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Benoît Pouget

Based on a study of intersecting French archives (those of the Val de Grâce Hospital, the Service Historique de la Défense and the Archives Diplomatiques), and with the support of numerous printed sources, this article focuses on the handling of the bodies of French soldiers who died of cholera during the Crimean War (1854–56). As a continuation of studies done by historians Luc Capdevila and Danièle Voldman, the aim here is to consider how the diseased corpses of these soldiers reveal both the causes and circumstances of their deaths. Beyond the epidemiological context, these dead bodies shed light on the sanitary conditions and suffering resulting from years of military campaigns. To conclude, the article analyses the material traces left by these dead and the way that the Second Empire used them politically, giving the remains of leaders who died on the front lines of the cholera epidemic a triumphant return to the country and a state funeral.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
The last Saite ruler, Psamtek III
Roger Forshaw

7 Fall of the house of Sais: the last Saite ruler, Psamtek III The Persian threat Towards the end of the reign of Ahmose II, the Persian Empire, which had been increasing in size and power for a number of years, posed a serious threat to Egypt. Now it seemed only a question of time before Persia was to launch an attack on Egypt. For the events of this period, and its immediate aftermath, we have to rely primarily on Classical sources, chiefly Herodotus (III, 1–38). This particularly biased version of the ensuing Persian conquest has created an influential

in Egypt of the Saite pharaohs, 664–525 BC
Roger Forshaw

2 Kushite and Assyrian invaders The end of the eighth century and the first half of the seventh century BC witnessed the Kushite conquest of Egypt, and subsequent clashes between the Egyptian-Kushite forces and those of the Assyrian Empire. These conflicts eventually resulted in the expulsion of the Kushites from Egypt, the rise to power of the Kingdom of the West centred at Sais and the departure of the Assyrians. Nubia (Kush) The Kushite invaders who went on to rule Egypt originated from the land recognised today as Nubia and are known to Egyptology as the 25

in Egypt of the Saite pharaohs, 664–525 BC
Abstract only
Collecting networks and the museum
Samuel J.M.M. Alberti

’s collecting activities, rather than detail every acquisition, or embarking upon a prosopographical survey, I seeks trends and patterns, illuminated by key acquisitions, from geological and Egyptological founding gifts (many of them in fact loans) to the botanical and archaeological fieldwork of the late twentieth century. This is thereby a qualitative analysis of museum acquisition, complementing recent studies that have assessed the history of collecting in quantitative terms.7 Foundation and empire8 The Manchester Museum and other civic collections expanded in their early

in Nature and culture
Abstract only
Objects, disciplines and the Manchester Museum

At the turn of the nineteenth century, museums in Europe and North America were at their largest and most powerful. New buildings were bigger; objects flooded into them, and more people visited them than ever before. The Manchester Museum is an ideal candidate for understanding cultures of display in twentieth-century Britain. It is a treasure trove of some four million priceless objects that are irreplaceable and unique. Like many large European collections, the origins of the Manchester Museum are to be found in a private cabinet: that of John Leigh Philips. This book traces the fate of his cabinet from his death in 1814. The establishment of the Manchester Natural History Society (MNHS) allowed naturalists to carve out a space in Manchester's cultural landscape. The Manchester Museum's development was profoundly affected by the history of the University in which it operated. In January 1868, the Natural History Society formally dissolved, and an interim commission took control of its collections; the Manchester Geological Society transferred its collections the following year. The new collection was to be purely scientific, comprising geology, zoology and botany, with no place for some of the more exotic specimens of the Society. The objects in the collection became part of Manchester's civic identity, bringing with them traces of science, empire and the exotic. Other museological changes were afoot in the 1990s. Natural history collections became key sites for public engagement with environmental issues and biodiversity and more recently as sites for exhibiting art.

Author: Roger Forshaw

This volume discusses the history, culture and social conditions of one of the less well-known periods of ancient Egypt, the Saite or 26th Dynasty (664–525 BC). In the 660s BC Egypt was a politically fragmented and occupied country. This is an account of how Psamtek I, a local ruler from Sais in northern Egypt, declared independence from its overlord, the Assyrian Empire, and within ten years brought about the reunification of the country after almost four hundred years of disunity and periods of foreign domination. Over the next century and a half, the Saite rulers were able to achieve stability and preserve Egypt’s independence as a sovereign state against powerful foreign adversaries. Central government was established, a complex financial administration was developed and Egypt’s military forces were reorganised. The Saites successfully promoted foreign trade, peoples from different countries settled in Egypt and Egypt recovered a prominent role in the Mediterranean world. There were innovations in culture, religion and technology, and Egypt became prosperous. This era was a high-achieving one and is often neglected in the literature devoted to ancient Egypt. Egypt of the Saite Pharaohs, 664–525 BC reveals the dynamic nature of the period, the astuteness of the Saite rulers and their considerable achievements in the political, economic, administrative and cultural spheres.

Foreign relations and internal reforms
Roger Forshaw

. Strategically, with the demise of Assyrian power and the increasing peril posed by the rise of the Babylonian Empire, there was now a need to create a buffer zone to prevent the Babylonians directly threatening Egypt. The Babylonian textual evidence indicates that Egypt therefore not only campaigned in the Levant in 616 BC but was now fighting alongside Assyria, its one-time overlord, against the Babylonians. Chronicle 2,35 which is a report on the early years of Nabopolassar’s rule, contains no reference to Egypt when recording the conflict between Assyria and Babylonia in

in Egypt of the Saite pharaohs, 664–525 BC
Open Access (free)
Antonín Salač and the French School at Athens
Thea De Armond

). It is not surprising that the history of Classical archaeology maps onto geopolitics. After all, with their shared claims to universality, Classics and empire have much in common (Porter, 2006; Bradley, 2010); Classical materials – like so many other desirable goods – gravitate toward power. Of course, Classics has never been the sole provenance of the powerful. Even the geopolitically ‘marginal’ have sought their share of Classical culture (see Stephens and Vasunia, 2010), to say nothing of so-called ‘source’ nations such as Greece and Italy (see Hamilakis, 2007

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Art, process, archaeology

This book presents a study of material images and asks how an appreciation of the making and unfolding of images and art alters archaeological accounts of prehistoric and historic societies. With contributions focusing on case studies including prehistoric Britain, Scandinavia, Iberia, the Americas and Dynastic Egypt, and including contemporary reflections on material images, it makes a novel contribution to ongoing debates relating to archaeological art and images. The book offers a New Materialist analysis of archaeological imagery, with an emphasis on considering the material character of images and their making and unfolding. The book reassesses the predominantly representational paradigm of archaeological image analysis and argues for the importance of considering the ontology of images. It considers images as processes or events and introduces the verb ‘imaging’ to underline the point that images are conditions of possibility that draw together differing aspects of the world. The book is divided into three sections: ‘Emergent images’, which focuses on practices of making; ‘Images as process’, which examines the making and role of images in prehistoric societies; and ‘Unfolding images’, which focuses on how images change as they are made and circulated. The book features contributions from archaeologists, Egyptologists, anthropologists and artists. The contributors to the book highlight the multiple role of images in prehistoric and historic societies, demonstrating that archaeologists need to recognise the dynamic and changeable character of images.

Felix Kanitz and Balkan archaeology
Vladimir V. Mihajlović

; Horel, 2011: 16–17; Teichner, 2015: 7). At the age of 14 he started training as an illustrator at the studio of the famous illustrator Vincenz Grimm (1800–72) in Pest. Grimm was a very important figure in Hungarian artistic circles of the time – he was the founder of the ROBERTS 9781526134554 PRINT.indd 189 03/12/2019 08:56 190 Communities and knowledge production in archaeology Pest Art Society (Pesti műegylet) – and, likewise, close friend to numerous politicians and scholars in the Habsburg Empire (Horel, 2011: 17; Timotijević, 2011: 94). As a result, while

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology