Health Economics Linda Davies and Gemma Shields Chapter overview Evidence is needed to inform and guide the choices that healthcare organisations make in relation to how budgets are spent. The associated costs and benefits of health treatments are key components of such decisions. An economic evaluation is a way of systematically identifying the costs and benefits of different health activities and comparing these to make an informed decision about the best course of action based on the evidence available. Economic evaluations can also be used to identify
This handbook is written for patients and members of the public who want to understand more about the approaches, methods and language used by health-services researchers. Patient and public involvement (PPI) in research is now a requirement of most major health-research programmes, and this book is designed to equip these individuals with the knowledge and skills necessary for meaningful participation. Edited by award-winning mental-health researchers, the book has been produced in partnership with mental-health-service users and carers with experience of research involvement. It includes personal reflections from these individuals alongside detailed information on quantitative, qualitative and health-economics research methods, and comprehensively covers all the basics needed for large-scale health research projects: systematic reviews; research design and analysis using both qualitative and quantitative approaches; health economics; research ethics; impact and dissemination. This book was developed during a five-year research programme funded by the UK’s National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) called Enhancing the Quality of User Involved Care Planning in Mental Health Services (EQUIP). The handbook clearly outlines research practices, and gives an insight into how public and patient representatives can be involved in them and shape decisions. Each chapter ends with a reflective exercise, and there are also some suggested sources of additional reading. People who get involved in health research as experts from experience now have a textbook to support their research involvement journey.
. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 25(:4),:355Department of Health (2007) Information sheets 366, doi: 10.1111/inm.12201. and consent forms guidance for researchers and reviewers, version 3.1. London: DH. Seidelman, W. (1996) Nuremberg lamentation: for the forgotten victims of medical science. Flood, C., Bowers, L., and Parkin, D. (2008) British Medical Journal, 313:,1463. Estimating the costs of conflict and containment on adult acute inpatient psychiatric wards. Weindling, P. (2005) Nazi Medicine and the Nursing Economics, 26(:5):,325-30. Nuremberg Trials: From
, South East Asia Community Observatory (SEACO) is a generic research platform capable of supporting a wide range of multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary research in the clinical and biomedical sciences, the social sciences, economics, education and environmental sciences. Pascale is using the platform for longitudinal life-course monitoring of health and well-being at a population level. She feels that traditional methods of collecting data, which typically involve interviews at specific points in time, would offer a limited perspective, since interviewees often
particularly allied to policymakers’ needs; for example, economics proves amenable to evidence-based policymaking (Keith, 2008 ; McLaughlin and Turcotte, 2007 ; Sharpe, 1975 ). Just as we might expect in a book focused on communication, there are, then, problems around differing needs in such a process, and a process which is still very much in its infancy: ‘Evidence-based policy is much like all trysts, in which hope springs eternal and often outweighs expectancy, and for which the future is uncertain as we wait to know whether the partnership will flower or pass