T HE SHORT TITLE to this
chapter conceals the host of complex geographical, historical,
definitional and ideational factors inherent in any attempt to
understand what is meant either by ‘security’ in a given
region, or the very definition of ‘EastAsia’ itself in
this particular case. EastAsia is not a legally definable entity;
it is not bound
Regional security isolationism during the Cold War
During the Cold War, Japan pursued a strategy of regional security isolationism. This isolationism rested on two pillars. First, Japan abstained from direct involvement in regional security. Tokyo refused even to discuss regional security with other EastAsian countries. Second, Japan entrusted its stake in regional security to American hands. Tokyo’s contribution to regional security was indirect and passive. Japan passively served as the major Asian platform
these endogenous regional drivers has been the exogenous factor of the US’s declining ability to singly maintain the burden of the EastAsia security framework ( Goh, 2011 ). Endogenous and exogenous factors have led to what some scholars call bipolarisation of the South China Sea ( Burgess, 2016 ). Lastly, political stability under the Abe administration has enabled a more sustained, engaged and proactive foreign policy, making Japan a more reliable partner in the areas of economic, political and security cooperation ( Mark, 2016 ).
This book provides the first comprehensive analysis of Japan’s new security
partnerships with Australia, India, countries and multilateral security
structure in East Asia, as well as with the EU and some of its member
states. Most books on Japanese bilateral relations focus exclusively on the
Japanese perspective, the debate in Japan, positions of Japanese government
leaders and parties, or the public discourse. This edited volume is organized in
pairs of chapters, one each analysing the motivations and objectives of Japan,
and a second analysing those of each of the most important new security
partners. After solely relying on the United States for its national
security needs during the Cold War, since the end of the Cold War, Japan has
begun to deepen its bilateral security ties. Since the mid-2000s under LDP and
DPJ administrations, bilateral security partnerships accelerated and today go
beyond non-traditional security issue are as and extend far into traditional
security and military affairs, including the exchange and joint acquisition of
military hardware, military exercises, and capacity building. It is argued, that
these developments will have implications for the security architecture in the
Asia-Pacific. This book is a primer for those interested in Japan’s security
policy beyond the US-Japan security alliance, non-American centred bilateral and
multilateral security cooperation through the eyes of Japanese as well as
partner country perspectives. It is also an ideal as a course reading for
graduate courses on regional security cooperation and strategic partnerships,
and Japanese foreign and security policy.
Geopolitics and capitalist development in the Asia-Pacific
The historical experience of the EastAsian region,
particularly its unparalleled, rapid and largely unexpected economic
development over the last 50 years or so, has a number of important
implications. Indeed, if economic development is taken as one of the
most fundamental preconditions for the accomplishment of more
encompassing forms of security that promote human
partnership. It addresses these two corollary problems: What are the external and domestic factors that account for the increasing security cooperation between the Philippines and Japan? And what is the state of this security partnership? It also looks into these related issues: What is the origin of the Philippine–Japan security partnership? How has China’s maritime expansion in EastAsia affected the security policies of these two countries? What are the components of the Philippine–Japan security cooperation? And finally, how will this security partnership evolve over
S. Förster (eds.), The Shadows
of Total War: Europe, EastAsia and the United States, 1919–1939
(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003), p. 64.
7 T. Baumann and D. M. Segesser, ‘Shadows of total war in British and
French military journals’, in Chickering and Förster, Shadows of Total War,
v 64 v
8 M. Benteli, D. Jay, and J.-P. Jeancolas, ‘Le cinema français: thèmes et public’, in R. Rémond and J. Bourdin (eds.), La France et les français en 1938–9
(Paris: Presses de la fondation nationale des sciences politiques, Paris,
This book addresses some of the neglected problems, people and vulnerabilities of the Asia-Pacific region. It talks about emancipation, human security, 'security politics', language and threat-construction. The book is divided into three sections: agents; strategies and contexts; and futures. The first section outlines a range of possible agents or actors potentially capable of redressing individual suffering and vulnerability in the region. It examines East Asian regional institutions and dynamics of regionalism as potential sources of 'progressive' security discourses and practices. There is focus on the progressive security potential of regional institutions and regionalism has become increasingly prominent in literature on security in the Asia-Pacific. Two common interpretations of the role of epistemic communities in the construction of security are contested: that they are either passive sources of governmental legitimacy, or autonomous agents with the capacity of constructing or creating state interests. The second section reviews strategies and contexts, outlining a range of different sites of insecurity in the region, the ways in which dominant security discourses and practices emerge, and the extent to which such discourses are contested in different contexts. Indonesian government's approach to minority groups and separatism, the issue of civil unrest and human rights abuses in Burma, and the Australian government's attitude towards refugees and asylum-seekers are discussed. The third section deals with security futures, specifically discussing the question of what alternative security discourses and practices might look like. Finally, the book outlines a feminist critical security discourse and examines its applicability to the Asia-Pacific region.
1 Tong Yanqi and Lei Shaohua, ‘Large-scale mass incidents in China,’ EastAsian Policy 2:2 (2010): 23–33.
2 See Gardner Bovingdon, Autonomy in Xinjiang: Han Nationalist Imperatives and Uyghur Discontent , Policy Studies 11 (Washington, DC: East-West Center, 2004); Martin I. Wayne, ‘Inside China's war on terrorism,’ Journal of Contemporary China 18:59 (2009): 249–61.
3 See Christopher P. Cunningham, ‘Counterterrorism in Xinjiang: The ETIM, China, and the Uyghurs,’ International Journal on World Peace 29:3 (2012): 7–50; Collin
to the US armed forces.
The use of amphetamines did not stop with the end of the Second World War.
These drugs were also widely used by both sides during the Korean War and in
other subsequent South EastAsian conflicts; as reported by a member of the
US Air Force, these pills were available ‘like candy’ during the
Vietnam War (Cornum, Caldwell and Cornum, 1997 ). Nowadays, the use of dextroamphetamine (known
as a ‘go