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England’s altered confidence
Anne Sweeney

bereaved Catholics of what St Bernard called the ‘martyrdom of the heart’, harder to bear even than bodily martyrdom. 5 If this is also an account of the mood of English Catholics such as Byrd, as Southwell found them, they are an unhappy company indeed; the music of such men was indeed full of complaint and sadness: perfectly natural in the circumstances, Southwell suggests. The

in Robert Southwell

Ralph Knevet's Supplement of the Faery Queene (1635) is a narrative and allegorical work, which weaves together a complex collection of tales and episodes, featuring knights, ladies, sorcerers, monsters, vertiginous fortresses and deadly battles – a chivalric romp in Spenser's cod medieval style. The poem shadows recent English history, and the major military and political events of the Thirty Years War. But the Supplement is also an ambitiously intertextual poem, weaving together materials from mythic, literary, historical, scientific, theological, and many other kinds of written sources. Its encyclopaedic ambitions combine with Knevet's historical focus to produce an allegorical epic poem of considerable interest and power.

This new edition of Knevet's Supplement, the first scholarly text of the poem ever published, situates it in its literary, historical, biographical, and intellectual contexts. An extensive introduction and copious critical commentary, positioned at the back of the book, will enable students and scholars alike to access Knevet's complicated and enigmatic meanings, structures, and allusions.

Anne Sweeney

Verstegan in Antwerp, detailing the increased torturing of Catholic prisoners to raise awareness abroad of the desperate need of the English Catholics. 4 He had used almost the same words to engage the heart of Britannia as to raise anger against her in the hearts of her enemies abroad. In the private as in the public sphere, Southwell seemed to be struggling against the current. He had arrived in England

in Robert Southwell
Into England
Anne Sweeney

; but who was Weston’s superior, and what was his agenda? This was becoming a confused picture. Cardinal Allen, the only senior Englishman in episcopal orders now able to speak for the English Catholics in Rome, was given faculties as ‘Prefect of the English Mission’, in 1581. Although subject to the Cardinal Protector in Rome, he was effectively the ecclesiastical superior until his death in 1594

in Robert Southwell
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The thought of the outside in Shakespeare’s histories
Richard Wilson

of Anne, chimes with the attitude of Catholic exiles on hearing that ‘England expects a new Queen and another Cecil’. 27 The ‘Lady’ wooed by ‘the Toad’ was Arbella Stuart, neice of Mary Queen of Scots and the next-best hope of English Catholics after Ferdinando. ‘Sir R. Cecil intends to be King by marrying Arabella and now lacks only the name

in Shakespeare’s histories and counter-histories
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Ben Jonson’s admiration for Southwell’s ‘burning Babe’
Anne Sweeney

Pope had declared Elizabeth excommunicate six years earlier, and given English Catholics permission to consider her overthrow. 13 It therefore might be expected that those hoping for preferment at Court would be more than usually anxious to dissemble any family Catholicism. Despite this, and despite even the fact that his father was at that moment in Marshalsea prison accused of speaking against the

in Robert Southwell
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The discernment of angels
Anne Sweeney

in the Catholic enterprise of England. Sent down the hill to teach in the English College, he arrived just before the celebrated English mission of Robert Persons and Edmund Campion collapsed, as new cracks were appearing in the increasingly frail English Catholic ship. The energetic and strategically minded Persons had clashed with a Jesuit co-missioner, Jasper Heywood, an Oxford

in Robert Southwell
Frank Ardolino

from England by Leicester. The work consists of a dialogue among a gentleman, a lawyer and a scholar who, by recounting the many crimes of Leicester, make Mary Queen of Scots and the English Catholics appear as the innocent victims of his infamy. Leicester’s Commonwealth was translated into French and Italian in 1585, and it quickly became the definitive source for writers eager to defame Leicester

in Doing Kyd
Richard II, Mary Stuart and the poetics of queenship
Alison Findlay

torments with which you threatened her, nor from the infamy which you thought your slanders would cast on her]. English Catholics are explicitly invited to embrace the model offered by Mary Stuart in the text: a preliminary sonnet appeals to them thus: Martyrs de Jesus Christ d’ invincible courage

in Shakespeare’s histories and counter-histories
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Rewriting the English lyric landscape
Anne Sweeney

was to ‘delight and edify the beholder’, as the proud owner observed. If Southwell did not see such gardens on one of his country house calls, he will certainly have heard about them, in the form of admiring descriptions of their novel delights. English Catholic upset at Burghley’s repressions and the treatment of the loyal courtier Tresham will have been commingled with this garden project in his

in Robert Southwell