Alex Schafran, Matthew Noah Smith, and Stephen Hall
commodities or objects or outputs, a common way of seeing in economics. Then we reimagine ideas familiar to economists such as substitutability, excludability and rivalry through the lens of systems thinking, as opposed to the commodity-focused approach from mainstream economics. Not only do we work to detach these ideas from commodity-focused imaginations, we also use these ideas to show the limits of ideologies attached to institutional type and scale.
Finally, we bring the two parts together in a series of questions which offer an initial – and partial
community or organisation. Rather, they comprise a multi-layered,
multi-regional and even multi-national culture that contributes to the Irish
economy and the social life of many.
The representation of Ireland and Irish culture on the global stage is an
integral part of the politics and economics of the nation, exemplified by the
prominent role of the arts in discussions at the 2009 Global Irish Economic
Forum (White, 2010). Irish traditional music is integrally connected to Irish
identity but the identity represented by Irish traditional music has changed
This book examines how material systems such as transportation, energy and
housing form the basis of human freedom. It begins by explaining this linkage by
defining reliance systems, the basic way in which we become free to act not only
as a result of our bodily capabilities or the absence of barriers but because of
collectively produced systems. As virtually all of us rely on such systems –
water, food, energy, healthcare, etc. – for freedom, the book argues that they
must form the centre of a twenty-first-century politics. Rather than envisioning
a healthier politics of reliance systems exclusively through rights or justice
or deliberative democracy, we argue that they must become the centre of a new
social contract. More specifically, we discuss the politics of reliance systems
as a set of spatial contracts. Spatial contracts are the full set of politics
governing any given system, and as such they are historically, geographically
and system specific. In order to fully understand spatial contracts, we develop
an analytical framework focused on three areas. Seeing like a system shows how
systems thinking can enable us to avoid ideological approaches to understanding
given spatial contracts, repurposing key ideas from mainstream and heterodox
economics. Seeing like a settlement shows how systems come together in space to
form human settlements, and exposes key political divides between urban and
rural, and formal and informal. Adapting Iris Marion Young’s five faces of
oppression enables an understanding of the specific ways in which reliance
systems can be exploitative.
As the tragedy of the Grenfell Tower fire of 14 June 2017 has slowly revealed a shadowy background of outsourcing and deregulation, and a council turning a blind eye to health and safety concerns, many questions need answers. Stuart Hodkinson has those answers. Safe as Houses weaves together Stuart’s research over the last decade with residents’ groups in council regeneration projects across London to provide the first comprehensive account of how Grenfell happened and how it could easily have happened in multiple locations across the country. It draws on examples of unsafe housing either refurbished or built by private companies under the Private Finance Initiative (PFI) to show both the terrible human consequences of outsourcing and deregulation and how the PFI has enabled developers, banks and investors to profiteer from highly lucrative, taxpayer-funded contracts. The book also provides shocking testimonies of how councils and other public bodies have continuously sided with their private partners, doing everything in their power to ignore, deflect and even silence those who speak out. The book concludes that the only way to end the era of unsafe regeneration and housing provision is to end the disastrous regime of self-regulation. This means strengthening safety laws, creating new enforcement agencies independent of government and industry, and replacing PFI and similar models of outsourcing with a new model of public housing that treats the provision of shelter as ‘a social service’ democratically accountable to its residents.
Social class, the left-behind, migration and the history of underclass
occupations as exemplified by the demographics, including ethnicity, of car
wash attendants. Mobilities, the cocooning effect of the car cockpit and the
discombobulation of temporarily evacuated drivers bringing their car for
valeting at car wash enterprises. Employment structures and practices of car
washes and the economics of the geographical distribution of car wash
enterprises within urban landscapes. Semaphore, sign and cross-languaging in
bottom-rung car wash businesses. Aspiration, rags-to-riches myths and film
fantasies connecting British car wash work with the American Dream. The
interrelated economic histories of car wash employment and taxi driving.
Manchester: Something rich and strange challenges us to see the quintessential
post-industrial city in new ways. Bringing together twenty-three diverse writers
and a wide range of photographs of Greater Manchester, it argues that how we see
the city can have a powerful effect on its future – an urgent question given how
quickly the urban core is being transformed. The book uses sixty different words
to speak about the diversity of what we think of as Manchester – whether the
chimneys of its old mills, the cobbles mostly hidden under the tarmac, the
passages between terraces, or the everyday act of washing clothes in a
laundrette. Unashamedly down to earth in its focus, this book makes the case for
a renewed imaginative relationship that recognises and champions the fact that
we’re all active in the making and unmaking of urban spaces.
tied to, from the steps of the Cotton Exchange. This is more
difficult now, but Manchester – contra the cliches surrounding the
city – was a forerunner in alienation.
Of course, bonds and shares do not emerge directly from
Manchester; they have a much longer history, in the form of loan
certification to pay for wars and other urgencies. But the high
abstractions of contemporary finance, the ways in which economics, people – labour – and social life, become viewed instrumentally
and thus divorced from each other, is very particularly Mancunian.
Manchester’s bee symbol
formulation the ‘economic’ is conceived as the realm of market interactions characteristic of world trade, held to
be separate from the ‘political’ as the realm of state interactions characteristic
of IR. IPE becomes a field of study ‘concerned with the political determinants
of international economic relations’ (Krasner, 1996: 108). The separate and
unitary realms of politics and economics are conceived as in a linear relationship of tension: ‘The tension between these two fundamentally different ways
of ordering human relationships has profoundly shaped the course of
Urban presence and uncertain futures in African cities
Michael Keith and Andreza Aruska de Souza Santos
’ in African cities, whether it is conventional understandings of housing markets, received wisdoms on city resilience or transport planning or the ‘modernisation’ of waste, water and energy systems. It explores what it might mean for citizens and city halls to consider what happens if different forms of knowledge production – for example urban economics, risk and resilience, ecosystems analysis and engineering logics – are deemed fundamentally incommensurable.
In this sense it makes an old case for cities to understand the importance of local
polemical point, but on another it represents
the wider income gap in Britain. It also shows Manchester to be
what the late Rosemary Mellor described in 2002 as a ‘hypocritical
city’. Mellor’s comments have only become more acute over the
years and are backed up by the damning Centre for Research on
Socio-Cultural Change/London School of Economics report on
Manchester in 2016.
The homeless protesters were denied legal aid in their court
battle with the city council, and the council eventually won an
injunction to ban the protesters from camping anywhere in the