rich and theoretically sophisticated ethnography,
Beautyscapes draws on key themes in studies of globalisation and
mobility, such as gender and class, neoliberalism, social media, assemblage,
conviviality and care, to explain the nature and growing popularity of cosmetic
surgery tourism. The book challenges myths about vain and ill-informed
travellers seeking surgery from ‘cowboy’ foreign doctors, yet also demonstrates
the difficulties and dilemmas that medical tourists – especially cosmetic
surgery tourists – face. Vividly illustrated with ethnographic material and with
the voices of those directly involved in cosmetic surgery tourism,
Beautyscapes is based on a large research project exploring cosmetic
surgery journeys from Australia and China to East Asia and from the UK to Europe
and North Africa.
This book examines the debates and processes that have shaped the modernisation of Ireland since the beginning of the twentieth century. There are compelling justifications for methodological nationalism using research and analysis focused on the jurisdiction of a nation-state. The nation-state remains a necessary unit of analysis not least because it is a unit of taxation and representation, a legal and political jurisdiction, a site of bounded loyalties and of identity politics. The book argues that nationalism in twenty-first-century Ireland is even more powerful and socially embedded than it was in de Valera's Ireland. It considers what kind of Ireland Pearse wanted to bring about. Pearse proposed a model that was very different from the already dominant Catholic model that did much to incubate modern Ireland. Beyond this, Catholicism offered a distinct response to modernity aimed at competing with the two main secular ideologies: liberalism and socialism. Women have been marginalised in most of the debates that shaped Ireland even where they were directly affected by them. One of the most picked-over episodes in twentieth-century Irish history has been the conflict surrounding the Mother and Child Scheme. The book examines this conflict as a starting point of an analysis of the place of women in post-independence Ireland. It further addresses the rise and fall of the Celtic Tiger, the name given to a period of rapid economic growth that was likened to the performance of East Asian 'tiger' economies.
The spectacle of major cultural and sporting events can preoccupy modern societies. This book is concerned with contemporary mega-events, like the Olympics and Expos. Contemporary twenty-first-century macro-social changes are different from these first-phase modernisation processes, and thus they pose different problems of interpretation in relation to the mega-events they contextualise. The contemporary changes include the digital revolution, the global ecological crisis and qualitatively new and more complex forms of globalisation. Media related aspects of contemporary mega-events, particularly sports mega-events, in the context of the wider social impacts of the digital revolution are discussed in the first part of the book. The second part talks about urban and environmental aspects of mega-events, in a period of rapid urbanisation in many parts of the world and also of ecological crisis. It outlines how mega-events can be understood as being material as well as performative spectacles which are physically 'embedded' in cities as legacies Looking into mega-events' simultaneous record of creating new public spaces in modern cities. The second part also highlights the association of contemporary mega-events with urban impacts and legacies which are both green and space-making. The final part reflects on the contemporary global shift in mega-event locations and the wider context of this in complex globalisation and the changing geopolitical relations between the West and non-Western world regions. The focus is on main non-Western region of East Asia, and specifically on its core, the People's Republic of China.