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Neil Collins and David O’Brien

by renowned film maker Zhang Yimou ( 张艺谋 ), the event involved some 15,000 performers and musicians showcasing a vibrant, confident nation proud of its history and culture. The ceremony, comprising two parts entitled ‘Brilliant Civilization’ and ‘Glorious Era’, was rich in nationalist imagery but noticeably short on Communist ideology. Confucius played a far greater role than Chairman Mao or Karl Marx. One section, in a display of national unity, saw fifty-six children from China’s fifty-six national ethnic groups dressed in traditional costume carry the national

in The politics of everyday China
John McLeod

justice to those outside the government and its supporters. ( West Indian Literature , second edition, Macmillan, 1995, p. 3) Coupled with these historical experiences is the theoretical critique of nationalism voiced by several influential thinkers. Paul Gilroy has raised concerns about the divisive and prejudicial ‘camp mentalities constituted by appeals to “race”, nation, and ethnic difference, by the lore of blood, bodies and fantasies of absolute cultural identity’ ( Between Camps: Race, Identity and Nationalism at the End of the Colour Line , Allen Lane

in Beginning postcolonialism (second edition)
Anna Green and Kathleen Troup

more substantial historical dimension into their work. 1 This chapter will briefly outline the main currents of thought in anthropology over this period, and examine the influence of two specific approaches that were to be fertile ground for historians: everyday life and symbolic anthropology, and ethnohistory. In the context of these approaches to history research and writing we will also examine the key concept of ‘ethnicity’. The concept of human culture is at the heart of anthropology. In the late nineteenth century Edward Burnett Tylor, often regarded as ‘the

in The houses of history
Abstract only
John McLeod

an inescapable link with their past migration history and a sense of co-ethnicity with others of a similar background’ (p. ix). It is tempting perhaps to think of diaspora peoples as migrant peoples, and indeed many living in diasporas certainly are. However, generational differences are important here. Children born to migrant peoples in Britain may lay claim to British citizenship, but their sense of identity and subjectivity borne from living in a diaspora community can be influenced by the ‘past migration history’ of their parents or grandparents that makes

in Beginning postcolonialism (second edition)
Abstract only
Some notes on ‘terror’
Chris Miller

atrocities in Chechnya, a country long under the domination of the atheistic and often anti-Semitic U.S.S.R. and now oppressed (the word is hardly sufficient) by secular Russia. The Russian interest in Chechnya is strictly imperialist and is not guided by Russian Orthodox religion. Similarly, when Orthodox Serbs began the ethnic cleansing of Bosnian Muslims in former Yugoslavia, the enmities involved were demarcated by religion but were primarily concerned with territory and power. Nor was Russian support for the Serbs of primarily religious motivation. There can be no

in ‘War on terror’
Jack Holland

liberal, minority-ethnic, and women leaders. The principal shows discussed are The West Wing, 24 , and Veep . Where it can seem that life imitates art, just as art imitates life, it transpires that such ‘imitation’ may not be so coincidental after all. It is instead part and parcel of how societies co-constitute new political realities. Very often, before progress is realised, it must be imagined. And television (as we saw in Chapter 4 ) can be a very powerful tool for imagining different and better worlds. In this instance, fictional television plots preceded

in Fictional television and American Politics
Bill Jones

Labour victories from 1997 changed the picture, but the more middle-class south is still very much Conservative territory and the more working-class north, Labour. Ethnicity Ethnic minorities number some 4–5 million out of the total population, so are now an important voter group to be wooed and won over. This is especially true in areas where they are concentrated, like Southall in the south and Blackburn in the north. Traditionally, Labour has won some three-quarters of the ethnic vote and also has more ethnic minority MPs than the Conservatives, though the

in British politics today
Bill Jones

. They are also often employed only part time, while others suffer discrimination if they wish to have children and still keep their jobs. On 24 July 2007, the Equal Opportunities Commission published a report into gender equality. It found that: only 20% of MPs are female; a ‘pensions’ gap leaves retired women with 40% less income than male contemporaries; women receive 38% less per hour than men when working part time and 17% if full time. Ethnicity Britain used to be a relatively homogenous country, the major division within society being that of social

in British politics today
Series: Pocket Politics

This book looks at how the contract between the Chinese state and its citizens produces ready compliance and apparent support despite the problems of corruption, food scandals, air pollution and the constraints on personal freedom. It explores the ways in which China’s past is presented as both a mandate for political monopoly and a promise of a glorious future. It does so through the voice of China's own people, by exploring the lived experiences of a broad range of her citizens from across a wide range of socio-economic, rural, urban, ethnic and religious backgrounds. The volume aims to use an ethnographic approach to comprehend how Chinese people in the twenty-first century feel about key issues they face at crucial point in the nation's development.

Series: Beginnings
Author: John McLeod

This book provides a sense of the continuing debates about postcolonialism while seeking to anchor some of its key themes and vocabularies securely. It takes as its primary focus, the various reading practices which distinguish and characterise much of the field - practices which for the purpose of this book attend chiefly to literary texts, but which can be applied beyond a strictly literary context to other cultural phenomena. The book introduces some major areas of enquiry within postcolonialism, as well as offers concrete examples of various kinds of relevant reading and writing practices. It provides a brief historical sketch of colonialism and decolonisation, providing the intellectual contexts and development of postcolonialism. The book approaches various attitudes towards nationalist representations in literary and other writings during the busy period of decolonisation in the 1950s and 1960s. It then deals with national traditions and national history, and the conflict between national liberation and imperialist domination. Divisions within the nation such as ethnicity, language, gender and eliteness which threaten the realisation of its progressive ideals are discussed, with attention on Partha Chatterjee's narrative of Indian nationalism and Chinua Achebe's novel Anthills of the Savannah. Other discussions include the re-reading of literary 'classics', the re-writing of received literary texts by postcolonial writers, postcolonial feminist criticism, and migration and diaspora in the context of decolonisation. The 'STOP and THINK' section in each chapter identify focal points of debate for readers to pursue critically.