Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 1,084 items for :

  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Security and defense realities of East-Central Europe
James W. Peterson and Jacek Lubecki

Pre-history: East-Central Europe prior to the nineteenth century and the emergence of modern empires – Poland’s partitions By around 1000 AD, the medieval entities of Bohemia/Moravia, Poland, and Hungary (but not Slovakia) emerged from the chaos of the early Middle Ages as Western (Latin) Christian states. For all three, their ethnic centers happened to correspond roughly to where the respective

in Defense policies of East-Central European countries after 1989
Selective humanity in the Anglophone world

This book examines the shifting relationship between humanitarianism and the expansion, consolidation and postcolonial transformation of the Anglophone world across three centuries.

Rather than exploring this relationship within a generalised narrative, an introductory essay sets out its key features throughout the imperial and post-imperial period, before carefully selected chapters explore trade-offs between humane concern and the altered context of colonial and postcolonial realpolitik with case studies distributed between the late eighteenth and late twentieth centuries.

Together, the collection enables us to tease out the relationship between British humanitarian concerns and the uneven imagination and application of emancipation; the shifting tensions between ameliorative humanitarianism and assertive human rights; the specificities of humanitarian governance; the shifting locales of humanitarian donors, practitioners and recipients as decolonisation reconfigured imperial relationships; and the overarching question of who Anglo humanitarianism is for.

Daniel W. B. Lomas

In the imperial sphere, the Labour government pursued a policy of ‘conservatism decked out to appear … progressive’. 2 Retreat from the Indian subcontinent led to renewed attempts to preserve British influence throughout the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa as ministers and officials attempted to redevelop the Empire along new lines. While numerous studies have focused on colonial development and

in Intelligence, security and the Attlee governments, 1945–51
Philip Cunliffe

Chapter 4 Failed states, failed empires and the new paternalism In 2014 the people of Crimea voted to secede from Ukraine and join with Russia. For a vote held in haste and in a territory that had already been occupied by Russian special forces in any case, the Crimean secessionists demonstrated remarkable care in seeking to ground their efforts in international law: they cited as precedent the ruling of the International Court of Justice when it found that the secession of Kosovo from Serbia in 2008 did not breach international law. The 2008 Russian

in Cosmopolitan dystopia
Alan Lester

the effects of humanitarianism in the world, we need to take these broader governmental imperatives and the compromises and limitations which they compel into account. 4 This chapter focuses on what many have regarded as a foundational moment in the history of modern Western humanitarianism: the abolition of slavery within the British Empire. 5 It develops a holistic analysis of the governance of a process celebrated by

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
José Luís Fiori

, during what Fernand Braudel called the ‘long sixteenth century’ (1450–1650), and it has since expanded continuously inside and outside Europe, with particularly important ‘waves’ during the nineteenth century and the second half of the twentieth century. Throughout this period, the European state system has conquered and incorporated other continental territories, empires and peoples, which, bit by bit, have adopted the rules of coexistence established by the Peace of Westphalia, declared in 1648, at the end of the Thirty Years War. The Peace of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Visual Advocacy in the Early Decades of Humanitarian Cinema
Valérie Gorin

followed relief operations for starving populations, refugees and genocide survivors in Central and Eastern European countries. The defeat of Germany and the partitioning of multinational empires led to the creation of new states, thus sending millions of displaced persons on the road, which – together with the war – provoked unprecedented deprivations throughout Europe. The 1917 Bolshevik Revolution and the civil war in Russia also threatened Central Europe to fall under Soviet influence. The 1921–22 Russian famine thus triggered a large-scale international response

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe

crisis was framed very much in terms of (anti-)colonialism. Irish missionaries, in particular, liked to frame what was happening to the Biafrans as akin to what the Irish had experienced in the British Empire. The spectre of famine was particularly significant in this respect. The phrase ‘The Great Hunger’ – which had been popularised as the title of Cecil Woodham-Smith’s hugely successful 1962 book – was used repeatedly by Irish missionaries and NGOs in relation to Biafra

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Olivia Umurerwa Rutazibwa

understand what’s happening around the world today as if there haven’t been people… theorising racism, nationalism, empire and gender for a century and warning of exactly what we see now.’ Moulded by Eurocentric knowledge systems, most of us react to such developments with utter shock. We – an imagined citizenry of respectable democracies – are horrified and appalled at how far we have been dragged from our liberal, more-or-less progressive self-image. And we are invited to consider whether we might be witnessing the end of the liberal humanitarian

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan and Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair

. Projects like these were vital in opening questions about institutional (and sectoral) memory and communities of practice. Equally significantly, they grew in tandem with a rich vein of historical research. Michael Barnett’s Empire of Humanity (2011) broke new ground, and it was followed by diverse new histories of humanitarianism, the development of new partnerships between NGOs and the writing of new histories of humanitarianism in places like Exeter, Galway, Geneva, London, Mainz

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs