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Murray Stewart Leith and Duncan Sim

refugees and asylum seekers. So the ethnic geography of the country has changed over the years and Scotland has become a more diverse and multicultural society. In this chapter, we begin by examining the 2011 census data to illustrate the various identities and ethnicities within the country. We then seek to explain how this pattern has evolved, by describing the various migrant groups who have made their home in Scotland, the changes that have taken place in recent years and we subsequently explore the concept of multiculturalism in Scotland, together with ongoing

in Scotland

Immigrants as Outsiders in the Two Irelands examines how a wide range of immigrant groups who settled in the Republic of Ireland and in Northern Ireland from the 1990s are faring today. It asks to what extent might different immigrant communities be understood as outsiders in both jurisdictions.

Immigrants as Outsiders in the Two Irelands brings together research on a wide range of immigrant communities. The book provides a sharp contemporary account of integration that situates migrants’ diverse experiences of exclusion within a detailed overall picture of the range of ways in which they have succeeded socially, economically and politically in building their lives in Ireland and Northern Ireland. Chapters include analyses of the specific experiences of Polish, Filipino, Muslim, African, Roma, refugee and asylum seeker populations and of the experiences of children, as well as analyses of the impacts of education, health, employment, housing, immigration law, asylum policy, the media and the contemporary politics of borders and migration on successful integration.

Immigrants as Outsiders in the Two Irelands offers a unique cross-border perspective on migrants on the island of Ireland today which situates the Irish experience within the wider politics of migration control, Brexit and integration policy. This book is a significant and timely analysis suitable for students of migration at any level in a wide range of social science disciplines.

Hilary Charlesworth and Christine Chinkin

destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group through the commission of such acts as killing or causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; imposing measures to prevent

in The boundaries of international law
Neil Collins and Andrew Cottey

has defined the state as the core political institution. It is not that states refer often to this European settlement directly. Individual countries construct their own versions of history that justify the status quo and the defining claim that each state has ultimate control of all those who live in its territory. Nationalists, in particular, encourage narratives that suggest that the current shape is the playing out of a manifest destiny reflecting ancient loyalties, ethnic ties and cultural affinities. The homeland becomes a repository of historic memories and

in Understanding Chinese politics
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Aaron Edwards

It has often been said that the scholarly literature on Northern Irish history, politics and culture is exhaustive. Arguably, within the parameters of this huge and ever-expanding bibliography, most research tends to focus on the nature of political violence in the region and, consequently, on the ethnic antagonism existing between Protestants, who wish to maintain the Union with Great Britain, and Catholics, who hold assiduously to the aspiration of a United Ireland free from British interference. In contrast, the labour political

in A history of the Northern Ireland Labour Party
A critical race perspective
Paul Connolly and Romana Khaoury

consider the voices of others. With the paramilitary cease-fires and the onset of the peace process, it is felt that things are now changing. Space is increasingly emerging within the social and political agenda to consider the needs and experiences of others, including those of black and minority ethnic people living in the region. We want to argue in this chapter, however, that there is a danger with arguments such as these, as they tend to underplay the significance of race within Northern Ireland. Rather than the marginalisation of race issues being a by-product of

in Northern Ireland after the troubles
The Xinjiang emergency in China’s ‘new type of international relations’
David Tobin

narratives celebrate Xi’s ‘new era’ as a reshaping of world order with a ‘new type of International Relations’ (Xi 2013 ). Nevertheless, global euphoria amongst Chinese elites is embedded in anxieties that ethnic minority identities are ‘colonial manipulations’ that threaten state sovereignty, which has culminated in ‘fusion’ ( jiaorong ) ethnic policies to secure China’s identity and the Great Revival. Xi's ‘justice’  2 narrative reflects intertwined anxieties regarding Western colonial desires to convert China and the

in The Xinjiang emergency
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Stacey Gutkowski

like coming of age during a phase of national conflict when some Palestinian and Israeli government leaders, not just fringe figures, used religio-ethnic symbols to motivate and divide? 2 Since 1967, the symbolic salience of Jewish and Palestinian Arab religio-ethnic idioms in the national conflict at any given moment has depended on context, competition and political opportunity. 3 This developed sometimes in dialectic with, sometimes parallel to, patterns of social conservatism within both societies. 4 Oslo’s collapse has provided more frequent opportunities for

in Religion, war and Israel’s secular millennials
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Englishness, ‘race’ and ethnic identities
Paul Thomas

meaning/s of Englishness for non-white ethnic minorities in the context of wider political debates and developments around multiculturalism, citizenship and Community Cohesion and offers thoughts about the potential for genuinely inclusive and non-racial understandings of Englishness taking greater hold than at present. Firstly, the chapter provides a brief context of

in These Englands
Ciarán O’Kelly

their states. The only solidarity that works is one that appeals to strong affections for communities, in this case the nation. Conceptually, the sources of solidarity have either derived from ideas of ethnicity or from ideas of civic unity (section 2). The stories we tell are often either about common origins, or common social traditions. We may be members of the Volk or citizens of ‘the land of the free’. In section 3, three

in Political concepts