control German military efforts.
The French responded to their apparent dilemma by proposing the creation of a European Defense Community. The so-called Pleven Plan, proposed by economist Jean Monnet and named for French Premier René Pleven, envisioned the eventual creation of a European army within which token German units would be included. The army would not be formed until a Europeandecision-making framework had been established, with a European defense minister and a European parliament to approve funds for the operation. The French National Assembly initially