and for their enemies’ conversion, individual judgment (or unpublished pastoral direction) determined whether the enemies referred to
were French Catholics, the Guises, the Pope himself, or Catholics in general, including EnglishCatholics.
Like other occasional liturgies, the 1572 form lists which chapters of
the Bible were to be substituted for lessons dictated by the calendar. Many
of the listed readings, overlapping with those in the 1563 plague liturgy,
call listeners to repentance (Matthew 3, Luke 15, Acts 9, and Romans
2) or admonish them about Christian
seen, thoroughly entrenched in religious writing
18 Richard Verstegan, The copy of a letter lately written by a Spanishe gentleman, to his
freind in England in refutation of sundry calumnies, there falsly bruited, and spred emonge
the people (Antwerp, 1589), 3–4, STC (2nd edn) 1038. Available from the database Early
English Books Online. Verstegan, a resident of Antwerp, published martyrologies of
executed EnglishCatholics and worked as an intelligence agent for the superiors of the
English mission, William Allen and Robert Persons.
19 Daniel Archdeacon, A true