refugees and asylum seekers. So the ethnic geography of the country has changed over the years and Scotland has become a more diverse and multicultural society. In this chapter, we begin by examining the 2011 census data to illustrate the various identities and ethnicities within the country. We then seek to explain how this pattern has evolved, by describing the various migrant groups who have made their home in Scotland, the changes that have taken place in recent years and we subsequently explore the concept of multiculturalism in Scotland, together with ongoing
Immigrants as Outsiders in the Two Irelands examines how a wide range of
immigrant groups who settled in the Republic of Ireland and in Northern Ireland
from the 1990s are faring today. It asks to what extent might different
immigrant communities be understood as outsiders in both
Immigrants as Outsiders in the Two Irelands brings together research on a wide range of immigrant communities. The book provides a sharp contemporary account of integration that situates migrants’ diverse experiences of exclusion within a detailed overall picture of the range of ways in which they have succeeded socially, economically and politically in building their lives in Ireland and Northern Ireland. Chapters include analyses of the specific experiences of Polish, Filipino, Muslim, African, Roma, refugee and asylum seeker populations and of the experiences of children, as well as analyses of the impacts of education, health, employment, housing, immigration law, asylum policy, the media and the contemporary politics of borders and migration on successful integration.
Immigrants as Outsiders in the Two Irelands offers a unique cross-border perspective on migrants on the island of Ireland today which situates the Irish experience within the wider politics of migration control, Brexit and integration policy. This book is a significant and timely analysis suitable for students of migration at any level in a wide range of social science disciplines.
It has often been said that the scholarly literature on Northern Irish history, politics and culture is exhaustive. Arguably, within the parameters of this huge and ever-expanding bibliography, most research tends to focus on the nature of political violence in the region and, consequently, on the ethnic antagonism existing between Protestants, who wish to maintain the Union with Great Britain, and Catholics, who hold assiduously to the aspiration of a United Ireland free from British interference. In contrast, the labour political
narratives celebrate Xi’s ‘new era’ as a reshaping of world order with a ‘new type of International Relations’ (Xi 2013 ). Nevertheless, global euphoria amongst Chinese elites is embedded in anxieties that ethnic minority identities are ‘colonial manipulations’ that threaten state sovereignty, which has culminated in ‘fusion’ ( jiaorong ) ethnic policies to secure China’s identity and the Great Revival. Xi's ‘justice’ 2 narrative reflects intertwined anxieties regarding Western colonial desires to convert China and the
like coming of age during a phase of national conflict when some Palestinian and Israeli government leaders, not just fringe figures, used religio-ethnic symbols to motivate and divide? 2 Since 1967, the symbolic salience of Jewish and Palestinian Arab religio-ethnic idioms in the national conflict at any given moment has depended on context, competition and political opportunity. 3 This developed sometimes in dialectic with, sometimes parallel to, patterns of social conservatism within both societies. 4 Oslo’s collapse has provided more frequent opportunities for
their states. The only solidarity that works is one that appeals to strong affections for communities, in this case the nation. Conceptually, the sources of solidarity have either derived from ideas of ethnicity or from ideas of civic unity (section 2). The stories we tell are often either about common origins, or common social traditions. We may be members of the Volk or citizens of ‘the land of the free’. In section 3, three
has defined the state as the core political institution. It is not that states refer often to this European settlement directly. Individual countries construct their own versions of history that justify the status quo and the defining claim that each state has ultimate control of all those who live in its territory. Nationalists, in particular, encourage narratives that suggest that the current shape is the playing out of a manifest destiny reflecting ancient loyalties, ethnic ties and cultural affinities. The homeland becomes a repository of historic memories and
This chapter examines the role that political division and power-sharing has played in impeding a focus within social policy and politics on the needs of recent immigrants and longer-established black and ethnic minority groups (such as British Asians and Chinese) living in Northern Ireland. The organisation of political parties along sectarian lines in Northern Ireland, and a power-sharing system designed to represent only those who identify as ‘green’ or ‘orange’, inevitably work to exclude immigrants. Drawing
Polish people currently form the largest ethnic minority in Northern Ireland. Like those in the Republic of Ireland, most Poles currently in Northern Ireland migrated following the accession of Poland to the EU in 2004, peaking around 2006–2008. 1 In this chapter, the experiences of Polish migrants in Northern Ireland are critically examined through social relations in the neighbourhood and migrants’ construction of space in the city. The aim of this research was to shed light on everyday experiences of exclusion and inclusion and how
Irish Travellers (often referred to as the Travelling Community) are a small indigenous minority ethnic group in Ireland; a distinct community but with cultural parallels with Gypsy (also called ‘Traveller’) communities in Britain and Roma communities in other parts of Europe. Travellers’ language, customs and values have been profoundly shaped by their traditions, history of nomadism and a long history of being an important part of community life in Ireland while also experiencing marginalisation, racism and exclusion. Travellers are